Naanak Dev ji             Angad Dev ji             Amardas ji              Ramdas ji              Arjan Dev ji             Hargobind Sahib ji       

Hariraye Sahib ji           Harikrishan Sahib ji            Teg Bahadar Sahib ji            Gobind Singh  ji

 
   

15. At Kaamroop (Aasaam)

Guru ji travelled through Bengal. There are many Gurdwaras associated with His name especially in Dacca (now the capital of Bangladesh, where He had many devout Sikhs. Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib, accompanied by the Raja of Jaipur and his Army, reached the right bank of river Brahmputra and encamped at a place called Rangmati. The King of Assam, Chakradhwaj Singh came to know that the Mughal Army had come to attack him and annex his territory.

He at once became furious and was deter- mined to annihilate the Raja and his Army; he put his magicians at work. This had not been the first attempt on the part of the Moghuls to conquer Assam. According to Max. Arthur Macauliffc, Mirza Raja Man Singh, the grandfather of Raja Ram Singh, had also tried under the orders of Akbar the Great to annex Assam, and was killed by the ancestors of Chakradhwaj Singh. Another attempt by Aurangzeb under the command of Mir Jumla had also miserably failed.

This time, however, none of the magic's could do any harm to the Army of the Raja of Jaipur. Seeing this, Chakradhwaj Singh knew that there must be a spiritual person amongst the Raja's company. When all efforts had failed, he made arrangements to divert a tributary of the great river Brahmputra and turn it on Raja Ram Singh's Army. Guru ji, however, had advised the Raja in good time to move his Armies away from that spot, thus avoiding any major casualties.

Some Muslim soldiers, who did not heed the advice of the Guru were swept away by the tributary according to the plan of the King of Kamarup. Then the King of Kamarup went to the temple of his family goddess Kamakashi and worshipped the goddess and sought her aid to overcome the enemy and save the country from falling into the hands of the aggressor.

After the King had finished his prayers, the goddess is stated to have appeared and said to Chakradhwaj Singh. "O King, Baba Nanak hath taken birth in this age. On His Throne is now seated the Ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur. He is here with Raja Ram Singh, who hath become a disciple of His. Nowadays the Guru is Sovereign. No one hath strength to oppose Him. Go make obeisance to Him and ask pardon for thy sins and thy rule shall be everlasting; otherwise it shall perish."

The King then arranged an interview with the Guru and made his prostrations before Him. He told the Guru how the goddess had appeared and what she had said. He said to Guru Tegh Bahadur ji that his kingdom was at His mercy and he wished that as a "Defender of the Hindus." He would not let it be annexed by a ruthless Moghal Emperor. The Guru advised him to have no fears as the Raja of Jaipur was a very religious man and a Sikh of the Guru. The King then invited Guru ji and Raja Ram Singh and other Rajput Chiefs to come to Dhubri and discuss the matter with him peacefully. But he did not wish any Muslim to enter his territory nor did he want to negotiate with them.

On entering Dhubri the Guru made Chakradhwaj Singh and Ram Singh to sit on either side of Him. Guru ji, then said to them, "Both of you are Kshatrya princes and it is your duty to fight for the cause of righteousness. But a Kshatrya should never fight for it selfish motive. If you, Raja Ram Singh, attack Kamarup, it is certainly the duty of the King to defend his country from aggression. But your action, O Raja Ram Singh, would neither be justified nor could it be called righteous. You will be fighting for the Emperor of Delhi, whom you know would be as pleased if you were killed in the battle, as if you were to conquer Kamarup.

Therefore. settle your differences peacefully and not by waging a War." The Guru, then brought about a reconciliation between the two. Guru ji drove His dagger into the earth and said. "Let all the land on one side of the dagger belong to the King of Kamarup and that on the other belong to the Emperor of Delhi. Both the Princes were impressed by the statesmanship of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji and bowed to Him in reverence.

Guru Tegh Bahadur ji, then visited the place where Guru Nanak once sat at Dhubri. The Guru then asked Raja Ram Singh to instruct his soldiers to bring five shields full of earth each to raise a mound on the spot. The congregation, then performed the Asa-Di-Var on that mound and the King of Kamrup promised to erect a temple there in the memory of the Great Guru Nanak and the present visit of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji.

When Guru ji was about to leave Assam, both the King and the Queen came to thank Him and reluctantly said that they had no heir to the throne. Guru ji at once said that a son will be born and, touching His ring on the forehead of the King, said that the child shall also have a similar birthmark on his forehead. Later, a son was born to the queen. When the child grew up, he was tying his turban one day when he noticed a strange mark on his forehead.

On enquiring from his mother, he came to know of the full story. This was the famous Raja Ratan Rai of Assam, who presented Guru Gobind Singh ji with a unique elephant known as "Prashadi." It is said that this elephant was white in colour and had a black stripe running right across his body - from trunk to tail. He had brought many other precious presents as well, when he came to visit Guru Gobind Singh ji at Anandpur Sahib. It was the refusal of Guru Gobind Singh ji to give away these items to Raja Bhim Chand that led to the battles of Bhangani in which the Guru defeated the Shivalik Rajas several times and came out victorious "with the Grace of the Almighty."

It was in Dhubri that Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib got the news that a Son had been born to Him at Patna. Raja Ram Singh was the first to come and congratulate the Guru. Guru ji bowed towards Palla and said, "The Saviour of the oppressed has now come. He shall uplift the downtrodden and uproot tyranny for all times." Alms were distributed to the poor and prayers of thanks-giving were offered.

   
1. Birth 2. Childhood
3. Teaching 4. Marriage
5. Moved to Bakala 6. The True Guru is Found
7. Go to Amritsar 8. Travels to the East
9. Kirtpur 10. Anadpur Sahib
11. At Prayag (Allahabad) 12. At Banaras
13. At Gaya 14. At Patna
15. At Kamarup (Assam)  16. Bhai Mihan
17. Birth of Gobind Rai 18. At Jagannath Puri
19. Return to Punjab 20. Meet His Son
21. Aurangzeb 22. Temple Destroyed by Aurangzeb
23. Aurangzeb Convert Hindus to Islam 24. Kashmiri Pandit Come to Guru
25. Guru Summoned to Delhi 26. His arrest at Agra
27. Meetings with Emperor, Aurangzeb 28. The three options
29. Bhai Gurditta 30.Martyrdom Mati, sati & Dyal das
31. Martyrdom Guru Teg Bahadar Sahib 32. Bhai Lakhi Shah & Bhai Jaita ji  
   
 
 

 

 

 

GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU. SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty.

GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months. GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him.

On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed. When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released.

Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla). Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released.

Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU.

SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty. GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months.

GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him. On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed.

When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released. Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla).

Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released. Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.

 

Gurudwara Shri Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib Phone Number :  0751-2480040

 

 

Bandi chhorh diwas was the day on which shri guru hargobind sahib ji got released from fort gwalior. And that days falls on "asu di masya" which is still celeberated at gurudwara shri bandi chhorh sahib, gwalior.

 

 

MIRI : The concept is linked to the traditional power enjoyed by kings and ruler where the might of the military resulted in the power and ability to rule or influence the people.

PIRI : The concept of "Piri" is linked to the power enjoyed by religious leaders, church priests, qazis, pandits, etc. to have power or influence over the devotees by way of "spiritual power" or religious power. The words miri and piri are now frequently used together to give the concept promoted by the sixth Guru.

 

 
1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th (Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIBís.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughterís money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect oneís hair like GURUíS belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.

1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th(Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIBís.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughterís money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect oneís hair like GURUíS belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.