1. Birth

Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji was born in the holy city of Sri Amritsar on Sunday, the 1st April in the year 1621 AD. Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur was the fifth and the youngest son of Sri Guru Hargobind - the sixth sovereign on the throne of Guru Nanak. His mother was Mata Nanaki. Sri Guru Hargobind ji was 6:1/2 foot tall and his charming and handsome personality is beyond comparison. Sri Guru Hargobind's other children were Baba Gurditta, Bibi Viro, Baba Suraj Mal, Baba Ani Rai and Baba Atal Rai. After the morning prayers at Sri Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple) and Sri Akal Takht Sahib, Sri Guru Hargobind ji requested the High Priest Baba Budha Jee, Bhai Gurdas and Bhai Bidhi Chand to come with Him and bless the baby who had just arrived. On seeing the child, both Baba Budha lee and Sri Guru Hargobind ji bowed to the baby in reverence and then touched his feet. Bhai Bidhi Chand, who had so far been, a quiet spectator could not help enquiring of the Guru as to why did He, the Master of both the worlds, bow before his own newly born son? To this the Guru replied that his son had come into this world with a great mission ahead of him, and that he would save all humanity from tyranny by laying down his own life. It was with this regard in mind that both the Guru and Baba Budha jee had bowed to the child. Sri Guru Hargobind ji then took the baby into His arms. It was then that the baby held firmly the handle of one of the swords, which Sri Guru Hargobind ji was wearing. Sri Guru Hargobind ji always wore two swords, which represented Miri (political sovereignty) and Piri (Spiritual sovereignty). The sword, which the baby had so firmly clasped in his hand, was that representing Spiritual sovereignty. Guru Hargobind ji was amused at this and named the child Tegh Bahadur. The literal meaning of "Tegh Bahadur" is "Master of the Sword". The very name Tegh Bahadur given to the child made the people reflect and hope that he might grow up to be the living image of his warrior-prophet father, Sri Guru Hargobind ji.