Guru's Preaching Tours
Arjan had practically completed the organization of his followers on
peaceful lines and under Guru Har Gobind, Sikhism had added into itself an
army. Apart from laying emphasis on the free kitchen and religious
congregation and faith in the Adi Granth, Guru Har Rai undertook extensive
tours in Malwa and Doaba regions of the Punjab. These regions provided good
opportunities for the Sikh faith to sprout. Guru Har Rai made some notable
conversions among the landed families of the Punjab who were, at that time,
considered the natural leaders of the people.
one of the Guru's tours, he stayed at Mukandpur in the present district of
Jullundhur. There he drove a bamboo shoot into the ground in memory of his
visit; and it still survives as a stately tree. From there he went to Malwa
and visited the tank near Nathana where Guru Har Gobind had fought. Kala and
Karm Chand, two brothers of Mahraj tribe, came to him to complain that the
people of Kaura tribe did not allow them to live among them.
Guru tried to settle the matter amicably but when Kaura tribe refused to
listen, he helped the Mahraj brothers to take forcible possession of a piece
of land and settle there. He remained for some time at Nathana preaching to
the people, and Kala and his friends frequently waited on him. He made many
disciples. His hearers abandoned the worship of cemeteries and cremation
grounds, and embraced the simple worship of God.
day Kala with his two nephews, Sandali and Phul, whose father was killed in
the battle during Guru Har Gobind's time, went to visit the Guru. When the
children arrived in his presence, Phul who was five years old, struck with
his hands his own naked belly like a drum. When asked for the reason, Kala
explained that he was hungry and wanted something to eat. The Guru took
compassion on him and said," He shall become great, famous and wealthy. The
steeds of his escendants shall drink water as far as the Jamna river; they
shall have sovereignty for many generations and be honored in proportion as
they serve the Guru." When Kala reached home and his wife heard Guru's
benediction, she put pressure on him to take his own sons to him, and teach
them to strike their bellies in token of hunger.
Kala and his own sons appeared before the Guru, he told him that he acted in
obedience to his wife. The Guru said," The parents of these children are
alive, but at the same time they shall have their own cultivation, eat the
fruit of their toil, pay no tribute, and dependent on no one." This prophecy
has been fulfilled and their descendants owned twenty-two villages called
had six sons. From the eldest, Tilok Singh, the Rajas of Nabha and Jind were
the descendants. From Phul's second son, Ram Singh, the Maharaja of Patiala
was the descendant. These three were known as the Phul ke Raje, or Phulkian
chiefs. After India became independent in 1947, these states along with
other hundreds of states in the county, were annexed by the Government of
Guru, having been convinced of the deterioration of Masand system, evolved
Bakhshishs or missionary centers. Six centers were manned by Suthrashah,
Sahiba, Sangata, Mihan Sahib, Bhagat Bhagwan, Bhagat Mal and Jeet Mal.
Bhagat Bhagwan was appointed as the incharge of the preaching work in the
east, where he along ith his followers, established as many as 360 gaddies
(centers) to carry on these efforts.
families of Kaithal and Bagrian were made responsible for missionary work in
the land between the Jamna and Satluj rivers. Bhai Pheru was responsible for
the area between the Beas and Ravi rivers. Another center was established in
the central districts of Punjab. Bhai Aru, Sewa Das, Naik Das, Durga Chand
and Suthra Shah were the important priests of the Guru's times who did
missionary work in Kashmir.