Naanak Dev ji             Angad Dev ji             Amardas ji              Ramdas ji              Arjan Dev ji             Hargobind Sahib ji       

Hariraye Sahib ji           Harikrishan Sahib ji            Teg Bahadar Sahib ji            Gobind Singh  ji

 
   

7. Preaching Tours

Guru Har Gobind was the first, after Guru Nanak, who went outside the Punjab to spread Sikh religion. He travelled from place to place and went as far as Kashmir in the north and Nanakmata, Pilibhit in the east.

A Sikh, Almast (means enthusiast) who had been preaching Sikh religion at Nanak Mata near Pilibhit, had been expelled from his shrine by the Jogis who had also burnt the sacred pipal tree under which Guru Nanak had held debate with the followers of Gorakh Nath. Night and day Almast read the compositions of the Gurus. He used to pray,"O searcher of hearts, true Guru, render us assistance." Enduring all hardships, Almast waited until the Guru came to repair and take possession of Guru Nanak's temple.

Ramo, the eldest sister of Guru's wife- Damodri, was married to Sain Das who lived in Daroli in the present district of Ferozepur. Sain Das was ever praying that Guru Har Gobind would visit his village. He built a mansion to receive him and vowed not to allow any one to live in it until the Guru had hallowed it by his presence. Sain Das prepared a beautiful bed, and over the pillow he put up a canopy. Every morning he used to lay flowers in the room and pray that the Guru would come to bless the place. Ramo used to ask Das to go and bring the Guru but he would say,"The Guru is omniscient and will come of his own accord."

On account of the troubles of Almast and the devotion of Sain Das, the Guru decided to visit Nanakmata and Daroli and taking with him a troop of his armed retainers. He went to Kartarpur and stayed there for some days. After that when he arrived in Nanak- Mata, the Jogis, seeing his retinue, thought that some Raja had come. Almast came forth and uttered thanksgiving that his spiritual master had arrived. The Guru constructed a platform and sitting on it recited the Sodar. He sprinkled saffron on the pipal tree which came back to its full bloom.

The Jogis came in a body and represented," Thou art a family man; we are well-known holy ascetics.Bearing the ame of Gorakhnath, this place has been ours. Therefore leave it, and go and abide wherever it pleases you." The Guru replied,"Whom do you call a holy ascetic? I apply this name only to him who has renounced pride and who as the love of God in his heart. It is he, and not a man who wears an ascetic's garb, who will obtain salvation."

The Jogis, in order to terrify him, made a show of their supernatural powers, but could produce no effect on the Guru, and thus retreated. Since that date the place is called Nanakmata, and remained in the possession of Udasi Sikhs. He remained there for some time and occupied himself with preaching to his Sikhs, and set up a Sikh ervice organization under the guidance of Almast.

On his return journey he proceeded to Daroli where his mother and wives were waiting for him. Sain Das and his wife Ramo begged for his blessings. He replied,"God at all times assist those whose hearts are pure. With a pure mind meditate on His Name, and accept His Will, then you shall be happy."

The moon was full in the month of Kartik, Sambat 1670 (1613 A.D.) Mata Damodri gave birth to a son who was afterwards named Gurditta, and who bore a remarkable likeness to Guru Nanak. After that he returned to Amritsar.

Sewa Das, a Brahman who was residing at Srinagar in Kashmir, had been a converted Sikh. His mother, Bhagbhari made a beautiful robe to give to the Guru when he would visit her. She continued praying and waited for him who answered her prayer by deciding to proceed to Kashmir to see her.

On his way to Kashmir he reached Chaparnala near Sialkot, where he met a Brahman and asked him where could he find water to drink and bathe in? The Brahman carelessly replied that the soil was stony and therefore, the water was very scant. Upon this the Guru drove a spear into the ground and it is said that a spring of pure water issued forth. The Sikhs constructed a tank at the spring and it was called Gurusar. The Brahman felt ashamed and asked for pardon for not having recognized the Master's greatness. The Guru replied,"The sins of those who repent shall be pardoned."

He continued his journey into the mountains of Kashmir. There he met Kattu Shah, a faithful Sikh who had advisited him at Amritsar. He spent a night in his house and then proceeded to Srinagar, where Sewa Das was meditating and waiting for him. His mother said that she worshipped the very ground on which the Guru would tread. He was received with great respect and enthusiasm and he asked Sewa Das's mother to bring the dress she had made for him. He put it on and blessed her. Overwhelmed with devotion for the Guru, she recited the following Sabad:

"Who but Thee, my Beloved, could do such a thing ? Cherisher of the poor, Lord of the world, Thou hast put over my head the umbrella of spiritual sovereignty."     (Rag Bani Maru Ravdas, Page 1106)

After this she and her son both drank some of the water in which the Guru had washed his feet, and the remainder she sprinkled over her house.

Crowds of Kashmiris both from Srinagar and the surrounding villages paid homage and many embraced Sikhism. A very interesting story- a company of Sikhs came to behold the Guru from a distant village with an offering of honey. On the way they met Kattu Shah who requested them to let him have some of the honey, but they refused saying that they could not offer him Kattu Shah's leavings. When the Sikhs reached the Guru, the honey was found rotten and full of worms. The Guru remarked,"This is the result of not having given to my Sikh in whom is the spirit of the Guru." He ordered them to return and satisfy Kattu Shah. It is said that the honey became fresh and sweet when they returned to Kattu Shah. 'Hungry mouth is Guru's treasure.'

He returned to Punjab through Bara Mula. The next day he visited the place where Rikhi Kashyap had dwelt, and where Vishnu was said to have incarnation of a swarf. Then he proceeded to Gujrat in the Punjab where he met Shah Daula, a saint of that city. Shah Daula was astonished to see the Guru with swords hanging on his both sides, aigrette attached to his turban and a hawk perched on his wrist. Shah Daula asked him,"How can you be a religious man when you have wife and children and possess worldly wealth and have arms?" The Guru retorted,"A wife is man's conscience, his children perpetuate his memory, wealth enables him to live, arms are needed to extirpate the tyrants."

After that he proceeded to Wazirabad and Hafizabad, both in the district of Gujranwala (now in Pakistan).Then he ent to a village called Mutto Bhai and preached the principles of his religion. He spent some time there. The Guru then reached Mandiali, a place about five miles from Lahore. Here Dwarka, a devout Sikh, married his daughter, Bibi Marwahi to him.

While still at Mandiali the Guru was informed by his Sikh Langha of the sustained efforts of some of imperial officers and the Qazis to poison the Emperor's mind to destroy the sacred buildings of the Sikhs. The Guru took only a casual notice and proceeded to Talwandi, the birth place of Guru Nanak. He imparted religious instructions to the people who had gathered there in connection with the Namani fair. From there he proceeded to Madai. Next stop was at Manga in Lahore district. From there he returned to Amritsar where as usual great rejoicing were held in his honor.

During Shah Jahan's reign all those persons and groups who had enmity towards the Guru, were constantly on the look-out for some opportunity to strike him and impede the onward march of Sikh movement. Tara Chand, the ruler of Hadur or Kehlur (Nalagarh) had waited upon the Guru and requested him to pay a visit to his state. In view of these circumstances the Guru had an idea of alternative headquarters. He sent his son Baba Gurditta to Tara Chand and promised him to visit his state later on. The Raja offered a piece of land for his permanent abode. Some writers say that the land was purchased from him. Baba Gurditta founded the town of Kiratpur on that piece of land.

Malwa region was still a vast tract of waste land and its people were still uncommitted to any religion. The Guru, therefore, undertook great tour of this region. He visited Zira, Rode Lande, Gill, Kotra and Hari. After that he visited Marajh, Dabwalli, Bhadaur, Mahal, Ded Maluke, Demru and then reached Darauli. Before departure, he blessed the people of Darauli and gave them a 'pothi' and a small katar (a small sword) as monuments. He visited Bara Ghar, Mado, Lopo, Sidhwan and then reached Sidhar. Rai Jodh, a big landlord of Kangar inspired by his wife Bhagan who was a daughter of Bhag Mal Gill, a devotee of the Guru, waited upon him. He was so much impressed that he desired to enter the Sikh fold. The Guru initiated him, his brother Umar Shah and many others of their families.

The people came in flocks and embraced Sikhism specially in Malwa region. For the first time in history of Indian religions, the people were coming across a religious leader who was committed to the ideal of resisting all ypes of exploitations, injustice and tyranny. In fact the Guru's close identification with the lower and down-trodden classes and his constant endeavors for their welfare and uplift made him the cynosure of the masses.

   
1. Born 2. Arming and martial training
3. People hostile towards young Guru 4. Bhai Bidhi Chand Chhina
5. Longing for the Guru  6. Akal Takhat
7. Preaching Tours 8. Mata Kaulan
9. Guru's Family 10. Baba Atal Rai
11. Guru at Kiratpur  12. Bhai Gurdas
 13. Bandi Chhor- The Great Deliverer 14. Bibi Bhagbhari
15. Bhai Kattu & G. Hargobind Sahib ji  16. Bhai Bhagatu
17. Miri Piri 18. Religious activities
19. Historical accounts 20. First Battle— Battle of Amritsar
21. Second Battle of Hargobindpur 22. Third Battle— Battle of Gurusar
23. Fourth Battle— Battle of Kartarpur  
   
 
 

 

 

 

GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU. SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty.

GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months. GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him.

On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed. When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released.

Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla). Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released.

Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU.

SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty. GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months.

GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him. On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed.

When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released. Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla).

Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released. Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.

 

Gurudwara Shri Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib Phone Number :  0751-2480040

 

 

Bandi chhorh diwas was the day on which shri guru hargobind sahib ji got released from fort gwalior. And that days falls on "asu di masya" which is still celeberated at gurudwara shri bandi chhorh sahib, gwalior.

 

 

MIRI : The concept is linked to the traditional power enjoyed by kings and ruler where the might of the military resulted in the power and ability to rule or influence the people.

PIRI : The concept of "Piri" is linked to the power enjoyed by religious leaders, church priests, qazis, pandits, etc. to have power or influence over the devotees by way of "spiritual power" or religious power. The words miri and piri are now frequently used together to give the concept promoted by the sixth Guru.

 

 
1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th (Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIB’s.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughter’s money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect one’s hair like GURU’S belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.

1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th(Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIB’s.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughter’s money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect one’s hair like GURU’S belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.