Naanak Dev ji             Angad Dev ji             Amardas ji              Ramdas ji              Arjan Dev ji             Hargobind Sahib ji       

Hariraye Sahib ji           Harikrishan Sahib ji            Teg Bahadar Sahib ji            Gobind Singh  ji

 
   

21. The Second Battle: Battle of Hargobindpur

Battle of Hargobindpur

The Battle of Hargobindpur was, the second battle in which Guru Hargobind and his Sikh Risaldari (comrades), fought the forces of Abdullah Khan the Mughal governor, (Subedar) of Jalandhar. This historic war happened in September 1629 (according to some chronicles 1628). The battle was fought near the village of Ruhela where Guru Hargobind and his warriors defeated the Mughal force commanded by Turkish chieftains and the governor Abdullah Khan. After the victory the area in which the battle was fought became the town of Sri Hargobindpur.

Reason for the Conflict

Establishment of a Village

Much earlier a new village called Hargobindpur had been established near the village of Ruhela, on the bank of the Beas river by Guru Arjan Dev. The fifth Guru named this new village in honour of his young son Hargobind. However, after the arrest, torture and martyrdom of Guru Arjun Dev, the area fell under the control of Diwan Chandu Lal (an influential Hindu banker and chief minister of Emperor Jahangir. Jahangir took control of the whole area, but it was neglected and soon fell into ruin (Veerana). With the young (18 years old) Guru's attention focused on the intrigues that resulted in his father's death and the growing dangers to the Sikhs, his attention turned to efforts to train a force of Sikhs as he raised, armed and prepared a standing force of professional soldiers to defend himself and his devotees from attacks.

Bhagwan Das Ghirarh

Bhagwan Das Ghirarh, was a Khatri, the traditional caste of Hindu warriors who in the distant past governed and protected Hindu kingdoms. With the coming of the Mughals, the Hindu armies had subdued and defeated. Many of the Hindu kingdoms had become allies with the Mughal rulers and had even arranged marriages between their daughters and the Mughal rulers so that Jahangir mother was a Hindu Princess. The Hindus were quick students and learned the mastery of Persian language of the new conquerors which enabled rapid opportunity 'for advancement' within the Mughal hierarchy. Bhagwan Das Ghirarh often used torture as a means to his ends. He was friend of Abdullah Khan and was a relative of Chandu Shah (who many blame for the horrific tortures that lead to the Martyrdom of Guru Arjun Dev).

Guru Hargobind's Visit

During the rainy season, Guru Hargobind ji left Kartarpur and camped at the village, Gobindpur, that his father had started on the second Thursday of Sawan. He decided to rebuild and enlarge the town, on the open space on the bank of the river, which still had ruins and brick from the village begun by his father .

Death of Bhagvan Das

When Guru Hargobind Ji was setting up his camp, learning of the Guru's presence and intentions Bhagvan Das arrived at the Gurus camp to voice his objection and challenged Guru Hargobind asking him to vacate the site. Bhagwan Das stressing his right of ownership to the land hired some ruffians who forcibly attempted to dislodge the sikhs, who were already busy raising the new township.

During this attempt to expel the Sikhs he hurled insults at the Guru, using some undignified words in his anger. The Sikhs got angry at such language being pointed in their Guru's direction, and were about to attack Bhagwan Das, when guru sahib ordered them to stop, but Bhagwan Das again spoke undignified words and the Sikhs (doubtless this was more than they could bare) and in the ensuing clash, most of the hired ruffians were killed along with Bhagwan Das.

In his anger Ratan Chand, Bhagwan's son, approached Abdulah Khan

After this incident, people told Ratan Chand about the death of his father. Ratan lost no time in going to Jalandhar, to meet with his relative Karam Chand, the son of Chandu Shah. Together they went to Ali Beg (Abdullah Khan), the subedar of Jalandhar and complained about Guru Hargobind. They played on the fears of Abdulla Khan, telling him that the Guru was constructing a fort at Sri Hargobindpur to raise an army to seek revenge on the Moghuls for the death of his father.

Guru Hargobind had been advised by his father to raise and train a force to defend against against attacks on the Sikhs, but the young Guru had no intentions of building a fort or attacking anyone, his forces were strictly to be used in defense, but such were the fears (and doubtless the guilt of the Mughals concerning the death of the Saintly Guru Arjan)> No Doubt the the heat of his anger over his father's death and his warning of the Sikhs preparing for an attack, Abdulla Khan was quickly persuaded to dispatch a more than adequate force of ten thousand soldiers to help the plotters expel Guru sahib and the community of Sikhs.

Abdullah Khan's plan

Abdullah Khan first sent 4000 soldiers to Hargobindpur and ordered the local chieftains Bairam Khan, Muhomad Khan, Balwand KHan, Imam Baksh, Nabi Baksh, Chirag Din, Akbar Khan and Sher Muhommad to ready their forces they were to be his main pawns in his plan. He then divided these forces, sending them to eight different locations around the Sikhs.

Guru Hargobind gave command of his army to Bhai Jattu and selected one jathedar (leader) for each jatha (group). Bhai Kalyana, Those selected to lead the jaths were Bhai Piraga, Bhai Mathra Bhat (son of Baba Bhikha), Bhai Jagan Nath, Bhai Jagna, Bhai Saktu, Bhai Jati Mall, Bhai Paras Ram, Bhai Malooka. The Guru kept the jatha of Bhai Bidhi Chand in reserve so that they could add support wherever it was needed.

The Battle

Historians have written that the warriors of the Guru flared out like peacocks and their enemies hid themselves like cowering snakes.

On the first day of battle, Bhai Jattu directly challenged Muhommad Khan. Muhommad Khan killed Bhai Jattu's horse with his first arrow. Bhai Jattu then fired a shot at Muhomad Khan just as he let go a second arrow, both men were killed.

Abdullah Khan now gave command to Bairam Khan and on the opposite side it was Bhai Mathura Kaman, in place of Bhai Jattu. Bhai Mathura ji first fell down Bairam Khan's horse and then jumped on him, the body of Bairam Khan was fully covered with "Sanjoh" (protective garments; Warrior's iron dress) so he was thinking that he was invincible. Bhai Mathura ji drew his Kata (Sword) from his scabbard striking his adversary on his face, killing Khan immediately.

Balvand Khan was the next sent out, with one troop of Ali Baksh. Both Dasta stampede in Sikh Army, but Bhai Kalyana shot bullet towards Balvand Khan and he was killed. When Ali Baksh saw this he attacked Bhai Kalyana. Bhai Kalyana let all his arrows fly and then he started fighting with his sword, but he was completely surrounded and could not escape. He got martyred in the ensuing attack.

Then Ali Baksh moved toward Guru Hargobind, watching this Bhai Nanu moved forward and stopped Ali Baksh, Ali Baksh tried to shoot Bhai Nanu but before Bhai Nanu's arrow launched second before killed Ali Baksh.

After Ali Baksh, Imam Baksh moved forward, Bhai Nanu cut his arm off but he attacked on Bhai Nanu ji with other arm and killed Bhai Nanu.

After Bhai Nanu, Sikh Army began to go down but Bhai Bidhi Chand's took control of the situation. Bhai Kishna and Bhai Paraga moved forward and clashed with Imam Baksh.

In evening both Armies went to their "Tikanas" (bases).

On second day of battle, in morning, Guru sahib mentioned about the bravery of Bhai Nanu and promote the army to fight with bravery. Bhai Paraga, Bhai Jagna, Bhai Saktu, Bhai Pirana and Bhai Bholan take command of different jathas (groups). Bhai Bidhi Chand took the command of a defensive jatha. Abdullah Khan also established his command for the enemy. Sikhs attacked bravely and furiously and enemies were surprised watching all this. Abdullah Khan was thinking that these Sikhs are just common barbers, farmers, craftsmen (Chibas and Baroots) but they have turned out to be strong warriors as well.

Abdulah Khan sent his eldest son Nabi Bakhsh into the battlefield and also asked Karam Chand to stop Bhai Bidhi Chand. Karam Chand fired an arrow towards Bhai Bidhi Chand. The arrow struck Bhai Bidhi Chand's body; however, Bhai Bidhi Chand pulled out the arrow and fired it back at Karam Chand. Karam Chand escaped but his horse fell down. When he fell from his horse, Bhai Bidhi Chand put "Kamand" sling around him and started to drag him with his horse and threw him before Guru Hargobind and asked permission to finish him off. Guru sahib denied permission saying that the enemy fighter was without a weapon.

Karam Chand ran back to Abdullah Khan and told him that there are only a few Sikhs with the Guru. Abdullah Khan then planned a strong attack and with Nabi Baksh they attacked the Sikh soldiers. Bhai Paras Ram's jatha stopped Nabi Baksh but he was injured by an arrow from Nabi Baksh, Bhai Saktu supported injured Bhai Paras Ram and took his sword and hit Nabi Baksh. His strike with the sword was so forcefull that he killed him instantly. Watching this the Mughal army attacked Bhai Saktu and Bhai Paras Ram and they were martyred.

Abdullah Khan was very hurt and mourned the death of his son. His second son Karim Baksh moved forward to attack Guru sahib but Bhai Bidhi Chand stopped him. Karim Baksh started attacking Bhai Bidhi Chand forcefully with his sword. Some of his strikes were wasted but one strike was so powerful that Bhai Bidhi Chand's sword broke into two. Bhai Bidhi Chand took the sword of one of the other Sikhs and attacked Karim Baksh and killed him. Karam Chand and Ratan Chand ran away when they saw Karim Baksh counting his last breaths.

Abdullah Khan now thought that by attacking with one or two commanders it would be difficult to fight with Sikhs. So he ordered his whole army to attack together. Abdullah Khan was so disturbed with death of his sons that he fought with extreme power and retaliation that he soon reached the location of the Sikh Guru sahib. At that time Guru Sahib had a "Lakhae Nagarachi" (a spear like weapon) and a Khachar full of arrows" and two Sikhs with him.

The Khan blindly attacked Guru Sahib. Karam Chand and Ratan Chand also reached there to help the Khan. The three Mughal fighters started a attack together with arrows. The Guru had an iron shield which he used very brilliantly to deflect the arrows. However, the horses were dying due to shower of arrows. Karam Chand went near the Guru and tried to attack Guru sahib; Guru ji hit him the sheild which he had with him and he fell unconscious. Then the Guru attacked and killed Ratan Chand with his sword. Abdullah Khan tired attacking again and again but Guru sahib hit him with his [[]]Khanda (double edged sword) and he fall down onto the earth.

Karam Chand regained conciousness and attacked Guru sahib again. Guru ji threw away his shield and fought just with his sword. Karam Chand's sword broke into two; he took another sword and fought again but the second sword also broke into two; simultaneously the Guru's sword also broke. Guru sahib hadn't used the sword of Piri and had hand on hand fight and killed Ratan Chand.

Guru ji uttered Jaikara Jai hoyi Satguru Nanak Dev ji ki (Victory be to the true Guru Nanak). The whole battleground was under the control of the Guru.

Aftermath

Guru Hargobind Sahib rested after the battle and removed his waist Sash,(place present day Damdama). During Evening guru ji went somewhere alone. The whole congregation was tensed, where guru sahib went, and they were not able to found guru in dark, so a Sikh Chaudhary Shia from village send Mashaals(Fire on Wood top) and now they were able to see guru.

Results

Both Ratan Chand and Karam Chand were killed along with Abdullah Khan, his two sons and five of his commanders.

On the Guru sahib's side, Mathura Bhat Ji (son of Baba Bhikha Ji), Bhai Nanu Ji, Bhai Saktu Ji, Bhai Jattu Ji, Bhai Pirana Ji, Bhai Paras Ram Ji, Bhai Jagannath Ji and Bhai Kalyana Ji were martyred.

Guru Sahib made Grave's for Muslims and Drown the Corpse of sikhs in Beas. Abdullah Khan, his two sons and his 5 Senapatis had one grave. After this fight the Sikhi spread in whole doab. The courage of people came out and they became Sikhs and became member of gurus army. The people of Doaba region were thankful for the riddance of the tyranny of the evil minded Abdulah Khan.

The local population was thankful for the riddance of the tyranny of the evil minded Chaudhry and Mughals. They helped the Guru in the construction work of the town which came to be called after the sixth Guru as Sri Hargobindpur.

Reaction of the Mughal Emporer

At the time, Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor, was at Agra. When he heard about the embarrasing defeat of the Moghuls at the hands of the smaler force of Sikhs he ordered his troops to destroy Sri Hargobindpur. But when his son Dara Shikoh and Wazir Khan narrated the true version of the whole story to the emperor, Shah Jahan said that Abdullah Khan had fought this war without any justification and, even worse, without his permission. He then ordered his men to take possession of the property of Abdullah khan. Wazir Khan also told Shah Jahan that Guru Hargobind had ordered his Sikhs to build a mosque in Hargobindpur, as the Muslims of the village were not able to afford one themselves. Shah Jahan was pleased to hear that.

Memorial

There is a historical Gurdwara called Gurdwara Damdama Sahib. At this place Guru HarGobind Sahib rested after the battle and removed his waist band. Four shrines commemorate Guru Hargobind's stay at Ruhela. He built a Ram Temple for Hindus, a Mausque called Guru ki Maseet for Muslims.

   
1. Born 2. Arming and martial training
3. People hostile towards young Guru 4. Bhai Bidhi Chand Chhina
5. Longing for the Guru  6. Akal Takhat
7. Preaching Tours 8. Mata Kaulan
9. Guru's Family 10. Baba Atal Rai
11. Guru at Kiratpur  12. Bhai Gurdas
 13. Bandi Chhor- The Great Deliverer 14. Bibi Bhagbhari
15. Bhai Kattu & G. Hargobind Sahib ji  16. Bhai Bhagatu
17. Miri Piri 18. Religious activities
19. Historical accounts 20. First Battle— Battle of Amritsar
21. Second Battle of Hargobindpur 22. Third Battle— Battle of Gurusar
23. Fourth Battle— Battle of Kartarpur  
   
 
 

 

 

 

GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU. SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty.

GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months. GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him.

On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed. When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released.

Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla). Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released.

Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU.

SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty. GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months.

GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him. On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed.

When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released. Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla).

Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released. Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.

 

Gurudwara Shri Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib Phone Number :  0751-2480040

 

 

Bandi chhorh diwas was the day on which shri guru hargobind sahib ji got released from fort gwalior. And that days falls on "asu di masya" which is still celeberated at gurudwara shri bandi chhorh sahib, gwalior.

 

 

MIRI : The concept is linked to the traditional power enjoyed by kings and ruler where the might of the military resulted in the power and ability to rule or influence the people.

PIRI : The concept of "Piri" is linked to the power enjoyed by religious leaders, church priests, qazis, pandits, etc. to have power or influence over the devotees by way of "spiritual power" or religious power. The words miri and piri are now frequently used together to give the concept promoted by the sixth Guru.

 

 
1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th (Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIB’s.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughter’s money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect one’s hair like GURU’S belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.

1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th(Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIB’s.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughter’s money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect one’s hair like GURU’S belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.