Sakhi Mai Bhag Kaur and the 40 mukte's
Bhag Kaur: As a young girl, she had heard sakhis of Sikh Gurus' and their
disciples (othersikhs). A regular hearing of the sakhis made a deep effect
on her tender heart and inspired her to live a life of a Khalsa Women. She
went to Anandpur Sahib along with his father in 1699 A.D., when Guru Gobind
Singh Sahib ji founded the Khalsa Panth. "She took Amrit and learned the art
of fighting and self defence."
mughals and hilly chiefs had surrounded Anandpur sahib and were demanding it
be evacuated. They called that any Sikh who says that "he/she is not anymore
a Sikh of Guru Gobind" will be left untouched. A group of 40 Sikhs, led by
Mahan Singh told Guru Gobind Singh that they are not his Sikhs anymore. Guru
told them that they have to write it in a document that "they are not his
Sikhs anymore" and sign it. "All forty Sikhs signed this document Bedava and
left Guru Gobind Singh."
Bhag Kaur was distressed to hear that some of the Sikhs of her neighborhood
who had gone to Anandpur to fight for Guru Gobind Singh had deserted him
under adverse conditions. Hearing her taunts, these Sikhs were ashamed at
their deed. Her sharp words awakened the souls of numerous men. she inspired
them to return to the Guru's fold and led them to meet the Guru and seek his
was the consciousness of Mai Bhag Kaur and the Khalsa wives of this 40 Sikhs
what inspired them to return. This Sikh Women would have rather endured all
the worldly hardships than to see their husbands walk away from their
destinies and betray their Guru.
that Wajir Khan was advancing to attack the Guru, Mai Bhago took up
positions along with this forty Sikhs and others at Mukatsar. Meanwhile,
Guru Gobind Singh had to evacuate the fort of Anandpur, The Sahibzada's were
lost in the confusion. Two youngest one's Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh,
went along with their grandmother (mother of Guru Gobind Singh). While elder
one's Ajit Singh and Jhujhar Singh were with their father.
at battle of Chamkaur Guru's elder sons attained martyrdom, Guru was
persuaded by the five Sikhs (Panj Pyaara's ) to evacuate Chamkaur and was
traveling in Malva region, being pursued by Mughal forces of Aurungzeb.
Traveling day and night in the Jungles of Malva region, imperial Mughal
forces were in constant pursuit of Guru. Guru Gobind Singh had reached
village of Khidrana, when Mai Bhag Kaur and the men, she was leading stopped
near the dhab or pool of Khidrana where the imperial army in pursuit of Guru
Gobind Singh had also reached.
challenged the pursuing host and fought furiously forcing it to retreat. All
forty Sikhs attained martyrdom in this pitched battle, in which Guru himself
was supporting them with a shower of arrows from a nearby high ground.
Guruji found all the men except one Mahan Singh, killed when he visited the
battlefield. Mai Bhag Kaur and Guru Gobind Singh ji were the sole survivors
of this fiercely fought battle.
Bhag Kaur showed the bravery by lighting with valour and redeemed the honour
of the faithless forty Sikhs." Mahan Singh, who had been seriously wounded,
requested Guru ji to tear the 'Bedava' on which they had written that they
were no Sikhs of the Guru. The Guru took him into his lap, tore the Bedava
and blessed him. Guru Gobind Singh blessed those forty dead as the Forty
where there is spiritual wisdom, there is righteousness and Dharma.
there is falsehood, there is sin. Where there is greed, there is death.
there is forgiveness, there is God Himself. Bhagat Kabeer,
Guru Granth Sahib ji
the battle was won, Guru Gobind Singh asked Mai Bhag Kaur to go back to her
village. "She told Guru her long cherished desire to become an active saint
soldier in the army of the Guru's." He took into his care Mai Bhag Kaur who
had also suffered injury in the battle. She there after stayed on with Guru
Gobind Singh as one of his bodyguard. After the death of Guru Gobind Singh
at Nanded in 1708, she retired further south.
settled down at Jinvara, 11 km from Bidar in Karnataka where, immersed in
meditation, she lived to attain a ripe old age. Her hut in Jinvara has now
been converted into Gurdwara Tap Asthan Mai Bhag Kaur. At Nanded, too, a
hall within the compound of Takht Sachkhand. Sri Hazur Sahib marking the
site of her residence is known as Bunga Mai Bhag Kaur.
becomes Jivan-mukta - liberated while yet alive, by listening to the Shabad. Living
a truthful way of life, one finds true peace. ||7||"
Shri Guru Granth Sahib ji