His Philosophy (Part-2)
6. Sacred Name/Kirtan
Amardas affirms that the Holy Name is within man himself, but its secret is
imparted to him by the Guru. Kirtan or the singing of the glories of God
disassociated man from his physical environment and takes him to the inner
consciousness. Since Kirtan is nothing but the Holy Name, man feels the
presence of the Guru. Then the Guru takes him to the Shabad and thus the
meditation of the Holy Name produces a inner joy, which is called Amrit rasa
or Har rasa.
"Imbued with the Lord's nectar, I now easily
sing His praise and my tongue utters the Lord's Name".
(Page or Ang. 1049)
"The tongue tastes
the Lord's nectar; the mind is drenched with the Lord's love, and the mortal
medicines on the True Name. The inner well is brimful with the
Lord's ambrosia. Through the Name's meditation,
the tongue draws and drinks it".
Amardas realised that bliss is obtained by singing the Lord's praise and His
"Within the minds of
devotees is bliss. They are imbued with
the love of the True Lord. Night and day, they
ever sing the praises of the Pure One and are easily absorbed in the
"In the minds of such friends of God is bliss. They reflect over the Guru's hymns, They enshrine the Name of their minds,
their pain is dispelled and the Creator blesses them with Divine Light".
Name is the sweetest delicacy. It removes all sorrows. It is the surest way
"O my Soul, supremely sweet is God's Name. It
is the destroyer of sins and fears of millions of births. By the Guru's
grace, the Unique Lord is seen".
"Let some one see and study the Shastras and
Simiritis, Without the Name, none is emancipated".
one must understand the Shabad and reflect on it and put it into practice:
"Within this body are the nine treasures of
the Name and they are attained by reflecting on the Guru's word".
melodies of joy play for one in whose mind the Lord's Name abides".
benefits of meditation on the Holy Name or the singing of hymns are
significant. Firstly, just as soap removes dirt, in the same way, the Holy
Name washes clean the inner consciousness of man. Secondly, it smoothens the
path of Sadhana and helps in the life of service, piety and noble action.
The disciple carries out his daily chores with a sense of peace and joy.
7. Devotion and Humility
is nothing but love and respect for the Guru and the Holy Name. The devotion
finds expression in conduct and action. Look at Guru Amardas' love of Guru
Angad. Even while accidentally stumbling on a stormy wintry night, he minded
the pail of water meant for the bath of his Guru. He thought of his beloved
Guru then, instead of his own fall or injury.
"If one forgets the Beloved for a moment, what
kind of devotional service is it; One whose body and soul are soothed by the
True Name never allows his breath to go to waste".
disciple surrenders his all - body, mind and soul - to the Guru and the
"Surrender your body, soul and wealth to the
Guru and submit to his Will to win the Lord"
8. Divine Grace
God's grace, the devotee's efforts may not succeed. Man does his best to
please the Lord and yet not get near Him. Sikhism is essentially a religion
of grace. Sadhana or spiritual effort or what is called Kamaee has to be
blessed by the Lord in order to bear fruit. Man may sow the seed, water the
plant and supervise the crop, but what harvest can he reap if there is flood
"If an account is called for, by God, who
could satisfy Him ? Accounting cannot
bring any satisfactory result The True Lord Himself grants
pardon and having forgiven blends Himself".
"By God's grace, the mortal serves the Guru
and through God's grace, the service is performed. By God's grace, the mind
is controlled, and by His grace the mind becomes pure".
in His grace can awaken a sleeping mortal and give him enlightenment and
"He who has made the mortal sleep shall awaken
him. By the Guru's instructions he obtains understanding".
the disciple serves the perfect Lord, he gradually imbibes His virtues and
walks in His Way:
"If you walk
according to His Will, you shall be like Him whom you serve".
9. Final Stage : Bliss/Union
Anand Sahab, Guru Amardas has given in detail the gospel of bliss and the
means to achieve it. Firstly, he has pointed to the hurdles that lie in the
way and which have to be crossed. These hurdles are: argumentation, worldly
wisdom, neglect of higher values, ritual, false-hood, hypocrisy, duality,
greed, avarice, ego - in short the manifestations of maya. The
responsibility of the family and professional career and commitment to the
community are real challenges to test the mettle of man. Secondly, the Guru
has mentioned certain positive steps which the disciple has to take in order
to develop his spiritual side.
association with the Guru, the sincerity of Sadhana, selfless service the
company of the holy, the performance of, or listening to Kirtan or Gurbani,
the relish of Nam rasa, the direction of organs of perception and organs of
action like eyes, ears, the tongue and others to higher goals, and finally
the acceptance of God's Will are some of the necessary steps towards the
earning of God's grace. When the Sahaj stage or Dasam duaror Tunya is
attained, all sorrows and maladies vanish, the fear of death is overcome and
divine melody is heard within, and ineffable joy is experienced. The devotee
shines with an inner radiance and wisdom which make him feel the presence of
God within himself.
is Jiwan-mukt - liberated while alive - and he merges in the Ocean of Bliss:
"Some rare Guru - ward becomes emancipated in
life He easily blends with Him, the True God".
in the Infinite is the final goal of human life. It is difficult to describe
this condition. Like a dumb man who cannot tell the taste of a sweet fruit
after eating it, the devotee - intoxicated with the divine nectar - cannot
depict the state of bliss, because it is beyond the experience of the
"He who soars above the nine gates (organs)
and hears the playing of the celestial melody in the Tenth gate is
"Their hearts remain
saturated with God's elixir and their mental pride is destroyed; Their
mind-lotus blooms and their meditation is dissolved in the Lord".
Amardas relates his own experience of the state of beatitude in the
"There, one neither sleeps nor hungers; he
lives in peace in the true Nectar - Name of God; Nanak says, pain and
pleasure cling not to man; there is the illumination of the All-Pervading