His Philosophy (Part-1)
Amardas laid down the universal highway for every seeker of Truth. In this
connection, I have given in this section quotations from the hymns of the
Third Guru. Guru Amardas learnt the Sikh way of life from his predecessors
and emphasised the important role of the Guru in guiding the discipline.
Fortunately, we have now the permanent guidance of Sri Guru Granth Sahab
which contains the message and the instructions of the Gurus.
to Guru Amardas, the Guru is a kind of boat or ship to ferry man across the
world's tempestuous ocean, or a ladder for spiritual ascent Guru Amardas
says in this connection:
with the Name, the True Guru is the ship in the Dark
(Page or Ang. 552)
"By serving the Guru, man saves his capital; the Guru is a ladder or boat of salvation. Nanak says, he who loves God
receives the quintessence.
The true Lord is attained through the true mind."
Guru destroys the disciple's ego through humility and service:
"Nanak says, by
meeting the True Guru, man's self-will is destroyed,
the True Lord comes to dwell in his mind".
the Guru, man cannot perform Bhakti
and cannot love the Holy Word".
"Divine knowledge and the jewel of Naam are
obtained from the Guru; after subduing desire, the mind remains stable
Guru holds the key to the spiritual treasure. Guru Amardas says in his
"In the True Guru's
hand is the key. None else can open
the door. By perfect good
luck, the Guru is met".
accumulated and vices disappear. With the Guru's
help, one merges in the Holy Word".
on the Three-fold aspect of the Guru - God, the perfect man, the Shabad (Gurbani)
- Guru Amardas concludes that all the three constitute a single Reality:
"There is one Bani (divine gospel) uttered by
the only Guru and one Shabad (Holy
Name) to reflect upon".
"Everyone talks of bliss, but bliss is obtained through the Guru".
"The perfect Guru showed me the Lord, and
through the Guru's hymns, I realised him".
Guru also teaches the disciple the true way of service of all creation,
without any show or motive. The disciple must submit himself to the guidance
and the will of the Guru:
"When one does the service of the Guru, the
mind becomes pure and finds refuge in the true Home".
"Through the service of the Guru, one gets
real happiness, which cannot be found anywhere else".
says, if one follows the will of the Guru, one naturally merges in the
Guru recognised the validity of all religions and revelations and prayed for
"O God, do save this
burning world through Thy Grace, Save it by whatever
way it can be saved".
men and women are equal, because they are the creation of the Lord:
"From the Unique Lord come all forms and
colours. The air, water and
fire are kept together amongst all."
"The whole world is
made out of one clay, but the Potter has
fashioned it into vessels of many kinds".
Holy Company (SadhSangat)
Company of the pious is beneficial to the disciple for his spiritual
progress. The Guru calls mammon a snake and holy-men snake charmers. In the
society of saints, man learns Sadhana (spiritual practice) and the secret or
technique of Naam Simaron (Remembrance of the Holy Name). God's elixir is
relished in the saint's congregation. The company of like minded pious
persons strengthens the devotee's conviction and provides him a lot of moral
support in his spiritual effort. Guru Amardas says in this connection:
dear saints, let us speak of the gospel of the Ineffable God"
the Sikh leads a family life, his mind does not get involved in worldly
matters. He does not renounce the world, but rather its worldliness and
mammon. Guru Amardas describes the life of the Gurmukh (God-orientated
person) in the following words:
"The Guru-orientated becomes desireless
and attain to supreme bliss.
In house-hold, they
remain unattached and imbibe affection for the Lord. Sorrow and
separation cling not to them and they remain happy in the
Lord's Will. Nanak says, they ever remain imbued with their
God and He blends them with Himself".
The disciple does actions but they are done
without the ego or the self and as such, these "detached" actions brings no
"He alone is above actions who reflects over
the Guru's hymns. Within his mind is the divine knowledge and thereby he
effaces his ego".