Establishment of Manji System
Guru's following increased considerably. Steps were taken to organize the
scattered congregation into a unified whole which was called Manji system.
His whole spiritual domain took the shape of 22 Manjis (dioceses). It was so
named because the in charge of a Manji sat on a cot (called Manji in
Punjabi) to deliver the message of the Guru. The in charge of each and every
Manji was a devoted Sikh who was blessed by the Guru before he was appointed
to that position. His function was to preach the mission of the Guru, to
keep the Sangat (congregation) in touch with the Guru and he was also
responsible for the offerings of the Sikhs which they made in token of their
reverence to the Guru. The following were the twenty-two Manjis:
1. Alayar Alayar also called Allah Shah was a Pathan trader
whose story has been given earlier, became Guru's Sikh and was entrusted
with the first Manji to spread Sikh faith.
2. Sachan Sach He was a Brahman from Mandar village in Lahore
district. He always used the word 'Sachan Sach' and so he was called Sachan
Sach. One of the queens of Raja of Haripur became insane, and by the grace
of the Guru, she recovered her sanity. The Guru married her to Sachan Sach.
The couple preached Sikhism.
3. Sadharan He was an inhabitant of Goindwal and was given a
Manji for his devotion to the Guru.
4. Sawan Mal He was a nephew of Guru Amar Das. The Guru sent
him to Haripur in Kangra district to procure timber for the construction of
houses in Goindwal. Sawan Mal propagated Sikh gospel in that area.
5. Sukhan He was an inhabitant of Dhamian village in Rawalpindi
district. He preached Sikhism in that area.
6. Handal He was from Jandiala village in Amritsar district. He
rendered great service in Guru's kitchen.
7. Kedari Bhai Kedari was an inhabitant of Batala in Gurdaspur
district. He was a very famous devotee of the Guru.
8. Kheda He was from Khemkaran village in Lahore district. He
was a devotee of Durga goddess before he became Guru's Sikh.
9. Gangushah He was an inhabitant of Garh Shankar. The Guru
sent him to preach Sikhism in Sarmaur state.
10. Darbari Bhai Darbari was from Majitha village in Amritsar
11. Paro Bhai Paro was a Sikh of Guru Angad. He was an
inhabitant of Dalla. His devotion got him the eleventh Manji.
12. Phera Bhai Phera was an inhabitant of Mirpur in Jammu area.
He was a disciple of the Jogis before he became Guru Amar Das's Sikh. He
preached Sikhism in that hilly area.
13. Bua Bhai Bua became Guru's Sikh and was blessed with Nam,
the fragrance of which he spread around his area.
14. Beni He was a learned Pandit of Chunian in Lahore district.
He was proud of his knowledge of Hindu Shastras and he defeated many in the
debate of that knowledge. When he came to Goindwal, he fell on the feet of
the Guru and became his Sikh. The Guru entrusted him with the fourteenth
15. Mahesa He was an inhabitant of Sultanpur and he performed
missionary work in that area.
16. Mai Das Mai Das's story has been given in the previous
pages. He preached Sikhism in Majha area.
17. Manak Chand His reference has been made in the previous
pages. When he was drowned in the Bawli and then revived by the Guru, the
Sikhs called him Marjiwra- the revived after death. His generation is called
Marjiwre in Vairowal village in Amritsar district. Manak Chand was made a
spiritual guide to Mai Das by the Guru.
18. Murari He was an inhabitant of Khai village in Lahore
district. His original name Prema and he was a leper. He heard about Guru
Amar Das and came crawling all the way to Goindwal. By the grace of the
Guru, he was fully healed. He was renamed as Murari. The Guru married him to
Matho, daughter of Bhai Sihan. He was then sent out as one of the itinerant
preachers of the Guru's gospel.
19. Raja Ram He was a Brahman. He became Guru's Sikh. His
generation now lives in Sandhma village of Jullundhur district.
20. Rang Shah He was an inhabitant of Malupote village in
Jullundhur district. He propagated Guru's faith in Doaba area.
21. Rang Das He was from Gharooan village (near Kharar) now in
22. Lalo He was an inhabitant of Dalla and was a famous Vaid
(doctor). He became Guru's Sikh and preached Guru's gospel.
Amar Das established another organization called Piri system. The incharges
of the Piris were ladies whose objective was to lit the flame of Guru's word
and spread the fragrance of Nam among women. Bibi Bhani, Bibi Dani and Bibi
Pal were some of the most revered incharges of the different Piris. Guru
Amar Das gave authority and power to 146 of his apostles to go to various
parts of the country and unfold the glory of Nam. Out of these 146 persons,
94 were men and 52 were women. They were all glowing with Nam and filled
with Divine Spirit.