5. Gurbaani Raag Gujri

The name "Gujari" probably refers to the state of Gujarat. This ragawas in existence at the time of Raja Man Singh of Gwahor (1486-1517) who lived at a time of high musical achievement and referred to this raga in his writings about music. Gujari is rarely used as a concert raga today and little is known about its form. In modern times it has been supplanted by Gujari-Todi. In the Ragmaala, Gujari is listed as a ragini of Raga Dipak. Today Gujari-Todi belongs to the Todi thala. GujariTodi may be performed during any season of the year and is assigned to the early morning hours. It produces a mood of thoughtfulness that reaches deep into the heart. Texts set to this raga strip away all subterfuge and make man see himself as he is and search within for the truth. While not one of the most frequently used ragas, Gujari was the setting for compositions by Guru Nanak, Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, and Guru Arjan.

Aroh  Sa Re _Ga M'a Dha Ni Sa

Avroh  Sa Ni Dha M'a Ga Re, Ga Re Sa

Pakar  Sa Dha, Ma, Dha Ni Sa, Ni Dha M'a Ga, Re, Ga Re Sa

Savar  Re Ga Dha M'a

Vadi  Dha

Samvadi  Re


Raga Gujri is an old raga and is popular to sing devotional hymns. It is a very melodious raga. It has been given varied status by different schools of music. Some schools call it a consort of raga Bhairo while others call it a consort of raga Megh, still others call it a consort of raga Deepak and many call it a consort of raga Sri. According to Guru Granth Sahib's ragamala it is a consort of raga Deepak. In the Sikh encyclopaedia of Bhai Kahn Singh it has been linked with raga Todi. The Pastik School of Music has given 9 forms of this raga :

The notes of this raga are :

Arohi (ascending scale) - sa re ga ma dha ni sa (omitted note is -pa)
Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni dha ma ga re sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 'dha' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'ra'
This raga is recommended to be sung at the fourth part of the day i.e., from 3pm - 6 p.m.. The season of its recitation is rainy (varsha) i.e., during July - August. In the Sikh tradition this raga is also sung in the second part of the day. In Guru Granth Sahib hymns composed in this raga are on pages 489-526 (37pages).

The Composers  

The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:


Bhagats :