29. Gurbaani Raag Kalyaan
The Indian Sanskrit name for this raga is Kalyan and the Persian is Yuman. In the Ragmala, Kalian is the son of Dipak while today it is the head of the Kalian thata. It is performed during the first part of the night and is considered a blessing bringing all good into one's life. Guru Ram Das and Guru Arjan composed 23 hymns to this raga. The texts exalt the far-reaching and all-pervading power of the Lord. In the Holy Book the only raga variant given is Bhopali (Bhupali).
Aroh Ni Re Ga, tif'a Pa, Dha, Ni Sa .
Avroh Sa Ni Dha, Pa, M'a Ga, Re Sa
Pakar Ni Re Ga, Re Sa, Pa M'a Ga, Re Sa
It is a very famous raga. Its form is very beautiful and melodious. It is a raga of Kalyan thata.
There are 14 variations of this raga:
1. Shudh Kalyan
2. Eaemen Kalyan
3. Bhopal Kalyan
4. Puria Kalyan
5. Hamir Kalyan
6. Khem Kalyan
7. Sanvri Kalyan
8. Sayam Kalyan
9. Kamodhi Kalyan
10. Nut Kalyan
11. Home Kalyan
12. Jaet Kalyan
13. Nayki Kalyan
14. Binod Kalyan
This raga is mentioned as a son of of raga Deepak in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.
The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:
Arohi (ascending scale) - sa, ni re ga ma pa, dha ni sa
Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni dha pa, ma ga re sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 'ga' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'pa'.
This raga is sung in the fourth part of the day i.e., 3 p.m. 6 p.m. The season of its recitation is rainy (varsha) i.e., during July-August. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 1319 - 1326 (8 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:
Guru Arjan Dev