Gurbaani Raag Malaar/Malhaar
(MALLAR or MALHAR) Malar is one of the rainy-season ragas performed from
June to September. During the monsoons, Malar can be sung at any time of the
day or night; otherwise, it is designated for late evening or early morning.
Its mood is joyful because the rains cause the crops to grow and the flowers
to bloom. Malar is frequently combined with other ragas, particularly Megha.
Tansen added some changes to Malhar and this raga is known as Mian ki Malhar.
In the Ragmala, Gaund-Malar is described as a ragini of Megha and is the
only one with a Malhar name. Today the Malhar ragas are assigned to the Kafi
thata. A favourite of Hindu musicians, Malhar was used by Guru Nanak, Guru
Angad, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, and Guru Arjan. The pure Malhar is
seldom performed today, and it might be heard in one of its combinations.
Sa, Re Ga Ma, Ma Re Pa, Ni Dha Ni Sa
Sa, Dha Ni Pa, 'via Ga Ma, Re Sa
Sa Re Ga Ma, Ma Re Pa, Dha Ni Pa, Ma Re Sa
is a very serene raga. It helps to create a congenial atmosphere and spreads
the fragrance of love, unity and divinity
This raga is mentioned as first ragini of of
raga Meg in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.
The scale and notes of the raga are as
Arohi (ascending scale) - sa re ga ma, ma re
pa, ni dha ni sa
Avrohi (descending scale) - sa, dha ni pa, ma
ga ma, re sa ma re sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 'ma' and
samvadi (second most popular) note is 'sa'.
raga is sung in the third part of the night i.e., 12 a.m. 3 a.m. The season
of its recitation is rainy (varsha) i.e., during July - August. In Guru
Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 1254 - 1293 ( 40 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga