27. Gurbaani Raag Malaar/Malhaar

MALAR (MALLAR or MALHAR) Malar is one of the rainy-season ragas performed from June to September. During the monsoons, Malar can be sung at any time of the day or night; otherwise, it is designated for late evening or early morning. Its mood is joyful because the rains cause the crops to grow and the flowers to bloom. Malar is frequently combined with other ragas, particularly Megha.

Tansen added some changes to Malhar and this raga is known as Mian ki Malhar. In the Ragmala, Gaund-Malar is described as a ragini of Megha and is the only one with a Malhar name. Today the Malhar ragas are assigned to the Kafi thata. A favourite of Hindu musicians, Malhar was used by Guru Nanak, Guru Angad, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, and Guru Arjan. The pure Malhar is seldom performed today, and it might be heard in one of its combinations.

Aroh  Sa, Re Ga Ma, Ma Re Pa, Ni Dha Ni Sa

Avroh  Sa, Dha Ni Pa, 'via Ga Ma, Re Sa

Pakar  Sa Re Ga Ma, Ma Re Pa, Dha Ni Pa, Ma Re Sa

Vadi  Ma

Samvadi  Sa


It is a very serene raga. It helps to create a congenial atmosphere and spreads the fragrance of love, unity and divinity

This raga is mentioned as first ragini of of raga Meg in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.

The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:

Arohi (ascending scale) - sa re ga ma, ma re pa, ni dha ni sa

Avrohi (descending scale) - sa, dha ni pa, ma ga ma, re sa ma re sa

The vadi (most popular) note is 'ma' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'sa'.

This raga is sung in the third part of the night i.e., 12 a.m. 3 a.m. The season of its recitation is rainy (varsha) i.e., during July - August. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 1254 - 1293 ( 40 pages).

The Composers

The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are: