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 MP-3 Shri Guru Granth Sahib ji                 Translation in English                31, Raags of Gurbaani

 
   

26. Gurbaani Raag Saarang

Saarang is reputed to have acquired its name from the famous 14th century music theorist, Sarangadeva. The Sarang raga consists of a group of seven, each of which is combined with some other raga. Today when Sarangg is given as the raga, it usually means Brindavani-Saranga, a member of the Kafi thata. Performed during the midday period, its mood is quiet and peaceful. In the Ragmala, Sarang is listed as a putra (son) of Siri Raga. Sarang is an important raga in the Guru Granth Sahib and was used extensively by Guru Arjan. However, Guru Nanak, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das and Guru Tegh Bahadur also composed sabdas to this raga and Guru Angad used it for some slokas.

Aroh  Sa Re Ma Pa Ni Sa

Avroh  Sa Ni Pa Ma Re, Sa

Pakar  Ni Sa Re, Nfa Re, Pa Nfa Re, Ni Sa

Vadi  Re

Samvadi  Pa

Introduction  

According to Indian Schools of music this raga is a very old, popular, simple and melodious raga. Its effect is very cool, so it is normally sung at noon time to give to the listeners a cooling effect. The snake-charmers also use this raga to intoxicate poisonous snakes with its melody. This raga is sung in many variations e.g.,

  • 1. Sadh Sarang

  • 2. Madhmad Sarang

  • 3. Bindrabani Sarang

  • 4. Lankdehan Sarang

  • 5. Mia ki Sarang

  • 6. Gaund Sarang

  • 7. Jaldhar Sarang

  • 8. Surdasi Sarang

  • 9. Nur Sarang

  • 10. Samant Sarang

  • 11. Wadhans Sarang

  • This raga is mentioned as a son of raga Sri in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.

    The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:

    Arohi (ascending scale) - sa re ma pa ni sa

    Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni pa ma re sa

    The wadi. (most popular) note is 're' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'pa'.

    This raga is normally sung in the second part of the day i.e., 9 a.m. 12 noon. The season of its recitation is rainy (varsha) i.e., during July - August. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 1197 - 1253 ( 57 pages).

    The Composers

    The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:

    Gurus

  • Guru Nanak Dev

  • Guru Angad

  • Guru Amardas

  • Ramdas

  • Guru Arjan Dev

  • Guru Teg Bahadur

  • Bhagats 

  • Kabir

  • Namdev

  • Ravidas

  • Parmanand

  • Surdas

  •    
      1. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Srirag"   2. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Majh"
      3. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Gauri"   4. "Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Aasa"
      5. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Gujri"   6. Gurbaani "Raag DayvGandhaari"
      7. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Bihagara"   8. Raag of Gurbani "Raag Wadahans"
      9. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Sorathi"  10. Raag of Gurbani "Raag Dhanasri"
    11. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Jaitsree"  12. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Todi"
    13. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Bairari"  14. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Tilang"
    15. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Suhi"  16. Raag of Gurbani "Raag Bilaawal"
    17. Raag of Gurbaani "Rjaag Gond"  18. Gurbaani "Raag Raamkalee"
     19. Raag of Gurbani "Raag Nut Narain"  20. Gurbaani "Raag Mali Gaura"
     21. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Maru"  22. Raag of Gurbani "Raag Tukhari"
     23. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Kedara"  24. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Bhairav"
     25. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Basant"  26. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Sarang"
     27. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Malar"  28. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Kanara"
     29. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Kalyan"  30. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag Prabhati"
     31. Raag of Gurbaani "Raag JaiJawanti"  
       
     
     

     

     

     

    GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU. SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty.

    GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

    GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

    He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months. GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him.

    On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed. When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released.

    Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla). Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released.

    Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU.

    SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty. GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

    GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

    He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months.

    GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him. On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed.

    When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released. Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla).

    Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released. Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.

     

    Gurudwara Shri Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib Phone Number :  0751-2480040

     

     

    Bandi chhorh diwas was the day on which shri guru hargobind sahib ji got released from fort gwalior. And that days falls on "asu di masya" which is still celeberated at gurudwara shri bandi chhorh sahib, gwalior.

     

     

    MIRI : The concept is linked to the traditional power enjoyed by kings and ruler where the might of the military resulted in the power and ability to rule or influence the people.

    PIRI : The concept of "Piri" is linked to the power enjoyed by religious leaders, church priests, qazis, pandits, etc. to have power or influence over the devotees by way of "spiritual power" or religious power. The words miri and piri are now frequently used together to give the concept promoted by the sixth Guru.

     

     
    1. Earn your living by honest means.

    2.  Impart the 10th (Tenth) part of your earnings.

    3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

    4. Wake up early in the morning.

    5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

    6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

    7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

    8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

    9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

    10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

    11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

    12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

    13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

    14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

    15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

    16. Not to abuse any woman.

    17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

    18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

    19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

    20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

    21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

    22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

    23. To think pure and high.

    24. To be part of auspicious work.

    25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

    26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

    27. To be independent.

    28. To get knownledge of politics.

    29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

    30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

    31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

    32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

    33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

    34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

    35. To keep your head covered.

    36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

    37. Not to consume Liquor.

    38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

    39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

    40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

    41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

    42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIBís.

    43. To keep your words.

    44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

    45. It is a sin to use daughterís money.

    46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

    47. To be a surd, to respect oneís hair like GURUíS belongings.

    48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

    49. To trust a Gursikh.

    50. Not to be a fake witness.

    51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

    52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.

    1. Earn your living by honest means.

    2.  Impart the 10th(Tenth) part of your earnings.

    3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

    4. Wake up early in the morning.

    5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

    6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

    7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

    8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

    9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

    10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

    11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

    12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

    13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

    14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

    15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

    16. Not to abuse any woman.

    17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

    18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

    19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

    20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

    21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

    22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

    23. To think pure and high.

    24. To be part of auspicious work.

    25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

    26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

    27. To be independent.

    28. To get knownledge of politics.

    29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

    30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

    31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

    32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

    33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

    34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

    35. To keep your head covered.

    36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

    37. Not to consume Liquor.

    38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

    39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

    40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

    41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

    42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIBís.

    43. To keep your words.

    44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

    45. It is a sin to use daughterís money.

    46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

    47. To be a surd, to respect oneís hair like GURUíS belongings.

    48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

    49. To trust a Gursikh.

    50. Not to be a fake witness.

    51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

    52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.