20. Gurbaani Raag Maali Gaura
Gaura is listed in the Ragmala as a putra (son) of Dipak, but not Mali Gaura. Currently classified under the Marva thata, Mali Gaura is performed in the evening at sunset. In recent years it is rarely heard in concert. Guru Ram Das and Guru Arjan composed to this raga 14 hymns included in the Holy Book.
Aroh Sa Re Sa Ni Dha Sa Re Ga NI'a Pa, Dha Ni Dha Sa
Avroh Sa Ni Dha Pa, M'a Ni Dha M'a Ga, Re Sa
According to Indian Schools of music this raga is a complete raga of Marwa thaht. This raga is a mixture of raga Mali and raga Gaura. It is classified as a son of raga Malkaus. It is an ancient raga, its description is not available in the modern music books.
This raga is not included in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.
The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:
Arohi (ascending scale) - sa re ga ma ga pa dha ni sa
Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni dha pa ma ga re sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 're' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'dha'.
This raga is sung at the third part of the day i.e., from 12 noon to 3 p.m. The season of its recitation is winter (sharad) i.e., during October, November. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 984- 988 (5 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:
Guru Arlan Dev