18. Gurbaani Raag Raamkali
Ramkali is not given in the Ragmala but is one of the most important rdgas of the Guru Granth Sahib. All Gurus, including Guru Tegh Bahadur, have composed verses to this rdga. The total number of sabdas comes to over three hundred. Ramkali is a morning rdga performed after sunrise usually during the hot season. The mood is such as to inspire lofty thoughts. In the Guru Granth Sahib, a number of hymns in Rainkah expound True Yoga and other spiritual issues. Some celebrated compositions such as Sidha Gosti, Anandu, Sadd, Oarikdr and the Vdr by Satta and Balvand are composed to this raga. Some of the verses also contain analogies to music and musical instruments. Four forms of this raga are recognized, although only two are in general use today. The raga belongs to the Bhairav thata.
Aroh Sa Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa
Avroh Sa Ni Dha Pa, M'a Pa Dha Ni _Dha Pa, Ga Ma Re Sa
Pakar Dha Pa, Ma Pa, Dha Ni Dha Pa, Ga, Ma Re Sa
According to one school of thought this raga is a ragini of Bhairav thath. This raga is not mentioned in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.
The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:
Arohi (ascending scale) - sa re ga ma ga pa dha sa
Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni dha, ni dha pa, ma ga, re sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 'pa' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'sa '.
This raga is sung at the first part of the day i.e., from 6 a.m. to 9 a..m. The season of its recitation is spring (basant) i.e., during February, March. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 876 - 974 (99 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:
Guru Arjan Dev
Guru Tegh Bahadur
Satta & Balwand