17. Gurbaani Raag Gond/Gaund
The Ragmala records Gaund and Gund as putras (sons) of Siri Raga, but does not give Gond. The possibility exists that Gone is a regional raga derived from that group of ragas with similar names and characterized by phrases from other ragas e.g. Bilaval, Kanara and Malar. Such names as Gattnda, Gand, Gounda, Gaundi, Goundgiri, and Gunda appear in classifications from the 11 th to the 17th centuries. For those still known today (Gaudi, Goundgiri, and Goud) performance rules are obscure. Performance time is late afternoon or early evening and the mood is contemplative and dignified. Gond was used by Guru Ram Das and Guru Arjan (29 hymns). The texts beseech man to depend solely on the Lord for all benefits since it is He who has given him all his blessings.
Aroh Sa Re Ga Ma, Pa Dha Ni Dha Ni Sa
Avroh Sa Ni Dha Ni Dha Pa, Ma Ga, Re Sa
Pakar Re Ga Ma, Pa Ma, Ma Pa Ni Dha Ni Dha Ni Sa, Ni Dha Ni Pa, Dha Ma
This raga is a very old raga. In religious music it is sung in conjunction with raga Bilawal and is known as 'Bilawal Gaund'.
This raga is mentioned as a son of rag Sri in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.
The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:
Arohi (ascending scale) - sa re ga ma pa dha ni dha ni sa
Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni dha ni pa ma ga, re sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 'sa' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'ma'.
This raga is sung at the third part of the day i.e., from 12.00 noon. to 3 p..m. The season of its recitation is winter (hement) i.e., during November, December. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 859 - 875 (17 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:
Guru Arjan Dev