14. Gurbaani Raag Tilang
Favoured by Muslims, this raga occurs in the Ragmala as a ragini of Hindol. Today, it belongs to the Khamaj thata. Tilarig was used by Guru Nanak (6 hymns), Guru Ram Das (3), Guru Arjan (5), Guru Tegh Bahadur (3), Kabir (1) and Namdev (2) for a total of 20 hymns. Tilang is performed at night and has a calm and pleasing mood. In the texts composed for this raga, the question is asked why man should cling to all the evils of this life when Guru Nanak has shown the wav to true happiness and fulfilment.
Aroh Sa Ga Ma Pa Ni Sa :
Avroh Sa Ni Pa Ma Ga Sa
According to Mahan Kosh of Kahn Singh Nabha, raga Tilang belongs to Bilawal thath. This raga is also called raga Trikiling and Triling associating it with three Shivlings found at mountains Shail, Kalesar and Bhimeser in Southern India. According to Hanumant School of music it is a ragini of raga Hindol.
This raga is included in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.
The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:
Arohi (ascending scale) - sa ga ma pa ni sa
Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni pa ma ga sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 'ga' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'na'.
This raga is sung at the third part of the day i.e., from 12 a.m. to 3 p.m. The season of its recitation is rainy (varsha) i.e., during July and Agust. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 721 - 727( 7 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:
Guru Arjan Dev
Guru Tegh Bahadar