12. Gurbaani Raag Todi
A ragini of Dipak in the Ragmala, Todi is today the head of a thata. It is considered one of the most important of the north Indian ragas. Todi was used by the Gurus for 32 hymns. This is a raga for the late morning hours and the mood is gentle, with an aura of adoration. The texts composed to this raga emphasize that no matter what problems man meets or what worldly affairs distract the mind, devotion to the Lord brings one back to the path of release from worldliness.
Aroh Sa Re _Ga M'a Pa _Dha Ni Sa
Avroh Sa Ni Dha Pa NI'a Ga _Re Sa
Pakar _Dha Ni Sa, Re Ga, Re Sa, M'a _Ga Pa M'a Ga, _Re _Ga _Re _Sa
Raga Todi, which comes under Todi that, is one of the most exalted ragas of Northern India. It is classified as a ragini of a combination of raga Dhanasri, Asawari and Khat. It is mentioned as a consort of Raga Bhairo in Nad-Binod, consort of Malkaus in Sur-Tal group, consort of raga Deepak in Budh Prakash-Darpan and consort of raga Basant in Shivmat The mood of this raga is very tender and compassionate.
In the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib it is mentioned as a consort of raga Deepak.
The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:
Arohi (ascending scale) - ni re ga ma dha ni sa
Avrohi (descending scale) - ni dha pa ma dha ma ga ma ga re sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 'dha' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'ga'
This raga is sung at the first part of the day i.e., from 6 a.m. to 9 a.m. The season of its recitation is winter (shisher) i.e., during December and January. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 711- 718 (8 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:
Guru Arjan Dev
Guru Tegh Bahadur