Question & Answer-31
655. What is the fate of those who fail to deserve God's grace ?
who fail to deserve God's grace suffer from all worldly sins and suffer
deprivation of grace and blissful contacts of the company of saints in this
world. The results of their egoistic propensities so poison their soul that
they get into the endless cycle of birth and death and cease their
wanderings only when they meet a true preceptor, repent on their wanderings
only when they meet a true preceptor, repent on thier sins and deserve God's
Guru's instruction opens the soul's eyes to the true reality and enables
them to see the Lord. God speaks to the true reality and enables them to see
the Lord. God speaks to the devotees through the Guru and arouses their
souls to true spiritual effort.
656. Was Guru Nanak God ?
religious leaders were men sent by God to do His work of saving the world
from sin and imparting knowledge about God and the best way of leading the
life. According to Sikhism God is never born and He never dies. Men of God
like Guru Nanak are so near to the Lord that there is not much difference
between the Lord and His messengers.
say that any religious messenger was God is heresy. No Guru claimed to be
God and yet all those who met or heard the Gurus in person said that the
Gurus were "God in human form." The Bhatt's for instance wrote:
"God Himself assumed the form of Nanak And existed on this Earth. The invisible became visible to the world."
is because the Bhatts found the Gurus perfect human beings worthy of
the highest regard and out of respect differentiated them from the rest of
mankind. Just as a personal secretary knows the officer so do the Gurus
claim to know God, and whatever they have said and left for us is nothing
short of the Lord's commands conveyed to us through them:-
"I know not how to speak Lord, I have only conveyed your orders."
the Gurus are not amongst us in human form but their word is making them
re-live as such. The Guru's mind is open to us through the word and that is
why the last of the Gurus declared that after him the faithful will call the
Holy Book their Guru. Those who want to see the Guru are asked to read,
understand and act upon the Guru's word contained in the Holy Granth.
657. Is it necessary to have a Guru ?
Almost all religions agree on the necessity of a religious guide or
preceptor. Like all temporal knowledge, ecclesiastical knowledge is
difficult to obtain without the help of a teacher. What is quite often
forgotten is the fact that it is not the teacher or the guide who is
important but his word, and the philosophy he teaches through it.
Sikhism, therefore, the authority of the Guru was vested in the Holy Granth
after Guru Gobind Singh, the last Guru of the Sikhs, left this world for his
heavenly abode in 1708. Thus in the Holy Granth the personal Guru became the
impersonal. This impersonal Guru, the vehicle of the philosophy of Sikhism,
presides over all Sikh gatherings and for the Sikhs it is a necessity
because the Guru says :
"As water is contained in an earthen pitcher Although the pitcher itself owes its existence to it, So is human mind disciplined with knowledge And knowledge is impossible without a Guru."