Question & Answer-30
650. What is the conception of God in Sikhism ?
to Sikhism the very first and primal definition of God is Truth. He is
eternal, infinite and omnipresent. He is the creator and is free from birth
and death. He can be realised by acting upon the advice of the true Guru,
who offers the devotee the wealth of true name instead of asking him to
praise the Guru.
has no special temple and has no chosen people. His gifts and bounties are
showered equally on all. His abode is the heart of each living person and He
resides on the lips of the saints who sing nothing but His praises. He is
love and expects the whole creation to act in His own love.
What is the Sikh idea of the birth of our universe ?
to Sikhism (see Maru Solhe) there was darkness everywhere and the earth, the
sun, the moon, the days and the nights did not exist. Only the Omnipotent
prevailed in the Sun (Vacuum-zero). There was no sound, no air, no water, no
birth, no death, no planets. Then He willed and out of the word expressing
His will, the universe came into existence as a hot nebula spinning out
different planets and then :
"The True Lord created air, Air gave birth to water, Water brought forth
life And He
Himself is in all the creation."
652. What is the Sikh idea of the reality of the universe ?
universe comes into existence through God's creative power (Maya) and it
ceases to exist at His will. All that He has created is perfect according to
His laws and has been created and recreated time and again. Nothing, except
Him, is eternal, though the duration of the existence of some matter is
inconceivably long as understood with the limited faculties of the human
to Guru Gobind Singh it is 'a play' and exists only until He brings 'the
play' to an end. Since the universe is created by the true Lord, we can say
that it is a real expression of His supreme reality and is real. But as it
comes and vanishes at His Will, it has no infinite or independent existence.
It is like the shadow of a cloud or the bubble on the surface of water.
much involvement in the creation rather than the creator is a sin because it
turns human beings away from the service of God. Involvement in the service
of self in turn produces egoism. There is no devil in Sikhism but too much
involvement in God. It is a human failing and therefore unlike the legendary
devil can never challenge God's omnipotence.
What is the reality of the human soul ?
human soul is a part of the universal all-embracing soul. Like sparks
arising from the fire or the waves arising from an ocean, the human soul
emanates from God at His will. As water in the well, in the ocean or in the
clouds has the same composition and the same properties so have all souls
the same attributes.
assumed a material body the soul has got unduly attached to the pleasures of
flesh and thus developed different likes, dislikes, failings and
propensities human differences and the universality of the human soul
remains clouded from the human eye. When human beings learn to serve God and
always keep His presence in mind, doing actions in His will and to His
glory, then they develop the Godly traits of love, service, humility,
gentleness, courage and honesty.
developed these qualities, the devotee deserves and yearns for His Grace
which unites him with God. This process becomes very simple and easy under
the expert guidance of the Guru who, by example and precept awakens true
spiritual vision in the heart of the devotee, frees him from ego, dispels
his ignorance and unites him with the Lord.
654. Do the Sikhs believe in transmigration of soul ?
Sikhs believe in the evolution of soul. The good or bad deeds done by any
person affect his soul and cause it to have some characteristics peculiar to
it. These characteristics determine the future course of the soul. Thieves,
for instance, rarely desist from theft because of the inclinations of their
soul created by frequent acts of theft.
the Sikhs believe that a soul never dies so the effects of the actions
follow the soul like a shadow. According to Sikhism salvation or deliverance
from these impressions can be obtained through good deeds as well as by the
grace of God's name. Guru Nanak explains this point clearly as follows :
mind is the paper on which are recorded our deeds good and bad, as
the course of our cumulative actions dictate. But
the Almighty is merciful for He can turn dross into gold and
extinguish all our passions, and wanderings."
Sikhs do not believe in predestined or pre ordained course of the soul. Our
present action coupled with God's grace can change the course and set us on
a new road. The sum total of our present actions can over-ride the past
impressions and efface them altogether.
or sin, therefore, is in the hands of the individuals. In the company of
saints and by acting on the Guru's advice, the Sikhs change the course of
their soul and as Bhai Gurdas
puts it: "Take the high way and avoid narrow lanes." The whole idea is
summed up by Guru Nanak in Japji as follows :
"We so not become saints or sinners By merely saying that we are: It is the actions that are recorded. According to the seed we sow, is the fruit we reap. By God's grace, O Nanak; Man must either be saved or transmigrate."
order to deserve God's grace, the Guru outlines the course of eradicating
lust, anger, greed, infatuation and ego, and act in His will remembering Him
every moment of life. The householder deserves grace as much as a hermit and
there is no need to renounce the world.
sends His grace to those who work at self-purification through obedience to
the Holy word for which the virtues, such as purity, patience, and love are
needed which are to be hammered out in our daily dealings with others, with
constant suffering and sacrifice.
we have to choose between God and the false pretty self, and according to
our choice our future state will be a sad wandering in the darkness of
ignorance of blissful residence with God. Those who succeed in doing so,
their faces glow in the very light of God's own presence."