614. What was the 'Komagata Maru' ?

The Komagata Maru was a Japanese steamliner chartered by an affluent businessman, Gurdit Singh, to bring Indian immigrants to Canada in 1914. The ship's route departed from Hong Kong, stopped in Japan and then headed to Canada. It's passengers included 376 Indians, all Punjabis, among whom 340 were Sikhs. The ship was eventually turned back at Vancouver where landing was refused, and terminated eventually at Calcutta.

615. When did Komagata Maru reach Vancouver ?

The Komagata Maru reached Vancouver on May 23, 1914. After two months of a heated legal battle, the ship was forced to leave Vancouver on July 23, 1914. Only 24 passengers were given permission to legally stay in Canada.

616. Where was the Komagata Maru redirected to when it approached Calcutta ?

When the Komagata Maru approached Calcutta on September 26, 1914, the ship was redirected by European gunboats to a place called Budge Budge, about 17 miles from Calcutta.

617. How many Indians were killed by the firing of the British troops in the Budge Budge riot ?

Twenty-nine fell victim to the bullets of the British officials and 20 died.

618. When did the massacre at Jallianwaala Baagh occur ?

April 13, 1919 A.D.

619. Who ordered his troops to fire on the unarmed men, women and children assembled at Jallianwaala Baagh ?

General Dyer

620. How many people were massacred at Jallianwaala Baagh ?

309 Sikhs killed at Jallianwaala Baagh

621. Why did Udham Singh assassinate Sir Michael O'Dwyer ?

Sir Michael O'Dwyer used to be the Lt. Governor of Punjab who had approved General Dyer's actions at Jallianwaala Baagh

622. The massacre at Jallianwaala occurred as a result of a violation of a set of laws passed by the British Government in India. What was the set of laws called and why were they passed ?

The Rowlatt Act - intended to combat revolutionary struggle for freedom

623. What was the original Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee (S.G.P.C.) and when did it originate ?

The Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee was a statutory body comprising elected representatives of the Sikhs concerned primarily with the management of sacred Sikh Shrines under it's control within the terretorial limits of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and the Union Territory of Chandigarh. It originated with the Gurdwara Reform or Akali Movement of the early 1920's.

624. When was the inaugural meeting of S.G.P.C. held ?

At the Akal Takht on December 20, 1920.

625. Who was elected as the first president of S.G.P.C. ?

Sardar Sundar Singh Majithia

626. Who was elected the new president of the S.G.P.C. in 1921 ?

Baba Kharak Singh

627. When the Golden Temple, the Akal Takht and the adjoining Gurdwaras in Amritsar had passed into the control of the Akalis in October 1920, who was the government-appointed Manager of the Golden Temple ?

Sardar Sunder Singh Ramgarhia

628. When was Gurdwara Tarn Taran freed from the control of the priests ?

January 26, 1921.

629. Who were the first martyrs of the Gurdwara Reform Movement ?

Bhai Hazara Singh and Bhai Hukum Singh, who achieved martyrdom at Gurdwara Tarn Taran.

630. What was the name of the Mahant who controlled Gurdwara Nanakana Sahib ?

Mahant Narain Dass.

631. When was Gurdwara Nankana Sahib freed from the control of Mahant Narain Dass ?

February 21, 1921.

632. Who had the possesion of the keys to the Toshakhana ?

The government-appointed Manager of the Golden Temple, Sardar Sunder Singh Ramgarhia.

633. In the "Keys Affair", on what date were the keys returned to the S.G.P.C. ?

January 19, 1922

634. Who described the return of the keys to the Golden Temple treasury to Baba Kharak Singh as the "first decisive battle won" ?

M.K. Gandhi.