Question & Answer-20
441. Why couldn't Bhai Mani Singh pay the
amount of Rs.5000 ?
Bhai Mani Singh hoped that
he would be able to pay the sum out of the offerings to be made by the
Khalsa attending the fair. The Governor, however, tricked him by sending a
force under Diwan Lakhpat Rai to Amritsar on the day of the fair and scaring
the Sikhs away.
442. How was Bhai Mani Singh martyred ?
His body was cut to pieces
limb by limb.
443. Which famous Sikh martyr was one of
the 52 'Darbari kavis' (poets) of Guru Gobind Singh Ji ?
Bhai Mani Singh Ji
444. How many immediate family members of
Bhai Mani Singh got martyred for Sikh Panth ?
21 (Twenty One) : 11
brothers and 10 sons.
445. As a result of the renewed
persecutions, where did the Sikhs retreat to ?
Most of the Sikhs left the
plains and sought shelter in the Shivalik hills, Lakhi Jungle and the sandy
deserts of Rajputana.
446. In what year did the Sikhs attack
Nadir Shah on his way back to Persia and relieved him of much of his booty ?
447. What was Nadir Shah's prophecy about
Nadir Shah told Zakhriya
Khan that "The time is not far when these people (Sikhs) would raise their
heads and become the rulers of this country."
448. What were the rewards offered by
Zakhrya Khan for the capture and destruction of Sikhs ?
Ten Rupees paid to anyone
giving information which lead to the arrest of a Sikh.
Fifty Rupees paid to anyone bringing the head of a Sikh.
What was Massa Ranghar known to have
done during the persecution of the Sikhs in Zakhriya Khan's period ?
Brought in cartloads of
heads of Sikhs
450. What did Massa Ranghar do when he
was appointed the chief of Amritsar by the Mughal governor ?
He held charge of Golden
Temple and banned Sikhs from visiting it. He had turned the holy precincts
into a stable and the inmost sanctuary into a nautchhouse where he used to
smoke and drink and enjoy dance of public women. He also started abusing
Hindus and Sikhs of Amritsar.
451. Who were the two Sikhs who killed
Massa Ranghar ?
Bhai Mehtab Singh and Bhai
452. How did they kill Massa Ranghar ?
In August 1740, they
reached Amritsar. Disguising themselves as Mohammedans and filling two bags
with well rounded brick-bats, they entered the precincts of the temple under
the pretext of paying their land-revenue. While Sukha singh watched the
entrance, Mehtab Singh fell on the tyrant like lightening and cut off his
453. Where did Mehtab Singh and Sukha
Singh take the head of Massa Ranghar ?
Budha Jorh in Deserts of
454. How was Mehtab Singh martyred ?
Publicly broken on the
455. What was the name of the road that
Bhai Bota Singh and Bhai Gurja Singh blocked and charged tolls to
travellers using it?
Grand Trunk Road near Sarai
456. What were the tolls charged by Bota
Singh and Garja Singh ?
One Anna (6.25 Paise) per
cart and one Paisa per donkey-load.
457. What was the fate of Bota Singh and
Garja Singh ?
Since no one reported them
to the Mughals and paid their tolls without complaining, Bota Singh himself
wrote to the Governor of Lahore announcing himself and the tax he was
levying on travellers. Zakhriya Khan sent a detachment of 100 horses to
arrest him. Bota Singh and Garja Singh refused to surrender and died
458. When did Bhai Taru Singh achieve
June, 1745 A.D.
459. Why and how was he martyred ?
He cultivated fields and
whatever was produced, he offered to his Sikh brethren in exile. This was
considered treason and he was reported by Harbhagat of Jandiala and
executed. His hair was scrapped of his scalp.