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5. Bhai Tara Singh Ji

During Moghul rule, the village heads (Chaudhary) used to have considerable authority over local polutation. They often exercised these powers most mercilessly in order to awe the subjects into submission.

One such fellow Sahib Rai was head of village Naushahra. He was a hot headed and cruel person. He would often let loose his horses in the green fields of farmers of the village, causing extensive damage to their crops.If the aggrieved farmers complained to him about it, he used to abuse them, instead of sympathising with them or redressing their grievences.

Once the sikh farmers of the village together requested him to keep his houses confined to the areas meant for grazing and not let them graze in their fields therby destroying their crops.

Instead of giving them any assurance, Sahib Rai turned them saying, “ I will definitely tie my horses but with the ropes made out of your beautiful Keshas (Hair). Such insulting words were unbearable for the Sikhs who valued their Keshas more than their lives. Deeply hurt, they narrated the incident to S. Baghel Singh and S. Amar Singh of the nearby village, Bhusay.

A few days later, S. Amar Singh and S. Baghel Singh caught hold of Sahib Rai’s horses, while those were destroying the crops of Sikh farmers of village Naushehra, and sold them to S. Aala Singh, the then ruler of State of Patiala. The proceeds were donated to S. Tara Singh, a saint of village Waan for free Kitchen (Langer).

Bhai Tara Singh was God fearing devated Sikh saint. He owned considerable agricultural land and had established a Gurudwara on his land. Sikhs passing through his village were provided shelter and free meals at this Gurudwara apart from other facilities required by them. S. Tara Singh, apart from being a saint, mostly absorbed in meditation, was a brave Sikh conversant with use of arms. He had fought many a battles under the leaderhsip of Banda Singh Bahadur.

Chaudhary Sahib Rai found out through his agents that S. Baghel Singh and S. Tara Singh had caught and sold his horses. Accompanied by some of his supporters, he entered Bhai Tara Singh’s residence unannounced, and uttered insulting remarks towards Sikh community. Bhai Tara Singh tried to pacify the Chaudhary, but failed to do so. At this, the Sikhs at the Gurudwara thrashed Sahib Rai and his men, making them run for their lives.

Thus infuriated Sahib Rai went straight to the police chief of the area based in the town Patti in Amritsar District and narrated to him the exaggerated version of the humiliation suffered by him at the hand of Sikhs. Jaffar Beg, the police chief, assisted by a contingent of 200 policemen proceeded towards the residence of Bhai Tara Singh to teach Sikhs a lesson.

S. Baghel Singh who had gone out of Bahi Tara Singh’s residence to answer call of nature very early in the morning, noticed the raiding party. He asked them to stop and shouted, “BOLE SO NEHAL SAT SRI AKAL” at the top of his voice to alert other Sikhs. At the same time, he started firing at the invaders from his gun.

Bhai Tara Singh, on hearing gun shots, alongwith other Sikhs rushed to the assistance of Baghel Singh. They engaged the invading soldiers in a fierce battle. Despite superiority in numbers and better equipped, two nephews and ten other soldiers of Jaffar Beg were killed at the hands of brave Sikhs. S. Baghel Singh also attained martyrdom in that battle. He had engaged the raiders single handedly and by sacrificing his own life, managed to alert other sikhs.

Jaffar Beg could barely save his own life by beating a hasty retreat. Jaffar Beg went straight to Lahore and narrated the incident to Zakaria Khan, Governor of Lahore. He sought his support to avenge his humiliating defeat at the hands of Sikhs. Zakaria Khan was a sworn enemy of the Sikh community. He ordered his commander, Momin Khan, to immediately mount an attack on S. Tara Singh’s abode and produce him dead or alive before him.

One of the Sikh residents of Lahore rushed to village Waan and informed Bhai Tara Singh of this impending attack by a huge Mughal force and advised him to go elsewhere. Bhai Tara Singh accompanied by about fifty sikhs present at that time in his dera (house), decided to stay and face the inevitable, bravely. The Sikhs planned their strategy and took up positions at vantage points to face the enemy and inflict maximum casualties on the raiders. Momin Khan, mobilising more forces enroute and accimpanied by another commander Tara Beg, mounted attack on village Waan, much before Sunrise. The sikhs were waiting and answered the attack by a deadly shower of bullets from their guns, felling the front row enemy soldiers dead.

Momin Khan ordered Takki Beg to engage Bhai Tara Singh. Bhai Ji, in a swiftaction, thrust his spear into Takki Beg’s mouth. A shower of blood flowed from Takki Beg’s mouth, who ran back to save his life. Momin Khan added insult to Takki Beg’s misery by asking whether Takki Beg was chewing Paan in the battle field. Takki Beg, reacting sharply, told Momin Khan to move forward to receive his share of Paans being distributed by Bhai Tara Singh.

Momin Khan, instead of himself moving forward, sent forward his nephew Mureed Khan, whose head was cut off with a sharp low of sword, by S. Bhomi Singh, in a swift attack.

Losing so many men and patience, Momin Khan ordered his entire force to attack the Sikhs at the same time. Thus ensued hand to hand fight. The Sikhs put up a brove fight, killing hundreds of enemy soldiers before laying down their own lives as well. Not a single Sikh surrendered to the enemy.

This is how the Sikhs tried to uproot the cruel Mughal regime from Punjab, lock, stock and barrel. They fought to the finish, inflicting very heavy casualties on the enemy forces. We should be thankful to the Sikhs of those days because of whose bravery and sacrifices the mighty Mughal rule finally came to an end in Punjab towards the end of eighteenth Century.

   
1. Bhai Dyala Ji 2. Bhai Mati Das Ji
3. Bhai Sati Das Ji 4. Bhai Subeg Singh Sehbaz Singh
5. Bhai Tara Singh Ji 6. Bhai Taru Singh Ji
7. Bhai Dya Singh Ji 8. Bota Singh & Garja Singh Ji
9. Bhai Sukha Singh & Mehtab Singh Ji 10. Bhai Tara Singh Wan
11. Bhai Haqiqat Raaye Ji 12. Mata Gujri Ji
13. Udham Singh Ji 14. Sikh Women & Mir Mannu's Jail
15. Barbarity of Mir Mannu 16. Baba Ram Singh Ji
17. Bhai Jivan Singh Ji 18. Sahibzada Zorawar & Fateh Singh
19. Sahibjada Ajeet & Jujhar Singh Ji 20. Young Sikh Martyrs
21. Bhai Himmat Singh Ji 22. Baba Deep Singh Ji
23. Bhai Muhkam Singh Ji 24. Bhai Sahib Singh Ji
25. Sardar Buddha Singh Ji 26. Pandit Kirpa Singh Dutt
27. Bhai Uday Singh Ji 28. Bibi Dailer Kaur Ji
29. Shahid Bhai Mani Singh Ji 30. Bhai Mahi Singh Sunam
   
 
 

 

 

 

GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU. SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty.

GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months. GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him.

On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed. When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released.

Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla). Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released.

Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU.

SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty. GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months.

GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him. On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed.

When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released. Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla).

Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released. Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.

 

Gurudwara Shri Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib Phone Number :  0751-2480040

 

 

Bandi chhorh diwas was the day on which shri guru hargobind sahib ji got released from fort gwalior. And that days falls on "asu di masya" which is still celeberated at gurudwara shri bandi chhorh sahib, gwalior.

 

 

MIRI : The concept is linked to the traditional power enjoyed by kings and ruler where the might of the military resulted in the power and ability to rule or influence the people.

PIRI : The concept of "Piri" is linked to the power enjoyed by religious leaders, church priests, qazis, pandits, etc. to have power or influence over the devotees by way of "spiritual power" or religious power. The words miri and piri are now frequently used together to give the concept promoted by the sixth Guru.

 

 
1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th (Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIB’s.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughter’s money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect one’s hair like GURU’S belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.

1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th(Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIB’s.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughter’s money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect one’s hair like GURU’S belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.