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4. Bhai Subeg Singh Sehbaz Singh

Sardar Subeg Singh, a resident of village JAMBAR near Lahore, was a Scholar of Persian language and man of high moral character.During the reign of Zakaria Khan, S. Subeg Singh was a government contractor. Earlier to this, he had been a police officer (kotwal) in charge of police force of Lahore. During his tenure as police offices he ensured peace and security to the people. Because of his conduct and hyman approach, residents of Lahore and Governor Zakaria Khan held him in high esteem. In view of this, he had faced no problem inspite of Zakaria Khanís intensive drive to completely finist the Sikh community.

The Sikhs had vowed to free the country from the yoke of cruel rulers, and stop the invadors from North West once and for all. With Godís name on their lips and Guruís grace, they were happily riding horses and living in jungles, river Deds ravines and desert, always lying in wait to strike and punish ruthless and cruel rulers. Who can finish such selfless warriors ? Zakaria Khan miserably failed to achieve his objective of finishing the Sikh community, and was thus looking for a way out of this impase. He wanted to enter into an agreement with the Sikh leadership to mantain peace in Punjab. He had got permission from Emperor of Delhi on this account.

Through the good offices of S. Subeg Singh and using him as an inter-mediatery, Zakaria Khan offered the Sikhs :
1. Rs. One Lakh of revenue from Kanganpur, Jhapal and Dayalpur areas.
2. ĎA royal dress and title of Nawab to the Jathedar, as a mark of respect.
In return, Zakaria Khan wanted Sikhs to cease hostilities against the government.

Sardar Subeg Singh approached the Sikhs with this offer. The Sikhs were not ready to accept this offer. Their chief S. Darbara Singh while refusing the offer of Nawabship said. ďSri Guru Gobind Singh had predicted that Sikhs will establish their just rule in Punjab.Ē When no Sikh leader came forward to accept govt.ís offer, S.Subeg Singh requested the sikhs to accept the available offer of truce and utilise the truce period to improve upon their existing organisational set up so as to face worst times ahead. He further requested them not to summarily turn down govt.ís gesture.

Sardar Subeg Singh succeeded in persuading Sikhs to accept the government offer. The robe of honour and the title of Nawab was bestowed on S. Kapur Singh, who was engaged in the act of operating the manual fan to provide some respite from the heat to the assembly of Sikhs present at that time. Thus S. Kapur Singh became Nawab Kapur Singh. This showed how in Sikhism the humble worker was respected and rewarded for selfless service to the community. Nawab Zakaria Khan expressed his happiness and gratitude to S. Subeg Singh on his return from this successful mission S, Subeg Singh had extended his helping hand to Zakaria Khan on some othe occasions as well when Zakaria Khan had behaved well and in a reasonable manner.

The truce between the Sikhs and Zakaria Khanís government did not las long. However, the Sikhs utilised the truce period to improve upon their fire power and striking ability. Zakaria Khan started his old game of exterminating the Sikh community and the sikhs once again moved to the places of their hide outs in jungles, ravines, deserts and river beds.Sardar Shahbaz Singh, the brilliant son of S. Subeg Singh, was studying persian language from a Muslim Kazi at a school. At the age of eighteen, he turned out to be very healthy and handsome youngman. His teacher was immensely impressed by the intelligence and conduct of this student. To serve his own self interest, the Kazi planned to convert the boy into Islam and then make him his son in law by marrying him to his daughter.

To achieve his objective, the Kazi started lecturing on the qualities and supremacy of Islam over other religions and tried to prepare Shahbaz Singh for conversion of religion. However, Shahbaz Singh was well informed about the virtues of his own Sikh religion, its philosophy and its practical approach as demonstrated by great Gurus. Apart from his knowledge of his own religion, he was educated about Islam and Hunduism by his parents. He was proud of being a Sikh boy. When the Kazi persisted in his approach to fulfill his ambition, Shahbaz Singh started reacting actively by proving the supremacy of Sikhism over Islam whenever the Kazi initiated talk about supremacy of Islam over Sikhism. Shahbaz Singh kept his parents informed about all that was happening between him and the Kazi, his teacher at school.

After failing to persuade Shahbaz Singh to get converted to Islam, the Kazi started using threats to achieve his objective. He told Shahbaz Singh that if he did not agree to conversion to Islam he would lodge a serious complaint against him with the Governor and get him executed. When even threats proved futile, the Kazi registered a false complaint with the Governor Zakaria Khan charging Shahbaz Singh of insulting Prophet Mohammed by pointing out various deficiencies in the teaching of Islam and contained in the sacred book of Islam.

The Kazi also took the help of notorious anti sikh Muslim magistrate of Lahor, to fulfill his nefarious designs. Together, they prepared and submitted a long list of baseless charges against S. Subeg Singh and his son Shahbaz Singh to the Governor, Zakaria Khan. The ungrateful Zakaria Khan, forgetting the co-operation extended by S. Subeg Singh at difficult junctures ordered the arrest of both Shahbaz Singh and Subeg Singh. They were kept in separate jail cells. There was no chance of Sikhs getting justice by the judiciary of the time.

Shahbaz Singh was conveyed the false news that his father had been executed and that he could save his youthful life by adopting Islam as his religion. Both father and the son, remained stead fast in sticking to their faith inspite of mischievious propanganda launched by government officials. They prepared themselves for the in evitable, by reciting hymns from Guru Granth Sahib, recalling the brave deeds of Gurus and devout Sikhs who had laid down their lives for upholding the cause of opressed and defending their faith in the past. They prayed to the Almighty to give them strength to uphold their faith and principles dear to them.

Suddenly at that juncture Khan Bahadur Zakaria Khan died before he could execute the two stead-fast Sikhs, Shahbaz Singh and Subeg Singh. Zakaria Khanís son Yahia Khan, became the Governor of Lahore and proved to be more aggresive towards Sikhs. S. Subeg Singh and Shahbaz Singh were produced before Yahia Khan, who too offered them the choice between conversion to Islam or death by torture. Both father and the son remained stead fast in their faith and preferred death to conversion as Muslims. The Kazi was asked to specify the punishmen. He promptly specified death on wheels for the two brave Sikhs. Yahia Khan gave his approval without a moments thought to these brutal means of execution for the two Sikhs.

Both Bhai Subeg Singh and Shahbaz Singh were tied on separate set of wheels opposite each other. The wheels were operated and the steel blades started ripping the flesh of the two brave Sikhs of Guru Going Singh. Blood started flowing all over their bodies and wheels. The wheels were halted for a while and the Kazi again told the two Sikhs that their lives could still be spared if they changed their minds but he got a stunning negative reply from the two brave Sikhs. The wheels were set rolling again. Bhai Subeg Singh and Shahbaz Singh kept reciting Gurbani and laid down their lives in front of cruel rulers and wet eyes of some in the crowd of people who were watching the proceedings with dismay and disbelief.

The news of execution of these two peace loving Sikhs spread like wild fire throughout the city of Lahore and in the neighbouring jungles and sancturies of brave Sikhs. Bands of Sikh warriors came out of adjoining jungles and pounced upon the city of Lahore. They attacked the cruel ruling officials and after puting them to death disappeated again into the jungles. They thus took revenge of execution of Bhai Subeg Singh, Shahbaz Singh from the government officials. Thus warriors Sikhs also proved that they would not allow the cruel rulers to have their way and that they would soon end the cruel rule and would take over the control of Punjab from rulers.

   
1. Bhai Dyala Ji 2. Bhai Mati Das Ji
3. Bhai Sati Das Ji 4. Bhai Subeg Singh Sehbaz Singh
5. Bhai Tara Singh Ji 6. Bhai Taru Singh Ji
7. Bhai Dya Singh Ji 8. Bota Singh & Garja Singh Ji
9. Bhai Sukha Singh & Mehtab Singh Ji 10. Bhai Tara Singh Wan
11. Bhai Haqiqat Raaye Ji 12. Mata Gujri Ji
13. Udham Singh Ji 14. Sikh Women & Mir Mannu's Jail
15. Barbarity of Mir Mannu 16. Baba Ram Singh Ji
17. Bhai Jivan Singh Ji 18. Sahibzada Zorawar & Fateh Singh
19. Sahibjada Ajeet & Jujhar Singh Ji 20. Young Sikh Martyrs
21. Bhai Himmat Singh Ji 22. Baba Deep Singh Ji
23. Bhai Muhkam Singh Ji 24. Bhai Sahib Singh Ji
25. Sardar Buddha Singh Ji 26. Pandit Kirpa Singh Dutt
27. Bhai Uday Singh Ji 28. Bibi Dailer Kaur Ji
29. Shahid Bhai Mani Singh Ji 30. Bhai Mahi Singh Sunam
   
 
 

 

 

 

GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU. SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty.

GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months. GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him.

On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed. When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released.

Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla). Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released.

Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU.

SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty. GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months.

GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him. On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed.

When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released. Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla).

Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released. Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.

 

Gurudwara Shri Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib Phone Number :  0751-2480040

 

 

Bandi chhorh diwas was the day on which shri guru hargobind sahib ji got released from fort gwalior. And that days falls on "asu di masya" which is still celeberated at gurudwara shri bandi chhorh sahib, gwalior.

 

 

MIRI : The concept is linked to the traditional power enjoyed by kings and ruler where the might of the military resulted in the power and ability to rule or influence the people.

PIRI : The concept of "Piri" is linked to the power enjoyed by religious leaders, church priests, qazis, pandits, etc. to have power or influence over the devotees by way of "spiritual power" or religious power. The words miri and piri are now frequently used together to give the concept promoted by the sixth Guru.

 

 
1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th (Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIBís.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughterís money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect oneís hair like GURUíS belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.

1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th(Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIBís.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughterís money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect oneís hair like GURUíS belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.