Kabir ji            Ravidaas ji            Dhanaa ji            Pipa ji            Parmaanand ji            Bhikan ji           Surdas ji            Sain ji       

 Jaidev ji       Trilochan ji          Naamdev ji           Sadhnaa ji           Baini ji         Raamaanand ji           Shaik Farid ji

 
   

Bhagat Soor Das ji

Bani registered in Sri Guru Granth Sahib :  one line on page 1253

Principal Teachings :  One must not keep company of an atheist. Almighty God can be met through surrender Bhagat Soor Das ji was born in the year 1529 at Kashi(Banaras) in the house of Brahmin Pandit Ravidas ji. His family named him Madan Mohan out of love. He was very intelligent ever since he was a child. His father arranged better and higher education for him.

He became a great scholar of Sanskrit, Hindi, Sant Bhakha and Persian in a very short period of time. He also used to write poetry, which he turned into beautiful composition of devotional music and sang. When he used to sing devotional hymns in a deep ascetic mood, the listeners were spell bound.

His reputation as a scholar spread everywhere very quickly. The emperor Akbar appointed him on a good post in his royal court keeping in mind his good reputation. His honesty and modesty pleased the King, who promoted him to be the ruler of Sandila after a short period of time.

Bhagat ji got spiritual education from Swami Valabhacharya. He was a disciple of Lord Krishna. He started his meditation with the worship of Lord Krishna, but with passing of the time, as his meditation became more intense and deeper, his realization became introverted. He started to worship all-pervading Almighty and merged with him.

The omnipresent God of Bhagat Soor Das ji can be well imagined from one of the incidences of his life. When Bhagat ji became blind and had difficulty in his activities, God Almighty always stood by him. Whenever he traveled, he always felt that someone was holding his hand and guiding him. Once he was going to Mathura, when that invisible force took his hand from Bhagat ji’s grip and stood at a distance. Bhagat Soor Das ji felt that someone who let go Bhagat ji’s grip was standing at a distance and smiling.

Bhagat ji made a touching remark,”No doubt you have taken your hand back and let go of my grip, but can you go out of my heart?”. Such was the love and firm belief of Bhagat ji for his Lord. 

When he was the ruler of Sandila, he ran his administration with deep understanding and honesty. He always helped the deserving needy. General public also thought of him as their Messiah(helper at every place). But as we know there are always some evil and awful people who can’t tolerate the thriving reputation of a noble personality and don’t want to help the poor people. These evil people are always seeking an opportunity to harm and defame the noble person’s achievements.

Some of these evil people started complaining to the King. They instigated the complaint that Soor Das ji was trying to misuse and spend the royal treasure for personal gain. They wanted the king to check his accounts and fire him from his job.

The king sent a message to Bhagat ji to check his accounts with the royal officers. His account did not match with the royal treasury, so it was suspected that he caused a loss to the royal treasury. So he was put in jail. While spending his time in jail, he didn’t loose his mental well-being. He considered sorrows and pleasures as same, which meant none of them bothered him nor pleased him. He continued his meditation of God as usual. He would sing the devotional hymns with deep concentration in his melodious voice.

Once Emperor Akbar happened to pass by his cell in the prison and he overheard his melodious, melancholic voice drenched in dedication and devotion. He ordered the release of Bhagat ji immediately and ordered him to come to the royal court next day. The king offered to include him in his royal poets in the court but Bhagat ji requested,” O King of kings ! Now I would never be in the service of another human being. Almighty God, who has given me this beautiful body and so many blessings, I will only serve Him now” Akbar was pleased and granted him leave.

Bhagat ji left his home, village, area and everything and went to the forest. He would write songs in praise of Lord Krishna and sing them all day long. He would go to the village or some city to satisfy his need for food and other things. Time kept passing by smoothly.

As God, the creator is the strongest, so is His maya. Only a rare lucky person can save himself with the grace of Almighty God from the sensual sphere of maya. Once Bhagat ji went to a village for food and he saw the beautiful lady of the house. The beauty of that lady fascinated Bhagat ji. He was about to do something foolish when God Almighty saved him from the effect of maya. Guru Arjun Dev ji has stated on page 403 :

For a moment of sexual pleasure, you shall suffer in pain for millions of days. For an instant, you may savor pleasure, but afterwards, you shall regret it, again and again.   

The results of short-term pleasures overpowered his mind and saved him from committing a sin. When he was totally free from the influence of Maya, then he thought about the incidence about the lady and said,”

Today the beauty of this lady has influenced me to do bad deeds, in the future some more beautiful ladies can influence me with their dazzling beauty to commit a crime. Why don’t I shut the doors (eyes) through which these beautiful sights come and make me do evil deeds?” Under the influence of these ideals, he pushed red-hot iron rods into his eyes so that he became blind and was unable to see the outside world.

Thus he became Soor Das or ‘Blind’. Now he always recited and meditated God’s name from the core of his heart. His exceptionally sad couplets are preserved in the famous book”Sur-Sagar Granth” but in Guru Granth Sahib ji Guru Arjun Dev ji entered only one line on page 1253 and the rest of the Shabad is completed by Guru Arjun Dev ji and dedicated as a token of love to Bhagat Sur Das ji as a Siropa. On page 1253 it states as :

O mind, do not even associate with those who have turned their backs on the Lord. The people of the Lord dwell with the Lord. They dedicate their minds and bodies to Him; they dedicate everything to Him. They are intoxicated with the celestial melody of intuitive ecstasy. Gazing upon the Blessed Vision of the Lord's Darshan, they are cleansed of corruption. They obtain absolutely everything. They have nothing to do with anything else; they gaze on the beauteous Face of God. But one who forsakes the elegantly beautiful Lord, and harbors desire for anything else, is like a leech on the body of a leper. Says Sur Daas, God has taken my mind in His Hands. He has blessed me with the world beyond.   

The Shabad stated by Bhagat Soor Das ji is written in Sur Sagar Granth as : 

Shaad mun Har bimukhan ko sang Ja kay milay kbudh upjut parat bhajan mobhang Kanga kaha kapoor charavat suan navavay gung Khar kao kaha Agurja laypun markut bhookhan ang Patat pakhan baan nahi baydhay retay bh-ay nikhang    

Soor Das ji closed his external eyes but Almighty God with his grace opened his internal eyes. The one line written in Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji is constantly inspiring the curious learners to avoid the company of an atheist. To what extent can a person who turns away from God be dirty and despicable can be asked from Bhai Gurdas ji who wrote in his vaar 34 pauri 16 as :

(It is said that) The killing of brahmin, cow and the man of one's own family is  a deadly sin. The drunkards gamble and look at the wives of others. The thieves and decoits loot other's wealth. These all are treacherous, ungrateful, sinners and killers. If such persons are gathered in infinite number; even they all are not equal to the single hair of the apostate  

Sri Guru Arjun Dev ji has directed us to save ourselves from the company of an Apostate with prayers to God only. As he states on page 535 :

I beg this blessing of You, O Merciful Lord, ocean of mercy - please, don't bring me face to face with the faithless cynics.  

Singing the praise of Lord, enshrined God in his heart, Bhagat Soor Das ji left this mortal world and became an inhabitant of Lord’s palace. His last memorial is near Kashi in the form of a Samadhi (burial place). Due to the Bani and meditation of God Almighty Bhagat ji is immortal.

   
 
 

 

 

 

GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU. SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty.

GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months. GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him.

On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed. When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released.

Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla). Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released.

Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU.

SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty. GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months.

GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him. On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed.

When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released. Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla).

Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released. Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.

 

Gurudwara Shri Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib Phone Number :  0751-2480040

 

 

Bandi chhorh diwas was the day on which shri guru hargobind sahib ji got released from fort gwalior. And that days falls on "asu di masya" which is still celeberated at gurudwara shri bandi chhorh sahib, gwalior.

 

 

MIRI : The concept is linked to the traditional power enjoyed by kings and ruler where the might of the military resulted in the power and ability to rule or influence the people.

PIRI : The concept of "Piri" is linked to the power enjoyed by religious leaders, church priests, qazis, pandits, etc. to have power or influence over the devotees by way of "spiritual power" or religious power. The words miri and piri are now frequently used together to give the concept promoted by the sixth Guru.

 

 
1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th (Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIB’s.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughter’s money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect one’s hair like GURU’S belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.

1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th(Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIB’s.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughter’s money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect one’s hair like GURU’S belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.