Bhagat Soor Das ji
registered in Sri Guru Granth Sahib : one line on page 1253
Teachings : One must not keep company of an atheist. Almighty God can be met
through surrender Bhagat Soor Das ji
was born in the year 1529 at Kashi(Banaras) in the house of Brahmin Pandit
Ravidas ji. His family named him Madan Mohan out of love. He was very
intelligent ever since he was a child. His father arranged better and higher
education for him.
became a great scholar of Sanskrit, Hindi, Sant Bhakha and Persian in a very
short period of time. He also used to write poetry, which he turned into
beautiful composition of devotional music and sang. When he used to sing
devotional hymns in a deep ascetic mood, the listeners were spell bound.
reputation as a scholar spread everywhere very quickly. The emperor Akbar
appointed him on a good post in his royal court keeping in mind his good
reputation. His honesty and modesty pleased the King, who promoted him to be
the ruler of Sandila after a short period of time.
ji got spiritual education from Swami Valabhacharya. He was a disciple of
Lord Krishna. He started his meditation with the worship of Lord Krishna,
but with passing of the time, as his meditation became more intense and
deeper, his realization became introverted. He started to worship
all-pervading Almighty and merged with him.
omnipresent God of Bhagat Soor Das ji can be well imagined from one of the
incidences of his life. When Bhagat ji became blind and had difficulty in
his activities, God Almighty always stood by him. Whenever he traveled, he
always felt that someone was holding his hand and guiding him. Once he was
going to Mathura, when that invisible force took his hand from Bhagat ji’s
grip and stood at a distance. Bhagat Soor Das ji felt that someone who let
go Bhagat ji’s grip was standing at a distance and smiling.
ji made a touching remark,”No doubt you have taken your hand back and let go
of my grip, but can you go out of my heart?”. Such was the love and firm
belief of Bhagat ji for his Lord.
he was the ruler of Sandila, he ran his administration with deep
understanding and honesty. He always helped the deserving needy. General
public also thought of him as their Messiah(helper at every place). But as
we know there are always some evil and awful people who can’t tolerate the
thriving reputation of a noble personality and don’t want to help the poor
people. These evil people are always seeking an opportunity to harm and
defame the noble person’s achievements.
of these evil people started complaining to the King. They instigated the
complaint that Soor Das ji was trying to misuse and spend the royal treasure
for personal gain. They wanted the king to check his accounts and fire him
from his job.
king sent a message to Bhagat ji to check his accounts with the royal
officers. His account did not match with the royal treasury, so it was
suspected that he caused a loss to the royal treasury. So he was put in
jail. While spending his time in jail, he didn’t loose his mental
well-being. He considered sorrows and pleasures as same, which meant none of
them bothered him nor pleased him. He continued his meditation of God as
usual. He would sing the devotional hymns with deep concentration in his
Emperor Akbar happened to pass by his cell in the prison and he overheard
his melodious, melancholic voice drenched in dedication and devotion. He
ordered the release of Bhagat ji immediately and ordered him to come to the
royal court next day. The king offered to include him in his royal poets in
the court but Bhagat ji requested,” O King of kings ! Now I would never be
in the service of another human being. Almighty God, who has given me this
beautiful body and so many blessings, I will only serve Him now” Akbar was
pleased and granted him leave.
ji left his home, village, area and everything and went to the forest. He
would write songs in praise of Lord Krishna and sing them all day long. He
would go to the village or some city to satisfy his need for food and other
things. Time kept passing by smoothly.
God, the creator is the strongest, so is His maya. Only a rare lucky person
can save himself with the grace of Almighty God from the sensual sphere of
maya. Once Bhagat ji went to a village for food and he saw the beautiful
lady of the house. The beauty of that lady fascinated Bhagat ji. He was
about to do something foolish when God Almighty saved him from the effect of
maya. Guru Arjun Dev ji has stated on page 403 :
For a moment of sexual pleasure,
you shall suffer in pain for millions of days.
For an instant, you may savor pleasure,
but afterwards, you shall regret it, again and again.
results of short-term pleasures overpowered his mind and saved him from
committing a sin. When he was totally free from the influence of Maya, then
he thought about the incidence about the lady and said,”
the beauty of this lady has influenced me to do bad deeds, in the future
some more beautiful ladies can influence me with their dazzling beauty to
commit a crime. Why don’t I shut the doors (eyes) through which these
beautiful sights come and make me do evil deeds?” Under the influence of
these ideals, he pushed red-hot iron rods into his eyes so that he became
blind and was unable to see the outside world.
he became Soor Das or ‘Blind’. Now he always recited and meditated God’s
name from the core of his heart. His exceptionally sad couplets are
preserved in the famous book”Sur-Sagar Granth” but in Guru Granth Sahib ji
Guru Arjun Dev ji entered only one line on page 1253 and the rest of the
Shabad is completed by Guru Arjun Dev ji and dedicated as a token of love to
Bhagat Sur Das ji as a Siropa. On page 1253 it states as :
O mind, do not even associate with those who have turned their backs on the
The people of the Lord dwell with the Lord.
They dedicate their minds and bodies to Him;
they dedicate everything to Him.
They are intoxicated with the celestial melody of intuitive ecstasy.
Gazing upon the Blessed Vision of the Lord's Darshan,
they are cleansed of corruption.
They obtain absolutely everything.
They have nothing to do with anything else;
they gaze on the beauteous Face of God.
But one who forsakes the elegantly beautiful Lord,
and harbors desire for anything else,
is like a leech on the body of a leper.
Says Sur Daas, God has taken my mind in His Hands.
He has blessed me with the world beyond.
The Shabad stated by Bhagat
Soor Das ji is written in Sur Sagar Granth as :
Shaad mun Har bimukhan ko sang
Ja kay milay kbudh upjut parat bhajan mobhang
Kanga kaha kapoor charavat suan navavay gung
Khar kao kaha Agurja laypun markut bhookhan ang
Patat pakhan baan nahi baydhay retay
Soor Das ji closed his
external eyes but Almighty God with his grace opened his internal eyes. The
one line written in Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji is constantly inspiring the
curious learners to avoid the company of an atheist. To what extent can a
person who turns away from God be dirty and despicable can be asked from
Bhai Gurdas ji who wrote in his vaar 34 pauri 16 as :
(It is said that) The killing of brahmin, cow and the man of one's own
family is a
The drunkards gamble and look at the wives of others.
The thieves and decoits loot other's wealth.
These all are treacherous, ungrateful, sinners and killers.
If such persons are gathered in infinite number;
even they all are not equal to the single hair of the apostate
Sri Guru Arjun Dev ji has
directed us to save ourselves from the company of an Apostate with prayers
to God only. As he states on page 535 :
I beg this blessing of You, O Merciful Lord, ocean of mercy -
please, don't bring me face to face with the faithless cynics.
the praise of Lord, enshrined God in his heart, Bhagat Soor Das ji left this
mortal world and became an inhabitant of Lord’s palace. His last memorial is
near Kashi in the form of a Samadhi (burial place). Due to the Bani and
meditation of God Almighty Bhagat ji is immortal.