Bhagat Pipa ji
Bani registered in Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji : only one shabad on page 695
Other writings : Bani Pipa ji, Sarb Gutka
Principal Teachings : Almighty God who is the Master of this universe does not reside in some forest, hills or temples. He resides in the temple of human heart which He Himself created. The success or achievement in spirituality is only by the grace of the Guru through exploring one’s mind. Our life is governed by the combination of two entities. One is our body and the second is its driving force the soul. A person feels dissatisfied even after all bodily and worldly needs are fulfilled. He remains miserable and sad even after getting all the wealth, property, ability to rule others, pleasures, comforts, good reputation and honor. So Sri Guru Arjun Dev ji states in Sukhmani Sahib on page264 :
The rulers of the all the world are unhappy
The power to rule is the biggest possession in the world. If a person gets all the pleasures, powers, comfort, and other things in life and yet he remains unhappy then that person has something to think about deeply. But the impact of Maya(mammon or wealth) is such that instead of finding a way for real and eternal peace and happiness, a person always makes aimless efforts to acquire materialistic things and tries to obtain happiness from their achievement. But there are a few lucky people who are loved by the Guru, who don’t desire pleasure even after mastering worldly possessions. These blessed people who turn their back and ignore the comforts of materialistic life, toil hard for better and higher eternal pleasure. Such a man was Bhagat Pipa ji, the king of Gagron. He was born in the village Patan(near Kota, Rajasthan India) in the royal family of Rajputs. Due to this inherited status of being a king, he did not encounter any scarcity of material possessions or things. He had every type of comfort and royal pleasure one could want. He had 12 very beautiful queens. He was not happy within in spite of having all these worldly sources of pleasure. So in order to get liberation from this sorrow and to get inner peace, he started to worship Goddess Durga (goddess of power in Hindu religion). But Durga who is but the creation of the Creator (God) couldn’t satisfy him spiritually. One day a group of Vaishnav Sadhus (saints) came to his city. They sang hymns in a very endearing and captivating manner. Pipa ji felt relief and a soothing sensation when he heard the melodious hymns of God’s devotees. He asked them who inspired them to adopt this way of life. They replied that Ramanand ji, a highly spiritual saint of that time was the guiding star of their activities. From that time Bhagat Pipa ji decided to become a disciple of Ramanand. He found out where Ramanand ji lived and reached his place with all the royal party including his queens and other attendants. Ramanand ji refused to see him when he saw the royal entourage and glamorous attendants. The great saint Ramanand ji sent word through his messenger to Pipa ji that even the human body does not come with you to the place to which he wants to go and become an inhabitant of. A person who cannot leave the royal comfort of queens, officers and attendants here, how can he be accepted in the court of God? To get to that place even pride of renunciation has to be abandoned. Pipa ji realized his mistake. He sent his officers and queens back to his place and he himself reached the place of Ramanand ji to quench his spiritual thirst. He sent a request through one of the disciples of Sri Ramanand ji to bless his glimpse, but Ramanand ji in order to test him said,” A yagna (Holy feast with spiritual Mantras) is going on. I have no time.” Pipa ji just stood there with closed eyes and waited for the next order. Ramanand ji felt his pious internal desire to meditate and made him his disciple. Pipa ji stayed for sometime with his Guru Ramanand ji, meditated on naam and got the order from his guru to go back to his city Gagron. Now he would spend most of his time reciting naam and meditating and less time in official and administrative affairs. With the passing of time, he was so involved in spiritual activities that he felt that royal affairs were becoming obstacles in his spiritual path. So he left his kingdom and became an Ascetic (Sadhu). His queens too got ready to go with him. He told them that if they want to go with him, they had to take off their royal clothes and put on a ragged blanket for clothing. The queens could not accept this condition. Only the youngest one whose name was Sita obeyed his order. She wore a ragged blanket and stayed by her husband throughout his life. He constructed a small hut far away from a river and started his meditation just as a student starts his studies in a school. As a teacher gives a test to his students to evaluate their learning so that they can receive degrees, similarly God also checks the devotion of his devotees. One day he saw a pot full of gold coins on the way. He used to go to take a bath on the river and pass this way every day. He shunned that route forever saying that it was possessed with Maya. Due to his meditation and recitation, his reputation spread everywhere. Even kings came to receive religious sermons from him and started meditation of God. Brahmins began to feel jealous after seeing his glorious reputation. Devotees and congregation flocked together from all directions and the offerings they brought started to pile up. Pipa ji always remained level headed. If somebody donated or stole something then Bhagat Pipa ji would say to his disciples that God Himself sent donations and thieves too came under His order.
There is a beautiful Matth (religious place) at Dwarka in the memory of Bhagat Pipa ji. It is called Pipa vutt. Two manuscripts of his written bani are available. One of them is “Bani Sri Pipa ji” and second is “Sarab Gutka(encyclopedia of Sikhism) . But only one shabad is enshrined in Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji in which he tells us clearly about the real residing place of Almighty God and the method to arrive there. The residing place of God is not a temple made of bricks and cement. He(God Almighty) resides in the human body. So the body is a beautiful temple in which Almighty God lives in the form of a Divine Light. To achieve God, some people wear the dress of a yogi, some go to pilgrimage, some worship idols and others light lamps for meditation and still others offer flowers, leaves and food to their deities. Bhagat Pipa ji says,” I searched a lot for God through external rituals but all in vain. But when I explored Him through introspection and recited His naam with all my concentration, then I found the master of all treasures(God) within me. With His Grace, I have come to know that this world is a game. Neither anything comes nor anything goes but remains constant merely changing forms and with this knowledge my cycle of rebirths is finished. The real thing is that the Creator who is the Master of this Universe resides in our heart and not outside somewhere. He who finds Him (God) within one’s own self, achieves Him(God). Who ever tries to find God in forests, Hills or Caves gets nothing. Almighty God is the root of the entire Universe but His knowledge and perception comes through Satguru. As mentioned on page 695 :
Within the body, the Divine Lord is embodied. The body is the temple, the place of pilgrimage, and the pilgrim. Within the body are incense, lamps and offerings.Within the body are the flower offerings. I searched throughout many realms, but I found the nine treasures within the body. Nothing comes, and nothing goes; I pray to the Lord for Mercy. The One who pervades the Universe also dwells in the body; whoever seeks Him, finds Him there. Peepaa prays, the Lord is the supreme essence; He reveals Himself through the True Guru
This statement of Pipa ji agrees completely with laws of physics that is the Law of conservation of energy. The law states that,” Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. Its final total remains constant. It simply changes its form from one to another. Energy converts into matter and matter converts into energy. This underlines the universality of Bhagat Pipa ji’s order, which he achieved through concentration on the divine. He breathed his last breath at the age of 136 years and departed for his heavenly abode in 1562 A.D., but his words are still immortal.