46. Message of the six guruís (Part-11)
Guru Teg Bahadar ji Continue.....
Why Does The Mind Not Concentrate ?
In answer to this question, Guru Ji described ďGreedĒ as the main reason for scattering our spiritual and mental energy. As mentioned on page 219 :
Holy Saadhus: this mind cannot be restrained Fickle desires dwell with it, and so it cannot remain steady.
Achievement of bliss was demonstrated through naam meditation as on page 1008 :
The Name of the Lord is forever the Giver of peace. Meditating in remembrance on it, Ajaamal was saved, and Ganika the prostitute was emancipated.
And on page1426 :
The Lord is the Giver of all peace and comfort. There is no other at all.
When Jogi Malook Das requested Guru ji to bless him with eternal peace and glimpses, the Great Guru said,Ē By reading Gurbani, you will get glimpses of the guru, and by reciting naam, peace can be attained.Ē
Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji described the reality of this world as transitory like ,Ē A bubble of water, a wall of sand and a mere dream.Ē As on page 1427 he says :
Like a dream and a show, so is this world, you must know. None of this is true, O Nanak, without God.
And on page1429 :
The world and its affairs are totally false; know this well, my friend. Says Nanak, it is like a wall of sand; it shall not endure.
And on page 1427 :
As the bubbles in the water well up and disappear again, so is the universe created; says Nanak, listen, O my friend !
Human life is very precious. It can be made useful and successful by reciting the name of God. As on page 219, Gauri Mahala 9th :
Holy Saadhus: sing the Glorious Praises of the Lord of the Universe.maanas janam You have obtained the priceless jewel of this human life; why are you uselessly wasting it ?
Everything is in control of Almighty. He is omnipotent. He can turn kings in to beggars and beggars into Kings; fills what is empty and empties what is full in an instant. As on page 537 Bihagra mahala :
In an instant, He changes the beggar into a king, and the king into a beggar. He fills what is empty, and empties what is full - such are His ways.
About the reality of worldly relations, Guru ji describes,Ē All kith and Kin(Friends and relatives) love you only for their pleasure and needs. When their needs are not met, they break the tie of relationship. Nobody is attached to anyone without reason. As on page 633 , Mahala 9 :
Wives, friends, children and relatives - all are attached to wealth. When they see a poor man, they all forsake his company and run away.
And on page 634 Sorath mahala 9th :
O dear friend, know this in your mind. The world is entangled in its own pleasures; no one is for anyone else.
For a human-being it is essential to awake from the deep sleep of materialism. This can be done through naam simran only. As on page 726 Tilang mahala 9 :
Wake up, O mind! Wake up ! Why are you sleeping unaware ? That body, which you were born with, shall not go along with you in the end.
Who is the real Gianni( man of knowledge)? The person who, neither creates fear in someone, nor accepts fear of anybody. Such a man of independent conscience is a Gianni. On page 1427 Salok Mahala 9 :
One who does not frighten anyone, and who is not afraid of anyone else says Nanak, listen, mind: call him spiritually wise.
In the eyes of the Great Guru, the person who prays day and night, there is no difference between that person and God Almighty because he becomes the image of God. As on page1427 mahala 9 :
That mortal who meditates and vibrates upon the Lord night and day - know him to be the embodiment of the Lord. There is no difference between the Lord and the humble servant of the Lord; O Nanak, know this as true.
The secret of real life is unfolded only through the Grace of God. With naam simran, a mortal achieves permanent poise of mind. But this is very difficult. As on page 633-634 Sorath mahala 9 :
That man, who in the midst of pain, does not feel pain, who is not affected by pleasure, affection or fear, and who looks alike upon gold and dust; Who is not swayed by either slander or praise, nor affected by greed, attachment or pride; who remains unaffected by joy and sorrow, honor and dishonor; who renounces all hopes and desires and remains desireless in the world; who is not touched by sexual desire or anger - within his heart, God dwells. That man, blessed by Guru's Grace, understands this way. O Nanak, he merges with the Lord of the Universe, like water with water.
Guru ji was preaching the gospel of peace in Assam, when the happy news was conveyed to him that Almighty had blessed them ( Mata Gujri ji and Guru Tegh Bahadur ji) with a son. They named their son Gobind Rai, who was born on December 22, 1666 at Patna Sahib. Guru ji came back to Patna sahib from Assam, saw his son(Gobind Rai was the childhood name of Guru Gobind Singh ji) and eventually came back to Anandpur Sahib. This was the time when the Mughal King Aurangzeb had started eliminating Hindus with his oppression and cruelty. On one hand their temples were being demolished to build mosques instead and on the other hand they had to pay Jazia(religious tax to practice their religion) to the king. Their religious festivals were banned and they were forced to embrace Islam(Muslim Religion) or they were given lucrative incentives to confess to Islam. Kashmiri Pandits(Hindus) gathered in the temple cave of Shiva at Amar Nath and recited the naam of Shiv ji. There they heard a cosmic voice, directing them to go to the Ninth Sikh Guru in Punjab as he would provide them shelter. A delegation comprising of 500 Brahmins headed by Pandit Kirpa Ram reached Anandpur Sahib and begged Guru Tegh Bahadur ji to protect their religion. Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji assured them and said,Ē Go and tell the king that our leader is Guru Tegh Bahadur ji. If you convert him to Islam, them we are all ready to be converted.Ē Guru Tegh Bahadur ji left for Delhi from Anandpur Sahib to prove the Mughal king wrong and uphold the principle that,Ē Baahn Jina de pakariya, Serr dejay baahn na chhoriyai( Who ever is given shelter by God, must be protected even at the cost of oneís life). Guru ji went from Samana, Kaithal, Lakhi Majra, and eventually reached Agra. There, the Mughal forces arrested him and took him to Delhi. With Guru ji, Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Sati Das and Bhai Dyal Das were arrested too. The three Sikhs, Bhai Jaita, Bhai Gurditta, Bhai Ladha were already separated by Guru ji from himself.
Three conditions were put forward before Guru ji. These were as follows :
Bhai Mati Das ji was cut with a saw, Bhai Sati Das ji was wrapped in cotton and set on fire, and Bhai Dyal Das ji was boiled to death right in front of Guru Tegh Bahadur jiís eyes. Guru ji remained composed. As on page 1427 Salok 9 :
My mind takes refuge in the shelter of your lotus feet, my attention is attached to your lotus feet
Give fear to no one , neither do I accept fear of anyone
Guru ji was martyred on Novembe11, 1675 at Chandni Chawk Delhi. At first, no one would come forward to claim guru jiís body. Finally, Guru Tegh Bahadur jiís head was recovered by Bhai Jaita ji and on fifth day he arrived with guru jiís head at Anandpur Sahib. Bhai Lakhi Shah took the body of the Great Guru secretly to his house and there with the help of Bhai Gurditta ji and Bhai Udhai Ji, put the body on a funeral pyre and lit it, saying that his house had caught fire. At this location, Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib was built to commemorate the place where Guru jiís body was cremated. The place where Guruís head was cremated is called, Gurdwara Sees Ganj and is situated in Anandpur Sahib. Regarding this strange and unique martyrdom, a poet called Senapati at Guru Gobind Singh jiís court wrote very beautifully :
Guru Teg Bahadur did appear The whole world he covered like a sheet Who saved the honour of religion and upheld righteousness Irrevocable deed did he enact in the age of darkness
Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji has described the martyrdom of Guru Teg Bahadur ji with his own pious tongue in the form of couplet as in Bachitar Naatak :
Saviour of the hindu sacred thread and mark on the forehead Enacting a heroic, righteous deed of unmatched grandeur in the age of darkness For the welfare of saints did he do this all He gave his head but did not utter a word in pain To uphold the honour of religion did he take this righteous action He gave up his head but not his resolve Performing miracles is but a unworthy act God saved the honour of the people Breaking this body like a stone on the head of delhiís ruler Did guru ji return home to Godís court A righteous act like this taken by Tegh Bahadur was never taken before At the martyrdom of Tegh Bahadur the whole world was sorrow Hai hai hai exclaimed the world, praise, praise be, praise be, rejoiced heaven
Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji gave the responsibility of Guru Nanakís Guruship to the permanent seat of eternity, Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji, before his departure to his heavenly abode. Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji has been giving, is giving and will keep on giving guidance and inspiration to the Gursikhs to unite with Almighty for ever.