Message of the six guruís (Part-11)
Guru Teg Bahadar ji Continue.....
Does The Mind Not Concentrate ?
In answer to
this question, Guru Ji described ďGreedĒ as the main reason for scattering
our spiritual and mental energy. As mentioned on page 219 :
Saadhus: this mind cannot be restrained
Fickle desires dwell with it, and so it cannot remain steady.
of bliss was demonstrated through naam meditation as on page 1008 :
Name of the Lord is forever the Giver of peace.
Meditating in remembrance on it, Ajaamal was saved, and Ganika the
prostitute was emancipated.
Lord is the Giver of all peace and comfort. There
is no other at all.
Jogi Malook Das requested Guru ji to bless him with eternal peace and
glimpses, the Great Guru said,Ē By reading Gurbani, you will get glimpses of
the guru, and by reciting naam, peace can be attained.Ē
Sri Guru Tegh
Bahadur ji described the reality of this world as transitory like ,Ē A
bubble of water, a wall of sand and a mere dream.Ē As on page 1427 he says :
a dream and a show, so is this world, you must know. None
of this is true, O Nanak, without God.
world and its affairs are totally false; know this well, my friend. Says
Nanak, it is like a wall of sand; it shall not endure.
And on page
the bubbles in the water well up and disappear again, so is
the universe created; says Nanak, listen, O my friend !
life is very precious. It can be made useful and successful by reciting the
name of God. As on page 219, Gauri Mahala 9th :
Saadhus: sing the Glorious Praises of the Lord of the Universe.maanas janam You
have obtained the priceless jewel of this human life; why are you uselessly
wasting it ?
is in control of Almighty. He is omnipotent. He can turn kings in to beggars
and beggars into Kings; fills what is empty and empties what is full in an
instant. As on page 537 Bihagra mahala :
instant, He changes the beggar into a king, and the king into a beggar.
He fills what is empty, and empties
what is full - such are His ways.
the reality of worldly relations, Guru ji describes,Ē All kith and
Kin(Friends and relatives) love you only for their pleasure and needs. When
their needs are not met, they break the tie of relationship. Nobody is
attached to anyone without reason. As on page 633 , Mahala 9 :
Wives, friends, children and relatives - all are attached to wealth. When
they see a poor man, they all forsake his company and run away.
And on page
634 Sorath mahala 9th :
dear friend, know this in your mind. The
world is entangled in its own pleasures; no one is for anyone else.
human-being it is essential to awake from the deep sleep of materialism.
This can be done through naam simran only. As on page 726 Tilang mahala 9 :
up, O mind! Wake up ! Why are you sleeping unaware ? That
body, which you were born with, shall not go along with you in the end.
is the real Gianni( man of knowledge)? The person who, neither creates fear
in someone, nor accepts fear of anybody. Such a man of independent
conscience is a Gianni. On page 1427 Salok Mahala 9 :
who does not frighten anyone, and who is not afraid of anyone else says
Nanak, listen, mind: call him spiritually wise.
the eyes of the Great Guru, the person who prays day and night, there is no
difference between that person and God Almighty because he becomes the image
of God. As on page1427 mahala 9 :
mortal who meditates and vibrates upon the Lord night and day - know him
to be the embodiment of the Lord. There
is no difference between the Lord and the humble servant of the Lord; O
Nanak, know this as true.
secret of real life is unfolded only through the Grace of God. With naam
simran, a mortal achieves permanent poise of mind. But this is very
difficult. As on page 633-634 Sorath mahala 9 :
man, who in the midst of pain, does not feel pain, who
is not affected by pleasure, affection or fear, and who looks alike upon gold
and dust; Who
is not swayed by either slander or praise, nor affected by greed,
attachment or pride; who
remains unaffected by joy and sorrow, honor and dishonor; who
renounces all hopes and desires and remains desireless in the world; who
is not touched by sexual desire or anger - within his heart, God dwells. That
man, blessed by Guru's Grace, understands this way. O
Nanak, he merges with the Lord of the Universe, like water with water.
ji was preaching the gospel of peace in Assam, when the happy news was
conveyed to him that Almighty had blessed them ( Mata Gujri ji and Guru Tegh
Bahadur ji) with a son. They named their son Gobind Rai, who was born on
December 22, 1666 at Patna Sahib. Guru ji came back to Patna sahib from
Assam, saw his son(Gobind Rai was the childhood name of Guru Gobind Singh ji)
and eventually came back to Anandpur Sahib.
was the time when the Mughal King Aurangzeb had started eliminating Hindus
with his oppression and cruelty. On one hand their temples were being
demolished to build mosques instead and on the other hand they had to pay
Jazia(religious tax to practice their religion) to the king.
religious festivals were banned and they were forced to embrace Islam(Muslim
Religion) or they were given lucrative incentives to confess to Islam.
Pandits(Hindus) gathered in the temple cave of Shiva at Amar Nath and
recited the naam of Shiv ji. There they heard a cosmic voice, directing them
to go to the Ninth Sikh Guru in Punjab as he would provide them shelter. A
delegation comprising of 500 Brahmins headed by Pandit Kirpa Ram reached
Anandpur Sahib and begged Guru Tegh Bahadur ji to protect their religion.
Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji assured them and said,Ē Go and tell the king that
our leader is Guru Tegh Bahadur ji. If you convert him to Islam, them we are
all ready to be converted.Ē
Tegh Bahadur ji left for Delhi from Anandpur Sahib to prove the Mughal king
wrong and uphold the principle that,Ē Baahn Jina de pakariya, Serr dejay
baahn na chhoriyai( Who ever is given shelter by God, must be protected even
at the cost of oneís life). Guru ji went from Samana, Kaithal, Lakhi Majra,
and eventually reached Agra. There, the Mughal forces arrested him and took
him to Delhi. With Guru ji, Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Sati Das and Bhai Dyal Das
were arrested too. The three Sikhs, Bhai Jaita, Bhai Gurditta, Bhai Ladha
were already separated by Guru ji from himself.
conditions were put forward before Guru ji. These were as follows :
Become a muslim
Show some miracle
Bhai Mati Das
ji was cut with a saw, Bhai Sati Das ji was wrapped in cotton and set on
fire, and Bhai Dyal Das ji was boiled to death right in front of Guru Tegh
Bahadur jiís eyes. Guru ji remained composed. As on page 1427 Salok 9 :
mind takes refuge in the shelter of your lotus feet, my attention is
your lotus feet
Give fear to no one , neither do I
accept fear of anyone
ji was martyred on Novembe11, 1675 at Chandni Chawk Delhi. At first, no one
would come forward to claim guru jiís body. Finally, Guru Tegh Bahadur jiís
head was recovered by Bhai Jaita ji and on fifth day he arrived with guru
jiís head at Anandpur Sahib. Bhai Lakhi Shah took the body of the Great Guru
secretly to his house and there with the help of Bhai Gurditta ji and Bhai
Udhai Ji, put the body on a funeral pyre and lit it, saying that his house
had caught fire. At this location, Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib was built to
commemorate the place where Guru jiís body was cremated.
place where Guruís head was cremated is called, Gurdwara Sees Ganj and is
situated in Anandpur Sahib. Regarding this strange and unique martyrdom, a
poet called Senapati at Guru Gobind Singh jiís court wrote very beautifully
Guru Teg Bahadur did appear The
whole world he covered like a sheet Who
saved the honour of religion and upheld righteousness
Irrevocable deed did he enact in the age of darkness
Guru Gobind Singh ji has described the martyrdom of Guru Teg Bahadur ji with
his own pious tongue in the form of couplet as in Bachitar Naatak :
Saviour of the hindu sacred thread and mark on the forehead
Enacting a heroic, righteous deed of unmatched grandeur in the age of
the welfare of saints did he do this all He
gave his head but did not utter a word in pain To
uphold the honour of religion did he take this righteous action He
gave up his head but not his resolve
Performing miracles is but a unworthy act God
saved the honour of the people
Breaking this body like a stone on the head of delhiís ruler Did
guru ji return home to Godís court A
righteous act like this taken by Tegh Bahadur was never taken before At
the martyrdom of Tegh Bahadur the whole world was sorrow Hai
hai hai exclaimed the world, praise, praise be, praise be, rejoiced heaven
Guru Gobind Singh ji gave the responsibility of Guru Nanakís Guruship to the
permanent seat of eternity, Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji, before his departure
to his heavenly abode. Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji has been giving, is giving
and will keep on giving guidance and inspiration to the Gursikhs to unite
with Almighty for ever.