Message of the six guru’s (Part-10)
Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib ji
Description of Gurbani : 116
shabads and Shaloks were included by Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji at Talwandi
Saabo(Guru Ki Kashi) Damdama Sahib and this was called the DamDami Bir. This
Damdami Bir was given the title of Guru Granth Sahib(Living Guru) by Guru
Gobind Singh Ji before his heavenly departure on 10-7-1708 at Nanded( Hazoor
Sahib, Maharashter) and thus it became the eternal and permanent Guru of the
Sikhs all over the world in the form of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji.
Deeds : Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji bought a piece of land at village Makhowal
for Rs. 2200 on the banks of River Satluj in the foothills of Shivalik
mountains and laid the foundation stone of Chak Nanaki
on June 19, 1665. Later on, this place became
known as Anandpur Sahib. Khalsa Panth (Sikhism) was established by the Tenth
Nanak (Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji) at this place. The place where this task
was accomplished is called Takhat Sri Keshgarh Sahib of Khalsa Panth.
Secondly, the Great Guru enunciated the principle of “Fearlessness”, that
is, neither to strike fear in anyone nor tolerate anybody’s fear ( bhay Kahu
kou dait nahe, naah bhay maanat aan). Guru ji preached this principle and
put it into practice in his life.
Ninth Nanak Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji sacrificed his life for the Hindu
religion. Guru ji never believed or practiced that religion, but even then,
when the poor oppressed and helpless Hindus came to his shelter, he
protected their prestige at the cost of his life. This was to show that he
believed in the freedom to practice religion and that the true saint is the
protector of the downtrodden. That is why he is called,” Hind di
Chadar(cloak of India)
Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib ji was born on April 1st,
1621 at Amritsar. His parents were Sri Guru Hargobind Singh Ji(Father) and
Mata Nanaki Ji(mother).
early childhood, he was of an Ascetic and reclusive nature. He used to give
money or clothes to anybody who he saw was poor and needy. His childhood
name was Tyag Mall. Once near Phagwara (India) at the village of Palahi, the
Mughals (Muslim) suddenly attacked Sri Guru Hargobind Singh Ji. Tyag Mall
(Guru Tegh Bahadur ji) fought with great courage and bravery. He showed
astonishing feats with his sword. The Mughals eventually fled the
battlefield. Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib ji was very pleased to see this and he
said,” You are not Tyag Mall, you are Tegh Bahadur(Brave). From that time on
he was known as Tegh Bahadur.
His life, whatever he preached, he practiced in his own life. He didn’t ask
one of his childhood friends to stop eating “Gurr”( lumped brown sugar )
until he had stopped eating it himself.
the age of 13, he was married to Gujri (Mata), daughter of Bhai Lal Chand of
Kartarpur (Jalandhar). When Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji gave the
responsibility of Guruship to Sri Har Rai ji, Guru Tegh Bahadur was told to
go to Baba Bakalaa and stay there. When Guru Tegh Bahadur ji was leaving,
Guru Hargobind Sahib ji blessed him with a “Pothi”(Religious Book) and a
dagger and told him that with the passage of time , Guruship would come to
his home. Guru ji, along with Mata Nanaki Ji and Mata Gujri ji came to his
maternal uncle’s village of Bakalaa.
reaching Bakalaa, he dug up an underground cell. He sat in that and
meditated constantly for 26 years, 9months and 13 days, setting an
unparalleled example of Naam Simran.
in Delhi, before leaving for his heavenly abode, Sri Guru Harkrishan Sahib
ji moved his hand three times and said,”Baba Bakalaa” and bowed his head.
Hearing that the next guru was predicted to be found in Bakalaa, relatives
and descendants of the Sodhi clan set up 22 manji’s ( a religious seat for
preaching) in order to establish their right to the Guruship, thereby trying
to mislead the people through their agents(Masands).
Makhan Shah ji was a wealthy merchant and businessman of that time. His ship
loaded with goods was caught in a sandy sea-bed at the port of Surat(India).
All efforts were tried to sail it, but they all failed. He focused his
attention on the Divine throne of Great Guru Nanak Dev ji and prayed from
within to offer Dasvandh(one/tenth part of total income) and 500 gold coins.
By the grace of the Guru, the ship sailed to the shore once again. After
selling the goods, Makhan Shah reached Delhi with his offering which he had
prayed for in his mind during the difficult time he faced at sea.
he reached Delhi, he heard about the departure of Sri Guru Harkrishan ji for
his heavenly abode and about the hint given by him about ‘Baba Bakalay”.
Bhai Makhan Shah decided to go to Bakalaa and was confused after seeing 22
Guru’s there. He did not know who the true guru was and did not know whom to
give his offering to.
test the true Guru, he went to each guru, on bowing, he placed 2 gold coins
before each of them. Having done so with each false guru, he was still
dissatisfied in his heart. At last, he reached Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji and
did the same ritual of bowing and offering 2 gold coins to him. But the true
Guru, who knew and had divine insight knew everything within a man’s heart,
addressed Makhan Shah and said,” Makhan Shah ! You had prayed to offer
Dasvandh of 500 gold coins but now you are giving me only two.”
hearing the words of the Great Guru, Makhan Shah fell on his feet and begged
pardon. He put all the money of Dasvandh and more money upon the Holy feet
of the true Guru. Then he climbed up on the building roof and began to shout
loudly, waiving a cloth saying,” Guru Ladho Re”(Guru is Found). When the
truth came to light, there and then an overflow of congregation rushed to
Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib ji and a “Diwan”(religious ceremony started.
the other hand, Dheer Mall, in order to harm Guru ji physically, asked
Sheehan Masand to fire a gun at him. Guru Ji had a narrow escape. Even then
Dheer Mall’s Jealousy didn’t come to an end. He, along with the other
masands, looted all the household articles of Guru ji’s home. However, the
embodiment and symbol of patience, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji, didn’t lose his
balance or get disturbed.
Makhan Shah came to know of this incident, he, along with his companions,
attacked Dheer Mall in order to teach him a lesson and looted all his
belongings, including the copy of the Adi Granth. He brought Dheer Mall to
Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji, but the symbol of contentment and patience, the
Great Guru returned all the belongings to Dheer Mall and asked
Sangat(congregation ) to forgive him. As mentioned in Gurbilas Patshahi 6 :
Let Compassionate deeds be your ultimate penance, forgiveness for all your
bathing at pilgrimage
Do not take revenge, business of wealth, guru does not run this type of shop
Gur Tegh Bahadur Ji thought it was wise and proper to move from Bakalaa. He
came to Amritsar, Talwandi Saabo, Dham Dhaun, and Kiratpur Sahib. There on
the bank of River Satluj and in the foot-hills of Shivalik mountains, he
bought the entire land of village Makhowal for 2200 rupees and named it as,”
Chak Nanaki(Anandpur Sahib) and laid the foundation on June 19, 1665.
paid special attention to preaching Sikhism. For this, he toured from
Anandpur Sahib to Chanauli, Bahadur Garh, Naulakha, Bachhoaana, Sangheree,
Dhamdhan, Kurukshetar, Bangardesh and reached Mathuraa. He went to Kanpur,
Allahabaad, and reached Patna sahib to emphaaize the need of Naam
Simaran(pray). Here Mata Gujri ji and other members of the family were asked
to stay in the Haveli (Big Building of Salas Rai Johri ). Guru ji himself
left for Dhaka, Assam, Bengal to propagate the Sikh teachings.
curious learners of Gurbani asked Guru ji about meditation and naam simran,
he said to them,” Attention should be diverted from anything which creates
hindrance in focusing on Waheguru. The real meditation is to create such an
atmosphere of love for Almighty that all other things are forgotten.
Guru Tegh Bahadur ji contributed 116 shabads and shaloks to the Adi Granth.
Then Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji included these shabads and shaloks in Sri Guru
Granth Sahib ji.
naam seeker named Dhanna was set on going to the jungle to become a hermit,
meditate and merge with God. Great Guru Tegh Bahadur ji advised him to stay
at home and meditate on God’s naam. Guru ji showed him the omnipresence of
Almighty within himself. Guru ji guided him with his Gurbani not to run to
the forest to find god. As stated on page 684 :
Why do you go looking for Him in the forest
Although he is unattached, he dwells everywhere. He is always with you as
Like the fragrance which remains in the flower, and like the reflection in
the Lord dwells deep within; search for Him within your own heart, O
Outside and inside, know that there is only the One Lord; the Guru has
imparted this wisdom to me.
O servant Nanak, without knowing one's own self, the moss of doubt is not