34. The Master becomes
the Guru had administered Amrit to his Five Beloved Ones, he stood up in
supplication and withfolded hands, begged them to baptize him in the same
way as he had baptized them. This was the height of this remarkable episode
setting up unparallel example in the world that first as Guru, he created
the Khalsa blessing them with power, supremacy and glory, and then he
himself became their disciple- Wonderful is Guru Gobind Singh, himself the
Master and himself the disciple. In the annals of human history a disciple
could become a Guru but never a Guru became a disciple.
Five Beloved Ones were astonished at such a proposal, and represented their
own unworthiness, and the greatness of the Guru, whom they deemed God's
Vicar upon earth. They asked him why he made such a request and why he stood
in a supplicant posture before them. He replied," I am the son of the
Immortal God. It is by His order I have been born and have established this
form of baptism. They who accept it shall henceforth be known as the KHALSA.
Khalsa is the Guru and the Guru is the Khalsa. There is no difference
between you and me. As Guru Nanak seated Guru Angad on the throne, so have I
made you also a Guru. Wherefore administer the baptismal nectar to me
without any hesitation." Accordingly the Five Beloved Ones baptized the Guru
with the same ceremonies and injunctions he himself had employed. The Guru
was then named Gobind Singh instead of Gobind Rai.
Gobind Singh was the first one to take Amrit from the Khalsa, the Five
Beloved Ones. About 80,000 men and women were baptized within a few days at
Anandpur. By creating the Khalsa, the Guru embedded two qualities in one
person. A Khalsa is a Saint-Soldier. A Sikh is a saint because he worships
the All-Pervading Divine Spirit and in whom that Spirit shines day and night
like a full moon. A Sikh is a soldier because he is ever ready to take up
the arms to uphold righteousness.
Guru promised the Five Beloved Ones (The Khalsa) that whenever they called
upon him, he wouldagree to their proposal. This was the establishment of
democratic Khalsa. The Guru fulfilled this promise by submitting to the
demand of the Five Beloved Ones at the battle of Chamkaur and left the Garhi.
The Guru himself gives the definition of his beloved Khalsa :
who constantly keeps in mind Intent upon Ever Awake Living Light of
Consciousness And never swerves from the thought of One God; And he who is
adorned with full faith in Him And is wholly steeped in the Love of the
Lord, And even by mistake never puts his faith in fasting Or in worship of
tombs, sepulchre or crematoriums, Caring not for pilgrimages, alms,
charities, Penances or austerities; Or anything else but devotion to One
God; And in whose heart and soul the Divine Light Shines forth as the full
moon He is known as Khalsa, the purest of the pure."
(Guru Gobind Singh- Swayas)
Persian historian Gulam-ul-din, the newswriter of that period, sent Emperor
Aurangzeb a copy of the Guru's address to his Sikhs on the first of Baisakh,
Sambat 1756 (1699 A.D.) which reads as follows :
all embrace one creed and obliterate differences of religion. Let the four
Hindu castes who have different rules for their guidance abandon them all,
adopt the one form of adoration, and become brothers. Let no one deem
himself superior to another. Let none pay heed to the Ganges, and other
places of pilgrimage which are spoken of with reverence in the Shastras, or
adore incarnations such as Rama, Krishna, Brahma, and Durga, but believe in
Guru Nanak and the other Sikh Gurus. Let men of the four castes receive my
baptism, eat out of one dish, and feel no disgust or contempt for one
the Guru addressed the gathering, several Brahmans and Khatris stood up and
accepted the religion of Guru Nanak while others insisted that they would
never accept any religion which was opposed to the teachings of the Vedas
far the leadership had remained in the hands of non- militant urban Khatris
from whom the majority of the masands were drawn, but now the situation had
completely changed. Peasantry and other classes of rural areas formed the
bulk of the converts. Even those people who had been considered the dregs of
humanity were changed like a magic into something rich and super. The
sweepers, the barbers and confectioners who had never touched a sword and
whose whole generations had lived as slaves of the higher castes, became
doughty warriors under the stimulating leadership of the Guru.
the Khalsa was created to be aimed at a balanced combination of the ideals
of Bhakti and Shakti, of moral and spiritual excellence and militant valor or
heroism of the highest order; or in other words the Khalsa was to be a
brotherhood in faith and brotherhood in arms at one and the same time.
Khalsa symbolized in itself the determination to complete the social and
religious revolution inaugurated by Guru Nanak. The code of conduct
prescribed for the newly created Khalsa was so devised as to impose a strict
discipline on the Sikhs to ensure firm coherence and commitment on their
part to the holy and lofty ideals of Sikhism.
the creation of the Khalsa, some new doctrines were also established. The
first doctrine of the Khalsa was the doctrine of the theocratic democracy by
his selected, not elected, five representatives of the people from amongst
the thousands of the devotees from all over the country while second was the
doctrine of collective responsibility by authorizing the Five Beloved Ones
only, in the presence of the holy Guru Granth Sahib to assume authority
implicitly to be obeyed by the whole nation.
Guru set the souls of the Khalsa free and filled their hearts with a lofty
longing for religious and social freedom and national ascendancy. The Khalsa,
therefore, accepted the challenge to combat terror inspired by tyranny of he
powerful Mughal empire and embarked upon a national struggle of liberation.