8. There is no Hindu and no Musalman
Nanak Dev ji's first words
on reappearing, after his
enlightenment, were that, "There is no
Hindu and no Musalman". Many people have taken this to mean the Guru was
intending to say that both Hindus and Muhammadans had forgotten the precepts
of their religions.
Others have thought that Guru Nanak was pointing out that the Hindu and
Muslim religions were beliefs begun by men and their differences were only
in their words and there beliefs; that all men were brothers who only
imagined divisions. Brothers who were all created by one creator God and
that everything and all things were of his creation.
hearing this the Nawab's Qazi, or expounder of Muhammadan law, complained to
Daulat Khan and the Guru was summoned to
give an explanation of his words. He refused to go, saying, "What have I to
do with your Khan?" At
this time, the Guru was considered to be a madman, but his mind was full of
his mission, and whenever he spoke be merely said, "There is no Hindu and no
Qazi made another representation to the Governor on the impropriety of
Nanak's utterance. Upon this the Governor sent for him. A footman went and
told the Guru that the Governor had requested him to come to him. Then Guru
Nanak stood up and went to the Governor. The Governor addressed him, "Nanak,
it is my misfortune that such an officer as thou should have become a faqir."
Governor then seated him beside him, and directed his Qazi to ask, now that
Nanak was in conversational mood, the meaning of his utterance. The Qazi
became thoughtful, and smiled. He then asked Nanak, "What hath happened to
thee, that thou sayest there is no Hindu and no Musalman ?" The
Guru, not being engaged in controversy with Hindus at the time, gave no
answer to the first part of the question. In explanation of his statement
that there was no Musalman he uttered the following:
Majh ki Var
Mahala 1, Page-141 Shri Guru Granth Sahib ji
be a Musalman is difficult; if one be really so, then one may be called a Musalman. Let one first love the religion of saints, and put aside pride and pelf as the file removeth rust. Let him accept the religion of his pilots, and dismiss anxiety regarding death or life;
Let him heartily obey the will of God, worship the Creator,
and efface himself - When he is kind to all men,
then Nanak, shall he be indeed a Musalman.
Qazi then put further questions to the Guru. The Guru called on Mardana to
play the rebeck, and sang to it the following replies and instructions
adapted for Muhammadans:
1, Page : 140 Shri Guru Granth Sahib ji
Make kindness thy mosque, sincerity thy
prayer-carpet, what is just and lawful thy Quran, Modesty thy
circumcision, civility thy fasting, so shalt thou be a
Musalman;Make right conduct thy Kaaba, truth thy
spiritual guide, good works thy creed and thy prayer, The will of God thy rosary, and God will
preserve thine honour, O Nanak, let others' goods be to theeas swine
to the Musalman and kine to the Hindu; Hindu and Musalman spiritual teachers will go
bail for thee if thou eat not carrion. Thou shalt not go to heaven by lip service; it is by the practice of truth thou shalt be
delivered. Unlawful food will not become lawful by
putting spices therein. Nanak, from false words only falsehood can be
obtained. There are five prayers, five times for prayer,
and five names for them -
The first should be truth, the second what is right, the third charity in God's name, The fourth good intentions, the fifth the praise and glory of God. If thou make good works the creed thou repeatest, thou shalt be a Musalman. They who are false, O Nanak, shall only obtain
what is altogether false.
Qazi became astonished at being thus lectured. Prayers had become to him a
matter of idle lip-repetition of Arabic texts, while his mind was occupied
with his worldly affairs.
was now the time for afternoon prayer. The whole company, including Nanak,
went to the mosque. Up rose the Qazi and began the service. The Guru looked
towards him and laughed in his face. When prayer was over, the Qazi
complained to the Nawab of Nanak's conduct. The Guru said he had laughed
because the Qazi's prayer was not accepted of God.
Qazi asked Nanak to state the reason for his conclusion. The Guru replied
that immediately before prayer the Qazi had unloosed a new-born filly. While
he ostensibly performed divine service, he remembered there was a well in
the enclosure, and his mind was filled with apprehension lest the filly
should fall into it. His heart was therefore not in his devotions.
Guru informed the Nawab also that while he was pretending to pray, he was
thinking of purchasing horses in Kabul. Both admitted the truth of the
Guru's statements, said he was favoured of God, and fell at his feet. The
Guru then uttered the following:
is a Musalman who effaceth himself, Who maketh truth and contentment his
holy creed, Who neither toucheth what is standing, nor eateth what hath
fallen - Such a Musalman shall go to Paradise.
whole company of Musalmans at the capital--the descendants of the Prophet,
the tribe of shaikhs, the qazi, the muftis, and the Nawab himself, were all
amazed at Nanak's words. The Muhammadans then asked the Guru to tell them of
the power and authority of his God, and how salvation could be obtained.
Upon this the Guru addressed them as follows:
God's gate there dwell thousands of Muhammads, thousands of Brahmas, of
Vishnus, and of Shivs; Thousands upon thousands of exalted Rams, thousands
of spiritual guides, thousands of religious garbs; Thousands upon thousands
of celibates, true men, and Sanyasis; Thousands
upon thousands of Gorakhs, thousands upon thousands of superiors of Jogis;
Thousands upon thousands of men sitting in attitudes of contemplation,
gurus, and their disciples who make supplications; Thousands upon thousands
of goddesses and gods, thousands of demons; Thousands upon thousands of
Muhammadan priests, prophets, spiritual leaders, thousands upon thousands of
qazis, mullas, and shaikhs-- None of them obtaineth peace of mind without
the instruction of the true guru. How
many hundreds of thousands of sidhs and strivers, yea, countless and
endless! All are impure without meditating on the word of the true guru.
There is one Lord over all spiritual lords, the Creator whose name is true.
Nanak, His worth cannot be ascertained; He is endless and incalculable.
is said that Daulat Khan, the Musalman ruler, on hearing this sublime hymn,
fell at Guru Nanak's feet. The people admitted that God was speaking through
Nanak's mouth, and that it was useless to catechize him further.
Nawab, in an outburst of affectionate admiration, offered him a sacrifice of
his authority and estate. Nanak, however, was in no need of temporal
possessions, and went again into the society of religious men. They too
offered him their homage, and averred that he was desirous of the truth and
abode in its performance. Nanak replied:
Ghar 3, Page:721
Shri Guru Granth
My beloved, this body,
first steeped in the base of worldliness, hath taken the dye of avarice. My beloved, such robe
pleaseth not my Spouse; How can woman thus dressed go to His couch ? I am a sacrifice, O Benign
One, I am a sacrifice unto Thee. I am a sacrifice unto those who repeat Thy
name. Unto those who repeat Thy
name I am ever a sacrifice. Were this body, my beloved
friends, to become a dyer's vat, the Name to be put into it as madder, And
the Lord the Dyer to dye therewith, such colour had never been seen. O my beloved, the
Bridegroom is with those whose robes are thus dyed. Nanak's prayer is that he
may obtain the dust of such persons' feet. God Himself it is who
decketh, it is He who dyeth, it is He who looketh with the eye of favour.
Nanak, if the bride be pleasing to the Bridegroom,
he will enjoy her of his own accord.
this the faqirs kissed the Guru's feet,
the Governor also came, and all the people, both Hindu and Musalman,
attended to salute and take final leave of him.