Guru Nanak at Eminabaad
Guru proceeded a second time to Saiyidpur or Saidpur, now known as Eminabad,
where he again visited Bhai Lalo. Lalo complained to him of the oppression
of the Pathans, who were leading a luxurious life caring little for others.
The Guru replied that their dominion should be brief, as Babar was on his
way for the conquest of India.
invaded the Punjab for the third time and it was the year 1521. He sacked
the town of Eminabad and subjected it to a massacre, loot and rape. It was a
horrible scene, which Guru Nanak himself describes that there laid in the
dust, the fairy heads of the damsels and beautiful women. Most
of the writers including many Sikhs say that seeing this horrible scene, the
Guru appealed in anguish to the Almighty when he said:
'Eti mar pai kurlane tai ki dard na aaya.'
(Asa Mohalla 1, Page : 360)
'When there was such
slaughter and lamentation, didst not Thou, O God, feel pain?'
Let us examine if these writers are correct.
Did the Guru make such an anguished appeal to God or not?
A. In the
very first stanza (pauri) of Japji on the very first page of Guru Granth
Sahib, Guru Nanak says:
'Hukam rajai chalna Nanak
likhia nal.' 'O Nanak thus runneth the
Writ Divine, The righteous path, let it
Asa Mohalla 5, page 394
, it is
'Tera kia meetha lagei Har nam padarth Nanak mangei.' 'Sweet be Thy Will, My Lord Nanak
beseecheth the gift of nam.'
above quotations mean that whatever happens in life, should be willfully
accepted. In the house of Guru Nanak, there is no room for tears or cries.
There is no place for appeal before the Divine Writ. One must embrace God's
Will as the sweetest gift of life. This is the first lesson preached by Guru
Nanak to the humanity in Japji. How could then the Guru go into anguish?
Does the Divine Jot also feel anguish?
Guru assures that a true devotee's prayers are always answered by the
Almighty and are accepted by Him:
'Nanak das mukh te jo
bolai eeha uha sach howai.'
Mohalla 5, p-681)
''Whatever God's servant, Nanak, uttereth
shall prove to be true both in this world and the next.'
an embodiment of Divine Light, if the Guru had appealed to the Almighty, He
should have accepted his appeal and should have punished Babar. History
reminds us that Babar's dynasty was, instead, blessed with a rule of seven
generations as related to Babar by Guru Nanak.
Guru had reached Eminabad before Babar's attack on the city, and he uttered
the Shabad given below in which he told Lalo about the oncoming massacre. He
had warned some people to leave the city and they actually did:
(Tilang Mohalla 1, Page
'As the word
of the Lord cometh to me, so do I narrate it, O Lalo, Bringing a
bridal procession of sin, Baber has
hasted from Kabul and demandeth wealth as his bride, O Lalo; Modesty and
religion have vanished, falsehood marcheth in van, O Lalo; They sing the
paean of murder, O Nanak, and smear themselves with the
saffron of blood. Nanak
singeth the praises of the Lord in the city of corpses and uttereth this
commonplace- He who made
men, assigned them different positions, He sitteth
apart alone and regardeth them. True is the
Lord, true His decision, true the justice He meteth out as an example. Bodies shall
be cut like shreds of cloth; Hindustan will remember what I say.
view of the above analysis, it seems quite evident that the Guru did not
appeal to God, but the dauntless Guru Nanak Jot addressed that Shabad to
Babar, who then fell on the feet of the Guru and asked for forgiveness.
wrote in his memoirs, "The inhabitants of Saidpur were put to the sword,
their wives and children carried into captivity and all their property
people were killed and most of the rest were taken as prisoners by the
Babar's army. It is said that the Guru along with his minstrel Mardana, were
also taken to the Mughal's holding pen where the prisoners were given
handmills to grind corn to feed the Conquerors soldiers. The Guru asked
Mardana to play on his rebec and he then started kirtan. As the Divine Sabad
was sung- all the prisoners came and sat around the Guru and then they
noticed that every grinding mill started turning automatically and the
prisoners had only to add grain.
seeing this supernatural phenomenon, the guards stood spell-bound and they
sent word to Babar, who came and witnessed the whole scene with his own
eyes. Babar was wonder-stuck and asked the Guru if he could offer him
anything. Boldly replied the Guru:
'Hear, O Babar
Mir Foolish is the Faqir Who begs
anything of thee Whose own
hunger has not appeased.'
Babar said, "O
holy man, I see God in thy face. I will do anything you ask for."
The Guru then
uttered the following Shabad and laid most of the blame of the killings on
over Khurasan, Now thou
terrified Hindustan (As the Mughals called India), He has sent
you the Mughal as a messenger of death, Has slaughter
and lamentations Awakened no
compassion in thee ? The Creator is
the Supreme Lord, If a strong
man beats another strong man No feelings of
resentment arise; But if a
ravening lion falls on a herd, its master should show his
manliness. (Asa Mohalla 1, page : 360)
is the Shabad which other writers have attributed to as Guru's appeal to
God. In actuality, this was Guru placing the blame on Babar. The
Guru asked Babar, when his army fell like a lion on these innocent men,
women and children, did he feel any pain for them ?
was overtaken by remorse. A new moral and spiritual consciousness was
awakened in him, and he fell on the feet of the Guru. He asked the Guru to
be gracious unto him. (History has revealed that kings were always afraid of
the curses of the holy men).
Guru replied, "If thou, O Emperor, desireth kindness, set all thy captives
free." Babar agreed on the condition that his empire should be blessed by
the Guru and should be allowed to continue for generations. The Guru
promised," Thine empire shall remain for a long time."
this the Emperor ordered all the prisoners be set free. Babar then asked the
Guru for instructions to rule. The Guru explained, "Deliver just judgement,
reverence for holy men, forswear wine and gambling. The monarch who
indulgeth in these vices shall, if he survives, bewail his misdeeds. Be
merciful to the vanquished, and worship God in spirit and in truth."
question is why was Babar blessed with kingdoms instead of being punished?
The Gurbani (Divine Word) says:
'Jo saran awai tis kanth lawai eho birdh
'God embraces him who seeketh
His protection; This is the
characteristic of the Lord.'
Guru tells us that the characteristic of his Master (God) is such that
whosoever begs His pardon, falls on His feet for forgiveness, He embraces
him. Since Guru Nanak himself was the embodiment of Divine Spirit, he
pardoned Babar when he sought for forgiveness, and he blessed him with a
boon of Mughal dynasty which continued for a long time.