Naanak Dev ji             Angad Dev ji             Amardas ji              Ramdas ji              Arjan Dev ji             Hargobind Sahib ji       

Hariraye Sahib ji           Harikrishan Sahib ji            Teg Bahadar Sahib ji            Gobind Singh  ji

 
   

45. Guru Nanak at Eminabaad

The Guru proceeded a second time to Saiyidpur or Saidpur, now known as Eminabad, where he again visited Bhai Lalo. Lalo complained to him of the oppression of the Pathans, who were leading a luxurious life caring little for others. The Guru replied that their dominion should be brief, as Babar was on his way for the conquest of India.

Babar invaded the Punjab for the third time and it was the year 1521. He sacked the town of Eminabad and subjected it to a massacre, loot and rape. It was a horrible scene, which Guru Nanak himself describes that there laid in the dust, the fairy heads of the damsels and beautiful women. Most of the writers including many Sikhs say that seeing this horrible scene, the Guru appealed in anguish to the Almighty when he said:

'Eti mar pai kurlane tai ki dard na aaya.'        (Asa Mohalla 1, Page : 360) 

'When there was such slaughter and lamentation, didst not Thou, O God, feel pain?'

Let us examine if these writers are correct. Did the Guru make such an anguished appeal to God or not?

A. In the very first stanza (pauri) of Japji on the very first page of Guru Granth Sahib, Guru Nanak says:

'Hukam rajai chalna Nanak likhia nal.' 'O Nanak thus runneth the Writ Divine,  The righteous path, let it be thine.'

Again in   Asa Mohalla 5, page 394   , it is stated:

'Tera kia meetha lagei  Har nam padarth Nanak mangei.' 'Sweet be Thy Will,  My Lord Nanak beseecheth the gift of nam.'

The above quotations mean that whatever happens in life, should be willfully accepted. In the house of Guru Nanak, there is no room for tears or cries. There is no place for appeal before the Divine Writ. One must embrace God's Will as the sweetest gift of life. This is the first lesson preached by Guru Nanak to the humanity in Japji. How could then the Guru go into anguish? Does the Divine Jot also feel anguish?

B. The Guru assures that a true devotee's prayers are always answered by the Almighty and are accepted by Him:

'Nanak das mukh te jo bolai eeha uha sach howai.'    (Dhanasri Mohalla 5, p-681)  

''Whatever God's servant, Nanak, uttereth shall prove to be true both in this world and the next.'

Being an embodiment of Divine Light, if the Guru had appealed to the Almighty, He should have accepted his appeal and should have punished Babar. History reminds us that Babar's dynasty was, instead, blessed with a rule of seven generations as related to Babar by Guru Nanak.

C. The Guru had reached Eminabad before Babar's attack on the city, and he uttered the Shabad given below in which he told Lalo about the oncoming massacre. He had warned some people to leave the city and they actually did: 

 (Tilang Mohalla 1, Page : 722)   

'As the word of the Lord cometh to me, so do I narrate it, O Lalo, Bringing a bridal procession of sin, Baber has hasted from Kabul and demandeth wealth as his bride, O Lalo; Modesty and religion have vanished, falsehood marcheth in van, O Lalo; They sing the paean of murder, O Nanak, and smear themselves with the saffron of blood. Nanak singeth the praises of the Lord in the city of corpses and uttereth this commonplace- He who made men, assigned them different positions, He sitteth apart alone and regardeth them. True is the Lord, true His decision, true the justice He meteth out as an example. Bodies shall be cut like shreds of cloth; Hindustan will remember what I say.

In view of the above analysis, it seems quite evident that the Guru did not appeal to God, but the dauntless Guru Nanak Jot addressed that Shabad to Babar, who then fell on the feet of the Guru and asked for forgiveness.

Babar wrote in his memoirs, "The inhabitants of Saidpur were put to the sword, their wives and children carried into captivity and all their property plundered."

Many people were killed and most of the rest were taken as prisoners by the Babar's army. It is said that the Guru along with his minstrel Mardana, were also taken to the Mughal's holding pen where the prisoners were given handmills to grind corn to feed the Conquerors soldiers. The Guru asked Mardana to play on his rebec and he then started kirtan. As the Divine Sabad was sung- all the prisoners came and sat around the Guru and then they noticed that every grinding mill started turning automatically and the prisoners had only to add grain.

On seeing this supernatural phenomenon, the guards stood spell-bound and they sent word to Babar, who came and witnessed the whole scene with his own eyes. Babar was wonder-stuck and asked the Guru if he could offer him anything. Boldly replied the Guru:

'Hear, O Babar Mir Foolish is the Faqir Who begs anything of thee Whose own hunger has not appeased.'

Babar said, "O holy man, I see God in thy face. I will do anything you ask for."

The Guru then uttered the following Shabad and laid most of the blame of the killings on Babar:

'Thou ruled over Khurasan, Now thou terrified Hindustan (As the Mughals called India), He has sent you the Mughal as a messenger of death, Has slaughter and lamentations Awakened no compassion in thee ? The Creator is the Supreme Lord, If a strong man beats another strong man No feelings of resentment arise; But if a ravening lion falls on a herd, its master should show his manliness.      (Asa Mohalla 1, page : 360)  

This is the Shabad which other writers have attributed to as Guru's appeal to God. In actuality, this was Guru placing the blame on Babar. The Guru asked Babar, when his army fell like a lion on these innocent men, women and children, did he feel any pain for them ?

Babar was overtaken by remorse. A new moral and spiritual consciousness was awakened in him, and he fell on the feet of the Guru. He asked the Guru to be gracious unto him. (History has revealed that kings were always afraid of the curses of the holy men).

The Guru replied, "If thou, O Emperor, desireth kindness, set all thy captives free." Babar agreed on the condition that his empire should be blessed by the Guru and should be allowed to continue for generations. The Guru promised," Thine empire shall remain for a long time."

Upon this the Emperor ordered all the prisoners be set free. Babar then asked the Guru for instructions to rule. The Guru explained, "Deliver just judgement, reverence for holy men, forswear wine and gambling. The monarch who indulgeth in these vices shall, if he survives, bewail his misdeeds. Be merciful to the vanquished, and worship God in spirit and in truth."

Now the question is why was Babar blessed with kingdoms instead of being punished? The Gurbani (Divine Word) says:

'Jo saran awai tis kanth lawai eho birdh swamy sanda.'

(Bihagra Mohalla 5, Page-544)

'God embraces him who seeketh His protection;  This is the characteristic of the Lord.'

The Guru tells us that the characteristic of his Master (God) is such that whosoever begs His pardon, falls on His feet for forgiveness, He embraces him. Since Guru Nanak himself was the embodiment of Divine Spirit, he pardoned Babar when he sought for forgiveness, and he blessed him with a boon of Mughal dynasty which continued for a long time.

   
1. Birth 2. Guru Nanak at School
3. Guru Nanak and the Sacred Thread 4. Sacha Souda, Truely Trade
5. Guru Nanak Grazing Buffaloes 6. Guru Ji's Sickness
7. Three Days in the River  8. No Hindu and no Musalman
9. Bhai lalo malik bhaago 10. Dolat Khan
11. First Udaasi (first Travel) 12. First Stop At Eminabad
13. Sujjan Thug 14. Guru Nanak At Hardwar 
15. Encounter Ascetics (Sidhs Goshti)  16. Guru At Gorakhmata
17. Reetha Sahib  18. Guru At Banaras 
19. Guru At Gaya  20. Guru To Kamrup
21. Kauda Rakhshash 22. Guru At Jagan Nath Puri
23. Second Udaasi (Second Travel) 24. Discourse With Jains
25. Discourse With Majhavars 26. Discourse with Kauda Cannibal
27. Junagarh 28. Vadodra
29. Somnath Temple 30. Dwarka
31. Recitation of Bani Dakhni Oankar 32. Collection of Bhagat Bani
33. Guru To Sangladeep (Ceylon) 34. Naanak Jheera
35. Guru to Sarsa 36. To Sultanpur
37. Third udaasi (3rd Travel) 38. Guru Nanak at Sri Nagar
39. Bhai Mardana: lesson on Greed 40. Lake Guru Dongmar
41. Gurudwaras in Jammu & Kashmir 42. Fourth Udaasi (Fourth Travel)
43. Return From Baghdad 44. Guru Nanak at Hassan Abdal
45. Guru Nanak at Eminabad   46. Guru Nanak in Pakpattan
47. Guru Nanak in Saudi Arabia 48. Hajjis vs. Nanak
49. Meeting Bahlol, Pir from Baghdad 50. Guru At Achal Batala
51. Bhai Buddha 52. Sajjan or Sheikh Sajjan
53. Mardana and the ants 54. Mardana and the stone
55. Mardana gives away clothes & food 56. Guru Nanak and Duni Chand
57. Guru Nanak and Moola 58. Guru Nanak and two students
59. Guru Nanak at Shikarpur  
   
 
 

 

 

 

GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU. SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty.

GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months. GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him.

On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed. When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released.

Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla). Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released.

Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU.

SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty. GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months.

GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him. On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed.

When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released. Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla).

Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released. Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.

 

Gurudwara Shri Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib Phone Number :  0751-2480040

 

 

Bandi chhorh diwas was the day on which shri guru hargobind sahib ji got released from fort gwalior. And that days falls on "asu di masya" which is still celeberated at gurudwara shri bandi chhorh sahib, gwalior.

 

 

MIRI : The concept is linked to the traditional power enjoyed by kings and ruler where the might of the military resulted in the power and ability to rule or influence the people.

PIRI : The concept of "Piri" is linked to the power enjoyed by religious leaders, church priests, qazis, pandits, etc. to have power or influence over the devotees by way of "spiritual power" or religious power. The words miri and piri are now frequently used together to give the concept promoted by the sixth Guru.

 

 
1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th (Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIBís.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughterís money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect oneís hair like GURUíS belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.

1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th(Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIBís.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughterís money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect oneís hair like GURUíS belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.