Bibi Harsharan Kaur
the battle of Chamkaur Sahib, Guru Gobind Singh jee and 40 starving Singhs
fought against the Mughal army. The battle, which took place in Chamkaur
Sahib's mud fort, lasted 72 hours and saw the loss of many Mughal soldiers,
and also 36 of Guru Gobind Singh jee's companions along with the two
an army of hundreds of thousands, Guru Gobind Singh jee gave an exhibition
of his battle skills. Guru jee, following the orders of the Panth Khalsa (in
the form of the Panj Pyaare) left the fort along with Bhai Daya Singh jee,
Bhai Maan Singh jee, and one other Singh, after giving his clothes to Bhai
Sangat Singh jee to wear. Only Bhai Sangat Singh jee and Bhai Sant Singh jee
fought the battle to its end. They too were martyred. Seeing Guru jee's
clothes on Bhai Sangat Singh jee, the Mughals were ecstatic. Taking him to
be Guru Gobind Singh they cut off his head and took it to Delhi.
every village it was announced that Guru Gobind Singh had been killed. "Look
here is his chopped off head! His family is also finished. His two sons were
killed in the battle and the two younger ones will also die abandoned. The
revolution has been crushed. No one should go to the Chamkaur Fort. No one
should cremate the dead Singhs." A
tight cordon was put around the Fort. As the soldiers were going from
village to village making their announcement, the people were retreating in
terror into their homes. However, in village Khroond, a daughter of Guru
Gobind Singh jee, Bibi Harsharan Kaur, asked for her mother's permission to
perform the final rites for the Shaheeds (martyrs). Her old mother replied,
"It is total darkness outside and soldiers are everywhere around the fort,
how will you even go near?"
this, Kalgeedhar's lioness daughter replied with resolve "I will avoid the
soldiers and perform the cremation, and if need be, I'll fight and die." The
mother gave her courage and hugged her daughter, and then explained the
maryada (tradition) to follow for the cremation. After performing Ardaas,
Bibi Harsharan Kaur jee left for the Chamkaur Fort. The
battlefield, which saw iron smashing against iron, the bellows of elephants,
the trotting of hooves, and calls of "Kill! Capture!" was now totally silent
and enveloped in complete darkness. In such a situation, the 16 year old
girl, Bibi Harsharan Kaur jee, avoided the guards and arrived at the Fort.
saw that bodies were lying everywhere and that distinguishing between Sikh
and Mughal was very difficult. She still had faith and began to find arms
with kaRas (iron bangles) and torsos with kachheras (Sikh undergarment) and
heads with long kesh (unshorn hair). As she found a body, she would wipe the
face of every shaheed (martyr). Both Sahibzaadey and about 30 shaheeds were
found and then she began to collect wood. Fearing the approaching light of
dawn, Bibi Harsharan Kaur jee worked very quickly and soon prepared a pyre.
She then lit the fire.
the rising flames, the guards were shocked and advanced towards the pyre.
Bibi Harsharan Kaur jee was seen in the light of the flames sitting beside
the pyre. She was quietly reciting Keertan Sohilaa (prayer said at bedtime
and funerals). The guards were shocked and confused as to how a lone woman
could come into the fort on such a dark night.
The guards asked in a loud voice, "Who are you
jee : I am the daughter of Guru Gobind Singh jee.
What are you doing here?
Bibi jee :
I am cremating my martyred brothers.
Don't you know about the order that coming here is a crime?
Bibi jee :
I know it.
Then why have you disobeyed that order?
Bibi jee :
The orders of a false king do not stand before the orders of the Sache
Paatshaah (True King)
Bibi jee :
Meaning that I have respect for the Singhs in my heart and with the Guru's
grace I have done my duty. I don't care about your King's orders.
such stern answers from Bibi Harsharan Kaur jee, the infuriated Mughal
soldiers attempted to capture her and attacked. Bibi jee grabbed her kirpaan
(sword) and fought back with determination. After killing and maiming many
soldiers, Bibi Harsharan Kaur jee was injured and fell to the ground. The
soldiers picked Bibi Harsharan Kaur up and threw her into the pyre, burning
next day the cordon around the Fort was lifted because it was clear that the
Sahibzaadey and most of the Shaheed Singhs had been cremated. The ancestors
of the Phulkiaan family, Rama and Triloka, then cremated whichever Singhs
remained. The story of Bibi Harsharan Kaur jee reached Guru Gobind Singh jee
Mahaaraaj in Talvandee Sabo (Takhat Sri Damdama Sahib).
hearing of her daughter's martyrdom, the old mother thanked Akaal Purakh.
She said, "My daughter has proven herself worthy." The story of the
cremation of the Chamkaur Sahib Shaheeds will forever serve as a glowing
star of inspiration for all Singhs and Singhnees.
[Note: another version of Bibi Harsharan
Kaur's Shaheedee tells us that she was pierced by a Mughal lance and then
thrown into the fire].
Gurudwara Amargarh is situated on the banks of