19. Sahibzada Jujhar Singh
Jujhar Singh (27
1705), the second son of
Guru Gobind Singh, was born to
Mata Jito ji (also known as
Mata Sundari ji) at
Anandpur on 27 September 1691 (as per
his elder brother
Ajit Singh, he started training in the
fighting skills (Gatka)
as soon as he started learning the religious texts aged about 4 to 5 years.
In 1699, when he was eight years old, he received holy
Amrit at the rites of
Khalsa initiation, called
Amrit Sanskar. By the time it became
necessary to leave
Anandpur under the pressure of a besieging
host in December 1705, Jujhar Singh, nearing the completion of his fifteenth
year, was an experienced young warrior, strong and fearless.
was one of the band that successfully waded through the flooded
Sarsa rivulet on horseback and made good
their way to
Chamkaur by nightfall on 6 December 1705,
with the adversary in hot pursuit. With little respite during the night, he
participated in the next day's battle warding off assault after assault upon
the "garhi", the fortified house in which
Guru Gobind Singh had, along with his
40 Sikhs and two sons, taken shelter.
they ran out of ammunition and arrows, Sikhs inside split themselves into
batches of five each who would go out one after the other to engage the
besiegers in hand to hand combat. Jujhar Singh led the last sally towards
the end of the day (7 December 1705), and laid down his life fighting near
the place where he had earlier seen his elder brother fall. He was just 14
years old when he gave his life while his
older brother was 18 years old when they
gave their lives for their faith.
Gurdwara Katalgarh Sahib in
Chamkaur Sahib now marks the site.
Baba Jujhar Singh Also Ready
Baba Ajit Singh attain Shaheedi, Baba
Jujhar Singh desired to fight in the battlefield, as well, even though doing
so meant certain death. He asked his father, "Guru Sahib, permit me, dear
father, to go where my brother has gone. Don't say that I am too young. I am
your son. I am a Singh, a Lion, of yours. I shall prove worthy of you. I
shall die fighting, with my face towards the enemy, with the Naam on my lips
and the Guru in my heart."
Gobind Singh embraced him
and said, "Go my son and wed the life-giving bride, Death. May the Almighty
be with you always"
Sahib gave blessings to Baba Jujhar Singh just like a father gives blessings
to the bride on the day of her marriage. Guru added, "I asked my father to
give his life for "dharam" (righteousness and justice). Today, what I told
my father, I now tell you son."
Himmat Singh and
Bhai Sahib Singh (two of the original Panj
Piarey) along with 3 other Singhs accompanied Sahibzada Baba Jujhar Singh .
The Mughals were shocked at what they saw. It looked as if
Ajit Singh had come back.
"Whoever dies, let him die
such a death, that he does not have to die again. (1)"
(Ang 555, Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji)
bodies lay everywhere. Baba Jujhar Singh chose to attack another section of
the enemy. He had observed the enemy and chose to attack the section who
were showing more aggression against the
Sikhs in the mud-fort then the rest of the
enemy. Initially, the enemy did not have any courage to formulate an attack
against this second unit after the fury of the force displayed by
Ajit Singh's unit.
them this appeared like a repeat of the same disaster that had befallen them
an hour or so ago. They had not even had time to recover from the previous
shock and now they had a second wave of the same enormously vibrant energy.
This time the enemy was driven even further back; many just took flight as
they thought that the
Sikh numbers must have increased and so
many of the enemy desserted the battlefield. This new force of six
Khalsas soldiers killed many hundreds of
the enemy; many simply ran away.
enemy were stunned by the heavy force and thrust of this second attack and
had little choice but to retreat. The
Khalsa unit created a huge void in the
enemy territory and a small circle of about 35 metres within the enemy
ground was under the control of the
Sikhs. No one had the courage to enter into
this circle of control. Anyone who entered this area of command was
immediately challenged and quickly extinguished. The
Khalsa unit, with their backs to the centre
of this circular area attacked the enemy courageously and with vigour at the
perimeter of the controlled region.
Guru watched this development with pride and gratefulness to the Almighty
and he knew that the Sikhs had learned the lessons of warfare well and would
soon join the many hundreds of Sikh martyrs who had attained the highest
honour of Dharam. The Almighty had indeed blessed the Sahibzade and the
Sikhs with true bravery and deepest understanding of the
due to the huge number of the enemy, they eventually assembled around Baba
Jujhar Singh. He was now surrounded and had a [[Neja## (spear) in his hand.
Wherever the Neja hit, the enemy was destroyed. He also used a
Khanda (double-sword), with which he killed
the enemy as a farmer mows down his crop. Guru saw that Jujhar Singh was
being surrounded and the opportunity to kill the Mughal soldiers was
Guru Sahib fired volleys of arrows in the area around the
Sahibzada giving 'protection fire' to the
Sikh soldiers. The person providing protection fire must be very skilful and
precise because if the target is missed, people on the same side can be
killed giving rise to 'casualty from friendly fire'. Guru sahib continued to
give protection cover with arrows for almost 30 minutes, but none of the 5
Singhs or Baba were hit or injured by the arrows. Baba and the 5 Singhs
demonstrated the Sikh concept of one equalling the bravery and courage of "Sava
Lakh" (125,000) humans.
Jujhar Singh eventually was able to break the ring of the
Mughal army soldiers surrounding him.
However, due to the huge number of enemy soldiers, Baba eventually attained
Shaheedi but died a hero's death in the fight against tyranny and falsehood.
person alone is known as a spiritual warrior, who fights in defence of
religion. They may be cut apart, piece by piece, but they never leave the
field of battle. 22."
Guru Granth Sahib ji)
was truly a sign of a dedicated warrior! By the time Baba Jujhar Singh had
attained Shaheedi nightfall had arrived and the moon could be seen in the
sky. Guru Sahib wrote in his composition, the
trust can I have on your oath on
Koran? Otherwise, why should I have taken
this path of taking up the sword?" (Line 23,
Bhai Daya Singh and
Bhai Dharam Singh (two of the original Panj
Piarey) along with Bhai Maan Singh and other Singhs remained in the fort of
Chamkaur Sahib. There were a total of 10 Singhs left. Now the Guru-roop Panj
Piarey (Five Singhs) gave
Hukam to Guru Sahib to leave the fort,
which the Guru could not refuse. However, Guru Sahib did not leave quietly.
On leaving, Guru Sahib blew his horn and stood on high ground and clapped
his hands three times saying "PeerÚ Hind Rahaavat" ("The "Peer" of India is
is that land, blessed is that father, blessed is the great mother. Whose son
has shown the way to live, for centuries to come."