1. Bhai Dayala
Bhai Dayala was
one of those Sikhs who were allowed by Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib to remain
with him and be arrested along with him under the orders of Emperor
Aurangzeb. The other two were Bhai Mati Dass and Bhai Sati Dass.
Aurangzeb who was determined to convert the entire Hindu population of India
into Islam even by force was immensly pleased by the message of Guru Teg
Bahadur received by him through Kashmiri Brahmins and Governor of Lahore. He
thought, it would not be difficult to deter the Ninth Guru of the Sikhs to
shun the idea of coming to the rescue of Hindus from his tyrant methods of
He was confident that his learned Kazis and scholars of Islam
would easily persuade the Sikh Guru to himself become a MuslmanThe learned
Kazis questioned the advisibility of Guru in taking up the cause of Hindus,
the idol worshippers, when he himself had no faith in idol worship. They
further told him that Islam preaches worship of one God like Sikh Gurus.
Islam even promised paradise for idol destroyers.
Guru Teg Bahadurís reply to Kaziís persuation and arguments was. ďThose
using force and the influence of the State to bring about conversion of
population from one religion to another can never be graced by God. They
should only expect condemnation and punishment at the hands of the Lord.
Every one should have the freedom of worship according to oneís belief. He
said that while it was true that he was trying to educate people about the
futility of idol worship and ritualism and concentration on the worship of
Since the advent of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikh religion,
millions of Hindus and Muslims have adopted Sikh religion, only through
preaching and persuation. He told them that they were also at liberty to
adopt methods used by Sikh Gurus to convince people of other religions to
join Muslim faith.
When Kazis, the learned scholars of Islam, failed to convince Guru Teg
Bahadur about the supermacy of their religion and found that the Guru was
stead fast towards his own religion, they planned to terrify him. In this
regard, they cut Bhai Mati Dass into two pieces with a big saw. When Bhai
Mati Dassís brutal death in front of his eyes failed to terrify Guru Teg
Bahadur. Bhai Dayala bound with iron shackles was marched to the place
Chandni Chowk where Bhai Mati Dass was done to death. The Kazi offered to
set him free and luxurious life if he accepted to be converted to Islam, or
a torturous death in the event of refusal.
Bhai Dayala who had witnessed the horrible scene of two executioners sawing
Bhai Mati Dass alive in front of thousands of spectators, had mentally and
physically prepared himself for a similar treatment.
He told the Kazi, ďDonít think Bhai Mati Dass is dead. He is sitting happily
in the lap of merciful God and will live forever in the hearts of godly
people. Be quick and despatch me quickly to the heavanly abode where Bhai
Mati Dass is waiting for me. However, I too wish that I should also be
allowed to lay down my life while facing my beloved Guruís cage.Ē
Under the orders of the Kazi, a big Cauldrum (a very big vessel) was
brought. Bhai Dayala was made to sit in this vessel. Water was put into the
vessel and fire was lit under the vessel.
While Bhai Dayala satrted reciting Gurbani the water started boiling in the
cauldrum. Kazi continued to persuade Bhai Ji to save his precious life by
accepting conversion to Islam. Bhai Dayala paid no heed to it and kept
meditating on the name of God, with grace of his Guru, who was witnessing
from his cage his devout disciple was laying down his life in the most
courageous and peaceful manner unmindful of the brutal manner, the tryants
were doing him to death. Boils appeared on the entire body of Bhai Dayala
and the spectators were terrified by the most inhuman scene. But Bhai Ji had
before his eyes the model of martyrdom of the Guru Arjan Dev Ji, who was
done to death under the orders of Emperor Jahangir in a similar but much
Under the watchful eyes of thousands of spectators many of who were sobbing
and graceful eyes of his Guru, Bhai Dayalaís soul left his body and acquired
the grace of Guru and God.
His example of courage and conviction of his faith in Sikh religion and
stead fastness to his belief will keep inspiring the Sikh youth and others
for generations to come. He thus contributed his share in making the Sikh
heritage richer still.