Naanak Dev ji             Angad Dev ji             Amardas ji              Ramdas ji              Arjan Dev ji             Hargobind Sahib ji       

Hariraye Sahib ji           Harikrishan Sahib ji            Teg Bahadar Sahib ji            Gobind Singh  ji

 
   

8. Masands Punished

Kabul, the Capital of Afghanistan, has always been noted for the manly bearing and large heartedness of its people. On a Besakhi festival Duni Chand, a trader from Kabul, presented the Guru with a woolen tent which surpassed in excellence even the one belong lag to Emperor Aurangzebe. When it was erected in the Maidan the spectators were rooted to the ground in astonishment. They saw thereon, embroidered in gold and silver, representations of all that was grand and beautiful in nature.

Men looked at the artistic work with feelings of great delight and ecstacy and admired Duni Chand and other disciples from Balkh, Bokhara and Kandhar on whose conjoint expense and labour the gift had been prepared. In the same year, on the occasion of the Diwali festival, Raja Rattan Rai of Assam came on a visit to the Guru. He was the son of Raja Ram Rai, an admirer of Gurn Tegh Bahadur. Raja Ram Rai had no offspring and was consequently unhappy. Blessed by the Guru he got a son whom he named Rattan Rai. When he succeeded to the throne, Rattan Rai proposed to his mother that she should accompany him to Anandpur to pay respects to their benefactor's son. The mother very gladly expressed her willingness.

So taking with them valuable presents and accompanied by a large retinue they started for Anandpur. On arrival there they were accommodated in the tent above-mentioned at the sight of which the Raja was lost in wonder and forgot the grandeur of his own court. Next day he brought as presents for the Guru an elephant named Pershadi with a forehead white as snow, and saddled with a seat wrought in gold, beautiful ponies, a curious weapon which when un- folded became by turns a spear, sword, gun and pistol, a sandal wood chowki with carved stands, a garland of pearls, a wig bedecked in precious stones of Dacca Muslin.

The presents were graciously accepted and the Raja was assigned a place of honour in the reception room. After making usual enquiries concerning the health of the royal visitor the Guru delivered a sermon on the various aspects of Dharma. The Guru's deep insight into the domain of religion astonished the Pandits who had accompanied the Raja (king) and his heavenly beauty dazzled the Raja himself.

The Raja's mother and Rani (Queen) saw the Guru next day and received from him the solace of religion. All the while the Raja stayed with the Guru he was treated most kindly. He was regular in attending the divine service every morning and during the day he had the pleasure of accompanying the Guru's sporting parties. At length deeply impressed with all that he had seen and experienced the Raja (King) left Anandpur for good. A temple was erected by him at the seat of his Government where to this day the Sikh visitors receive attention.

The order of Masands became a perfect scandal in the time of Guru Govind Singh. As agents of the Guru; the Masands were highly respected by the disciples in their respective spheres of work. To those who, for some reason or other, were unable to come and personally pay their respects to the Gurus they were as good objects of veneration as the Gurus themselves.

The majority of the Masands succumbed to the many temptations to which they were exposed and made themselves obnoxious to the people. The disciples, simple as most of them were, could not master courage enough. to report to the Gurn the nameless obscenities committed by the Masands. Once when the Guru was holding a Durbar, some itinerant dramatists availed themselves of an opportunity to bring the nefarious doings of his Masands to his notice.

A person took the part of a Masand and another of a dancing girl. With two male attendants and riding on horseback the Masand and his paramour visited the house of a poor disciple. Finding the owner of the house absent he cursed him in a loud tone. The noise made attracted the disciple's wife to the door. On seeing the Masand she fell at his feet and asked for his blessings. She was rewarded with a kick and was asked to arrange for a number of beds. She brought the best ones in the house ; but the Masand did not approve of them and flung them into the street.

The woman, then, borrowed better beds from a neighbour. This done the Masand ordered one of the young daughters of the Sikh disciple to shampoo the dancing girl and sent the other after her father. His servants took as much of hay and fodder for the horses as they pleased ; but when Nehari (a mixed food composed of gram flour, raw sugar and red pepper) was not forthcoming the wrath of the Masand knew no bounds.

He was about to give the mistress of the house a beating when her husband returning from work fell at the man's feet and, as usual, prayed for his blessings, But poor as he was he failed to salute the Masand with a silver coin in his hand. This, coupled with his wife's incapacity to provide Nehari for the ponies, redoubled the Masand's anger. In fear, the man mortgaged his wife's ornaments and purchased provisions to serve dainty dishes to the Masand and his paramour.

But as these did not include meat and liquor they were thrown to the dogs. At length the faithful disciple mortgaged a plot of his land and, with the money thus obtained, he provided such articles of food as he was asked to do and made presents of money and clothes to the Masand and his paramour, as well as to their male attendants.

Next marning when the Masand prepared to leave he asked for the hand of one of the disciple's daughters for an attendant ; but as she was already betrothed the Sikh was not able to comply with the demand. For this refusal he was rewarded with a shower of imprecations. The poor matron wept in distress and wished they had been rich enough to satisfy their guests and deserve better treatment at their hands. Her husband remarked that the Masand was the Guru's representative and, therefore, what he said and did ought to result in lasting good to them.

The Guru was already sick of the Masands. The heinous picture drawn before him drew forth tears from his eyes. He dismissed the performers laden with presents and thanked them for their enabling him to come to a decision on a matter of such serious moment. The messengers, sent throughout the country, brought the Masands bound in chains.

They were tried and punished according to their deserts. Some were flogged ; others were made to return their ill-gotten wealth to the owners; while the few who were found innocent were released and sent back rewarded. The order of Masands, however, ceased to exist from that date. The Sikhs were, thenceforward, forbidden to hold any intercourse with them.

   
1. Birth of a Star 2. Early Life
3. Brahmins come to Anandpur ji 4. Father Guru's martyrdom
5. Stay at Paonta Sahib 6. Martial training
7. Aims and Methods 8. Masands Punished
9. The stage of Hindusim 10. Duni Chand & Raja Ratan Rai
11. Ranjit Nagaara 12. Guru Leaves for Paunta Sahib
13. Raja Bhim Chand & the Guru 14. Rewards Budhu Shah and Kirpal
15. Return to Anandpur 16. The founding of a workshop
17. Death of Nanaki Ji 18. Erection of fortresses
19. Testing the sikhs 20. Staying in Bibhour
21. Visit of the hill Rajas 22. Story of an ass in a tiger's skin
23. Testing the Sikhs 24. Origin of Nirmala Sadhus
25. Death of Sodhi Ram Rai 26. Birth of princes Ajit Singh
27. Birth of prince Jujhar Singh 28. Pir Budhu Shaah
29. The Battle of Bhangaani 30. Expedition of Alif Khan
31. Dilwar Khan 32. Hussain Khan's Expedition
33. Creation of the Khalsa 34. The Master Becomes Disciple
35. The propagation of the Gospel 36. Bhai Nand Lal
37. Bhai Joga Singh 38. Post-khalsa Period Activities
39. First Battle of Anandpur 40. Second Battle of Anandpur
41. Battle of Nirmoh 42. Third Battle of Anandpur
43. Fourth Battle of Anandpur 44. Fifth Battle of Anandpur
45. Ram Rai's Reclamation 46. Battle of Chamkaur

47. Escape from Chamkaur

48. Travelling incognito
49. Innocent Children Martyred 50. Ghani Khan and Nabi Khan
51. Halt at Deena 52. Blue Dress Cast off
53. Founder of the Faridkot State 54. Conversion of a Sodhi
55. The Manjha Sikhs 56. The Battle of Mukatsar
57. The Jat Demand Pay 58. Conversion of Syad
59. Rai Dalla's Fidelity 60. Guru at Damdama Sahib
61. The Guru's Marvellous Memory 62. Zafarnamah bears result

63. See Aurangzeb

64. Death of Aurangzebe
65. Guru helps Bahadur Shah 66. Guru at Nander
67. Recovers but mission is at an end 68. Guru Granth Sahib becomes Guru
69. Guru's Bani  
   
 
 

 

 

 

GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU. SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty.

GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months. GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him.

On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed. When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released.

Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla). Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released.

Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.GURUDWARA SHRI DATA BANDI CHHORH SAHIB, is situated in the Distt City Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh (Central India) It is situated on the hill top in the Fort Gwalior. After the news of Martyrdom of SHRI GURU ARJAN DEV JI at Lahore, Baba Budha ji announced SHRI HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as sixth GURU.

SHRI GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI started raising the army of Saint Soldiers to fight against the cruelty. GURU SAHIB raised the Lohgarh Fort at Amritsar (Now Known as GURUDWARA SHRI LOHGARH SAHIB). GURU SAHIB also used to provide quick and cheap justice to the people at Akal Takhat Sahib. This led a seriuos concern to Jahangir, who later summoned GURU SAHIB to Delhi. On this GURU SAHIB reached Delhi and the place where he stayed there for few days is called as GURUDWARA SHRI MAJNU KA TILLA SAHIB.

GURU SAHIB met Jahangir several times and were having good understanding with each other. Both of them came to Agra for hunting. GURU SAHIB saved Jahangir and killed Tiger (GURUDWARA SHRI SHER SHIKAR SAHIB, DHOLPUR Rajasthan is situated at this Place). Jahangir fell sick; he called Kazi's and Hakims to consult about his health. But Chandu bribed them and asked the kazi & hakim's to suggest Jahangir that his health will be improved if some holy person will pray for him at Gwalior Fort.

He made it sure that kazi/hakim's sugggest GURU SAHIB's name as a Holy person. Kazi/Hakim's did the same thing and suggested Jahangir to select GURU SAHIB for this task. Jahangir asked GURU SAHIB to stay at Gwalior Fort and pray for him. GURU SAHIB agreed to stay there and moved to Gwalior Fort. GURU SAHIB used to worship at a place called as Thada Sahib and he continued doing this for 2 years and 3 months.

GURU SAHIB while staying at Thada Sahib also met 52 Rajput Rulers arrested by Jahangir. They all were tied to diffrent Pillars with chains and were leading miserable life. After daily prayer, GURU SAHIB used to meet the rulers and consoled them that when ever he (GURU SAHIB) will go from the fort he will take all the rulers along with him. On the other side Jahangir was again sick and his health was declining day by day. Luckily during these days Sain Mian Mir ji was in Agra. Jahangir's wife met Sain ji and asked about Jahangirs health. Sain ji told her that they had taken a holy man to there custody if they will not release them then there whole empire will be distroyed.

When Jahangir came to know about this thing he sent orders to release GURU SAHIB. But GURU SAHIB on other hand put a condition that he (GURU SAHIB) will only go from there if all the rulers will be released. Again Jahangir was in confusion whether to realease all of them or not. So he sent a message that who so ever will hold GURU SAHIB's Palla can leave the fort. (The Rajputs never Hold any ones Palla).

Also Jahangir was sure that it will be not possible to hold GURU SAHIB's palla for all the rulers, so only few will be released. Next morning a miracal happened and all the 52 rulers came out of Fort holding GURU SAHIB's palla and were released; When all of them came out of Fort Gwalior while holding GURU SAHIB's Chola's. From that day onwards GURU SAHIB was also known as Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib.

 

Gurudwara Shri Data Bandi Chhorh Sahib Phone Number :  0751-2480040

 

 

Bandi chhorh diwas was the day on which shri guru hargobind sahib ji got released from fort gwalior. And that days falls on "asu di masya" which is still celeberated at gurudwara shri bandi chhorh sahib, gwalior.

 

 

MIRI : The concept is linked to the traditional power enjoyed by kings and ruler where the might of the military resulted in the power and ability to rule or influence the people.

PIRI : The concept of "Piri" is linked to the power enjoyed by religious leaders, church priests, qazis, pandits, etc. to have power or influence over the devotees by way of "spiritual power" or religious power. The words miri and piri are now frequently used together to give the concept promoted by the sixth Guru.

 

 
1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th (Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIBís.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughterís money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect oneís hair like GURUíS belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.

1. Earn your living by honest means.

2.  Impart the 10th(Tenth) part of your earnings.

3. Learn Gurbaani orally to make it an integral part of your memory.

4. Wake up early in the morning.

5. To serve Gursikhs with love and affection.

6. To know the meanings of Gurbaani from a Gursikh.

7. Keep strictly the preservance of the Five Kakkars.

8. Exercising & practicing on the Shabad.

9. Attending & meditating on the everlasting true GURU.

10. To consider SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB as their GURU.

11. To perform Ardaas (Prayer) before starting any work.

12. At the time of Birth Death marriage and any other celebrations recitation of SHRI JAPJI SAHIB paath, preparing Karah Prashaad, recitation of SHRI ANAND SAHIB paath performing Ardaas and to then distributing the prashaad to the sangat after taking out the prashaad for Hazuri Singhs and Panj Pyaras. (Five Beloved Ones)

13. Till the time Prashaad is distributed among all the Sangat no one should move from their respective place.

14. Not to have any physical relation without getting married.

15. To treat every second lady as Sister, Mother and Daughter other than your Wife.

16. Not to abuse any woman.

17. To keep oneself away from lie, Tambacoo and meat.

18. To be in the company of Gursikhs who take the name of GURU and follow his teachings.

19. Not to be lazy in duties to be performed by you.

20. To listen and practice Gurbaani daily.

21. To avoid back biting(Gossiping) and feeling jealous from any one.

22. Not be proud of your Money, Youth and caste.

23. To think pure and high.

24. To be part of auspicious work.

25. To consider WAHEGURU as ultimate power of Knowledge and Health.

26. Not to believe on the person who swear on any person or thing.

27. To be independent.

28. To get knownledge of politics.

29. To adopt all other ways love, Money etc with enemy and if need arises then go for war.

30. To educate oneself of Arms knowledge and horse riding.

31. To read the books of other religions and faiths but believe in Sikhism only.

32. To adopt the teachings of the GURU.

33. To do the REHRAAS SAHIB paath daily and perform Ardaas in standing posture.

34. To do KIRTAN SOHILA paath before going to bed.

35. To keep your head covered.

36. To call GURSIKH by his FULL NAME.

37. Not to consume Liquor.

38. Marry your daughters with GURSIKHS and not with cut surd.

39. To perform every task within the teachings of SHRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB.

40. Not to disrupt any ones work by back-biting (Gossiping).

41. To not hurt anybody by harsh words.

42. To travel and visit only GURUDWARA SAHIBís.

43. To keep your words.

44. To help the guest, outsider, needy and handicapped person to the fullest.

45. It is a sin to use daughterís money.

46. Not to be an artificial Sikh.

47. To be a surd, to respect oneís hair like GURUíS belongings.

48. Not to be a part of theft, cheating and fraud.

49. To trust a Gursikh.

50. Not to be a fake witness.

51. Not to tell, speak a lie.

52. Distributing the Prashad and the Langer equally.